How Is Scraping Done For Enterobiasis In Children?

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How Is Scraping Done For Enterobiasis In Children?
How Is Scraping Done For Enterobiasis In Children?

Video: How Is Scraping Done For Enterobiasis In Children?

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Alyaa Gad - Pinworm 2023, February
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How is scraping done for enterobiasis in children?

Enterobiasis is the most common parasitic disease diagnosed in children. To identify the presence of worms in the child's body, an affordable, fast and informative method is most often used, involving a microscopic examination of the biomaterial obtained by scraping from the perianal region.

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Enterobiasis is the most common parasitic disease diagnosed in children.

In what cases is it carried out

Scraping on pinworm eggs is required for the child in the following cases:

  • before entering kindergarten, school, going to the camp;
  • before starting inpatient treatment;
  • after contact with a person infected with pinworms;
  • when symptoms occur that indicate the possible development of a parasitic disease (itching in the anal canal, indigestion, fatigue, headaches, restless sleep, etc.).
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Scraping on pinworm eggs is required to be done by the child after contact with a person infected with pinworms.

Also, on a mandatory basis, once a year, the study is carried out among children over 12 months.

How to take in the clinic

Scraping for enterobiasis in children in the clinic is carried out in the direction of a doctor. Special preparation for the delivery of the analysis is not required, however, parents need to remember that before performing the study, the child must not be washed away. In addition, it is impossible to donate a biomaterial after a bowel movement, since this may affect the diagnostic result. It is best to come to the clinic early in the morning, when the baby has just woken up.

Then she slightly spreads the patient's buttocks, without touching the anus, and with the help of adhesive tape, a special spatula with an adhesive layer, an applicator with a cotton tip or a tampon dipped in an aqueous or glycerin solution, takes the material, several times touching the device to different places of the perianal zone …

The resulting material is placed on a glass slide or in a sterile container, which is then sent to the laboratory.

The test procedure itself is completely safe and painless for the child and takes no more than 1 minute.

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The procedure itself taking the analysis takes no more than 1 minute.

How is scraping taken from a child at home

In some situations, it is not possible to take the child to a medical facility to take a scraping for enterobiasis. In this situation, it is allowed to independently collect biomaterial at home and then hand it over to the laboratory for research. In this case, the same rules should be followed as in preparation for scraping performed in a polyclinic.

It is most convenient to collect material for research at home using a special container and a glass slide with adhesive tape.

Collecting with a test container

This container is specially designed for scraping.

It is necessary to put on disposable gloves, put the child on its side, spread his buttocks with one hand, and take the material with the other, running the applicator several times over the skin around the anus, trying to touch different areas.

Then the instrument must be carefully placed in a container, closed and delivered to a medical facility as soon as possible. The material can be stored for no more than 2 hours and only at a temperature not higher than + 8 ° C.

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The material can be stored for no more than 2 hours and only at a temperature not higher than + 8 ° C.

Slide with adhesive tape

When using a slide with adhesive tape, the following sampling procedure must be followed:

  1. Wash hands with soap, put on gloves.
  2. Lay the child on its side or tilt it forward.
  3. Remove the tape from the glass, being careful not to touch the surface of the instrument and the sticky layer of the tape.
  4. Spread the child's buttocks with one hand, without touching the anus.
  5. With the other hand, firmly apply the tape to the anus for a few seconds.
  6. Remove the strip from the skin, stick it on the glass slide.
  7. Send the material to the bacteriological laboratory.
Wash your hands before the procedure
Wash your hands before the procedure

Hands should be washed before the procedure.

To take a smear, you need to remove the tape from the glass, being careful not to touch the surface of the instrument and the sticky layer of the tape
To take a smear, you need to remove the tape from the glass, being careful not to touch the surface of the instrument and the sticky layer of the tape

To take a smear, remove the tape from the glass, being careful not to touch the surface of the instrument and the sticky layer of the tape.

After taking a smear, you need to send the material to the bacteriological laboratory
After taking a smear, you need to send the material to the bacteriological laboratory

After taking a smear, you need to send the material to a bacteriological laboratory.

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How many days do

It will take no more than 1 day to obtain the results of scraping for pinworm eggs in a state polyclinic. In private laboratories, this analysis is performed even faster - in a few hours.

How much is valid

The results of the study on enterobiasis are valid for 10 days.

Other diagnostic methods

Other methods for detecting helminths that cause enterobiasis include a study of feces and a blood test for the presence of antibodies to the causative agents of parasitic infection. Stool analysis is considered the least informative, since only adult pinworms can be found in feces.

The most reliable is the diagnosis of the disease by blood. This method makes it possible to almost accurately detect helminthic invasion at any stage of its development due to the fact that the immune system of an infected child produces antibodies to helminths already in the early stages of the disease.

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