Preparations For The Prevention Of The Appearance Of Worms In Adults

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Preparations For The Prevention Of The Appearance Of Worms In Adults
Preparations For The Prevention Of The Appearance Of Worms In Adults

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Preparations for the prevention of the appearance of worms in adults

Worm infestation or helminthiasis is a very common disease, which is very easy to get infected. The larvae of the parasite are able to live for a long time on various surfaces, in food, drinks, pet hair, clothing, and even soil. According to statistics, in 70% of adults, the presence of worms can be ascertained. It is very difficult to recognize helminthiasis on your own, since its symptoms are manifested by general malaise (nausea, weakness). Preventing the appearance of worms is the best way to keep yourself safe.

How to protect yourself from being infected with parasites

Medicines for the treatment of helminthic invasion are prescribed by a doctor. This is due to the fact that parasites are of different types and are capable of dwelling not only in the intestines, but also in other organs. Also, all antihelminthic drugs are very toxic and, if taken uncontrolled, can cause poisoning. The doctor prescribes a drug based on anamnesis and after conducting special studies aimed at identifying the type of parasite.

Prevention of the appearance of worms is the measures taken to prevent infection. It is important to follow the rules of hygiene - this is the first and most important barrier, and all actions, despite their simplicity, are very effective. The following measures should be observed:

  • Washing your hands regularly, including after changing clothes, after using the toilet, and before eating, even if you are planning a small snack. It is also important to wash your hands after contact with animals.
  • Heat treatment of products. It is worth giving up meat and fish of a low degree of roast, as well as salted fish and caviar of unknown origin, as they may contain eggs of worms and other parasites. Dishes from such fish, if possible, should be prepared independently (especially sushi).
  • Ironing of underwear and bed linen.
  • All vegetables and fruits should be rinsed under running water. After that, you need to pour boiling water over them.
  • Do not use water from open bodies of water, as well as raw water.
  • Cut your nails short, as helminth eggs can remain under them, even with thorough washing.
  • Regularly deworm animals, since they can quickly become infected with parasites.
  • Remember to wear gloves both when cleaning and when working with the ground in the garden. It is advisable to process natural fertilizers to avoid contamination of the soil with eggs of nematodes and worms.
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It is important to follow the rules of hygiene - this is the first and most important barrier, and all actions, despite their simplicity, are very effective.

These are the main measures that involve the prevention of the appearance of worms in adults. They can be supplemented with various folk remedies. Many recipes are very effective and milder than pills, so they work well as an alternative method.

The mechanism of action of tablets from worms

All medicines are subdivided into broad and narrow spectrum drugs. The former affect most of the parasites, while the latter have a targeted effect on one type of pest.

Should we use drugs if it is supposed to carry out not treatment, but preventive measures? Some doctors believe that such medications should not be used for prevention, since they are not as harmless as other types of pills. Other doctors believe that a similar therapy should be carried out at least 2 times a year, and the first period falls in the spring, immediately after the snow melts, and the second - at the end of autumn, when frosts begin. At this time, the body is usually weakened, and parasite infestation will cause additional damage to health.

These include nausea, weakness, sleep disturbances, and itching in the anus. Anthelmintic therapy should be carried out for 3-5 days. A single application may not be enough, since in most cases the helminths have time to lay eggs, and after 1.5-2 weeks, you will need to take the pills again to get rid of the worms that have appeared.

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One of the symptoms of helminthic invasion is nausea.

Effective treatment in adults includes 3 stages and lasts approximately 2 weeks:

  1. Preparation of the body takes one week. No special measures are required, it is enough to maintain a light diet, as well as to use medications that help improve the flow of bile and stomach function.
  2. Next, take drugs for worms according to the instructions. The course takes different time, but no more than 5 days.
  3. The last stage is no less important and consists in removing dead worms from the body. For this, both laxatives and enemas are used. Cleansing is very important, otherwise the bodies of parasites will begin to decompose, poisoning the body with toxic substances.

Tablets for worms

Anthelmintic drugs are presented quite well, and in different price categories. The principle of action depends on the type of active substance. For example, some of the drugs affect the respiratory system of helminths, others provoke paralysis in them, and still others irreversibly stop metabolic processes. All these actions cause the death of worms and their elimination from the body.

Anthelmintic drugs are presented quite well, and in different price categories
Anthelmintic drugs are presented quite well, and in different price categories

Anthelmintic drugs are presented quite well, and in different price categories.

Worm infestation or helminthiasis is a very common disease that is very easy to get infected
Worm infestation or helminthiasis is a very common disease that is very easy to get infected

Worm infestation or helminthiasis is a very common disease, which is very easy to get infected.

Pinworms provoke severe itching in the anus
Pinworms provoke severe itching in the anus

Pinworms provoke severe itching in the anus.

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Pirantel

The available drug is one of the most low-toxic, so it is best tolerated by the body. It affects the muscles of helminths, blocking their motor activity. Unable to feed, the parasite dies. This remedy is suitable for trichocephalosis, enterobiasis, noncatorosis, ascariasis, ankylostomiasis.

You can take Pirantel both as a suspension and in tablets. The first days after application, it is very important to monitor compliance with the rules of hygiene, since the parasites will be excreted from the body, although paralyzed, but alive. The dosage usually does not exceed 10 mg / kg, and the duration of treatment does not exceed 3 days. Contraindications are lactation and the period of gestation.

If Pirantel is taken once, then the next pill is drunk only 10 days after the first dose, in order to affect the new larvae.

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Pirantel is an affordable drug, one of the lowest toxic, so it is best tolerated by the body.

Dekaris

Together with the anthelmintic effect, it also enhances immunity by helping to generate the necessary antibodies in the blood. It completely inhibits glycolysis in parasites, causing their death.

It is used once, the dosage for an adult is 0.15 mg. The course is best carried out under the supervision of a doctor, since in the future you need to monitor the number of leukocytes. Decaris is well tolerated, but with weakened immunity, nausea, abdominal pain, and vomiting are possible.

Vermox

Shows the greatest efficiency in relation to ascaris, whipworm and pinworms. This remedy negatively affects the metabolic processes of worms and does not enter the bloodstream. Possesses a rather high toxicity, since it is able to accumulate in the body. Because of this, you should not use it yourself, even if only prevention is supposed to be done. The drug reduces immunity and increases the allergy of the body.

It is strictly prohibited for admission to patients with chronic pathologies and pregnant women.

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Vermox is highly toxic because it is able to accumulate in the body.

Albendazole

This active ingredient includes several types of tablets at once: Vormil, Aldazole, Nemazole and Albendazole itself. Suitable for use with mixed types of invasions. Use with caution in case of liver dysfunction.

The dosage and frequency of administration is different in each case and depends on the type of parasite and the degree of infection. So, when infected with a nematode, a single use of 400 mg is sufficient. With giardiasis, the dose is calculated individually based on the patient's body weight. If toxocariasis develops, it should be treated for 2 weeks, taking 400 mg twice a day.

At the same time, the toxic effect on the body is not so strong, because they will only need to be used twice a year. But the best prevention is still hygiene.

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