How To Treat Roundworms In Children: A List Of Pills And Folk Remedies, Prevention

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How To Treat Roundworms In Children: A List Of Pills And Folk Remedies, Prevention
How To Treat Roundworms In Children: A List Of Pills And Folk Remedies, Prevention

Video: How To Treat Roundworms In Children: A List Of Pills And Folk Remedies, Prevention

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Video: Worm Infection in Babies - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment 2023, February
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Malaise, lethargy, dyspeptic disorders in a child can be signs of ascaris infection. Parasitic infections are often observed in children of any age. Infection with roundworms - roundworms - often causes poor growth and development in babies. Consider how to treat roundworm (ascariasis) in children, what drugs are offered by doctors, what traditional medicine recommends to use.

Content

  • 1 Features of the treatment of the disease in children
  • 2 Drug treatment of ascaris

    • 2.1 Pirantel
    • 2.2 Mebendazole
    • 2.3 Vormil
    • 2.4 Piperazine
    • 2.5 Medamin
    • 2.6 Mebendazole
    • 2.7 Albendazole
    • 2.8 Levamisole
  • 3 How to treat roundworms at an early migration stage
  • 4 How to treat ascariasis in the intestinal or chronic stage
  • 5 Folk remedies and recipes

    • 5.1 Garlic milk
    • 5.2 Pumpkin seeds
    • 5.3 Infusion of onions
    • 5.4 Walnuts
    • 5.5 Garlic
    • 5.6 Herbal preparations
  • 6 Diet
  • 7 What not to do
  • 8 Preventive measures

Features of the treatment of the disease in children

Ascariasis belongs to the group of helminthiasis and is caused by the roundworms Ascaris lumbricoides. They can settle in different organs of the child, but the main habitat is the small intestine.

In contrast to an adult, parasites in children have a noticeable effect on the state of various organs, cause severe allergic reactions and general intoxication of the body. With ascariasis, there is an increase in the liver, lymph nodes, spleen

Digestive disorders often appear - vomiting, loose stools. The kid loses weight, becomes moody, often suffers from colds. Disorders of the nervous system are often observed - absent-mindedness, sleep disorders, constant anxiety.

All these circumstances have to be taken into account when prescribing treatment for a child. The therapy regimen depends on the degree of damage to the internal organs and is selected depending on the stage:

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  1. Early migratory - damage to the lungs by larvae.
  2. Intestinal or chronic.

With complex therapy, it is necessary to solve the following problems:

  1. Remove roundworm. For this, specific anthelmintic drugs are used.
  2. Prevention of re-infection. Hygiene measures, family and environment treatment are used.
  3. Treatment of concomitant pathologies caused by invasion. Symptomatic therapy.
  4. Normalization of the diet in children weakened by infection.
  5. Taking vitamins, raising the general tone. Supportive therapy - probiotics, enzymes.

The following factors are taken into account:

  • weight;
  • age;
  • the degree of damage;
  • the number of helminths in the body according to laboratory tests.
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Therapy is usually done at home. With early detection of ascaris, a single dose of the drug is required, which can be done at home.

Reasons for possible hospitalization:

  • severe allergic reactions;
  • intoxication of the body;
  • chronic diseases - diabetes mellitus, others;
  • pathology of the gastrointestinal tract - pancreatitis, appendicitis.

Treatment is carried out by a pediatrician or infectious disease specialist. If possible, you need to find a parasitologist. Young patients will also need advice from an immunologist, gastroenterologist, and allergist.

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Children respond well to treatment, its effectiveness is 80-100%.

Medication for ascaris

Using medications is the best way to get rid of roundworm forever. Pharmaceutical companies offer a set of effective tools that are used to treat young patients. The dosage and the regimen of administration are selected by the doctor, based on the characteristics of the child.

It should be noted that all drugs have side effects in the form of various reactions:

  • skin manifestations - urticaria, itching;
  • dyspeptic disorders - vomiting, pain in the epigastric region, nausea.

It is impossible to use medicines without an accurate calculation of the dosage and prescription of a doctor.

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To effectively remove worms and the consequences of their life, the following set of tools is used:

  1. Anthelmintic medicines. They must completely eliminate parasites - adults, larvae, eggs. After therapy, a control examination is carried out in all parameters.
  2. The choice of an effective drug should take into account the age and the presence of other helminths in the body. Examination and treatment of all family members is mandatory, in the future, strict adherence to hygiene rules is necessary.
  3. Taking antihistamines to suppress allergic reactions.
  4. Multivitamins for toning up.
  5. Preparations for the normalization of gastrointestinal tract functions - enzymes, probiotics.
  6. Reception of sorbents, infusion detoxification. It is necessary to remove waste products of parasites, poisons and toxins from the body.
  7. In case of severe consequences of ascariasis (myocarditis, vasculitis), a course of glucocorticosteroids is prescribed, bronchodilators - in the presence of a dry cough.

When choosing anthelmintic drugs, the doctor should focus on using the minimum effective dose in order to completely remove ascaris without harming the body.

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Below is an overview of effective anthelmintic drugs used to treat children.

Pirantel

It is produced in two dosage forms - suspension and tablets. One of the best drugs for the treatment of ascariasis in children. Reception is shown from 6 months.

The suspension is prescribed in a volume of 5 milliliters per 10 kilograms of weight. Dosage of tablets:

  • 2-6 years old - 250 milligrams;
  • 6-12 years old - 500 milligrams;
  • over 12 - 750 milligrams.

The tablets are used for adult children, as they should be chewed during meals. One dose is usually sufficient.

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Mebendazole

The medicine is used for various helminthic infestations, therefore it is effective when infected with several types of parasites. Available in pill form only.

Children are prescribed from 2 years old. With ascariasis, the drug is used for 3 days twice a day. The dosage is adjusted according to age and weight.

Nourished

The drug has 3 dosage forms, which makes it convenient to use for children:

  • chewable tablets;
  • suspension;
  • dilution powder.

It is more convenient for little ones to use a suspension that has a raspberry flavor. Reception is carried out in a course of 3-5 days.

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Piperazine

A highly effective remedy for ascaris is available in pill form. Can be used for babies up to a year. The medicine is taken 2 days, 2 times a day. Dosages at one time:

  • up to a year - 200 milligrams;
  • 2-3 years - 300 milligrams;
  • 4-5 years - 500 milligrams;
  • 6-8 years old - 750 milligrams;
  • 9-12 years old - 1 gram;
  • 13-15 years old - 1.5 grams.

Application does not require preparation and diet.

Medamin

An antiascaridic agent is used to treat children from 3 years old. Available in tablets only. The dosage is calculated at 10 milligrams per kilogram of body weight. It is taken during the day in 3 doses.

Mebendazole

The drug is available in tablets, used for children from 2 years old. Requires admission for 3 days twice a day.

Albendazole

Not for use in children under 3 years of age. Usually the drug is prescribed for a single dose, the dosage is chosen by the doctor. After the tests, you can take it again after 3 weeks.

Levamisole

The calculation of the amount of medicine is 2.5 milligrams per kilogram of the child's weight. Reception - one time in the evening.

The medicine is used as an immunostimulant prophylactically. The dosage for children is chosen by the doctor, usually therapy lasts 2 weeks according to the prescribed schedule.

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Important: you cannot use antiparasitic drugs on your own due to the high toxicity and the danger of exceeding the dosage

How to treat roundworms at an early migration stage

At the migratory stage, the larvae attack the lungs. Children develop a dry cough, signs of a respiratory infection. The most effective drugs for early diagnosis are:

  • Mebendazole;
  • Thiabendazole;
  • Levamisole;
  • Dekaris;
  • I fed.

Anthelmintic treatment is complemented by antiallergic drugs and glucocorticosteroids. Supportive therapy, including bronchodilator drugs, is also carried out. Sorbents are accepted.

How to treat intestinal or chronic ascariasis

Therapy of intestinal or chronic ascariasis is carried out with the following drugs:

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  • Levamisole;
  • Pirantel;
  • Piperazine;
  • Mebendazole;
  • Albendazole;
  • Naphtamon.

Pirantel has 2 dosage forms and is used from an early age. It is one of the most popular remedies for the treatment of ascariasis in children.

Folk remedies and recipes

There are many methods for destroying ascaris with folk remedies. The effect of medicinal plants is limited by the removal of adult worms from the intestines; they cannot be used to overcome the pulmonary larvae. Only anthelmintic drugs can completely destroy parasites. Consider some folk ways to combat roundworms.

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Garlic milk

The combined use of garlic and milk helps to remove ascaris in a child. They are used internally and for enemas

Enema. Combine the crushed head of garlic with a glass of hot milk. Soak for 20 minutes and drain. Empty the intestines before oral administration. After the procedure, lie down for half an hour. Do it every day for a week.

Pumpkin seeds

Pumpkin seeds are a well-known folk remedy for parasites. They are consumed raw and peeled twice a day on an empty stomach, 1-2 tablespoons.

Infusion of onions

For children, you can use a honey mixture with onions. In equal proportions, combine onion and honey chopped with a blender. Take 30 minutes before meals for 10 days.

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Water infusion. For ½ liter of boiling water, take 2 chopped onions. After 24 hours of infusion, strain. Give ¼ glass before meals for 5 days.

Walnuts

To remove ascaris, kernels and partitions of nuts are used.

Kernels. Grind the kernels of ripe nuts into a pulp. For 4 tablespoons, you need a glass of boiling water, a little salt. Insist an hour. The baby should drink ½ glass a day. Duration of admission is 3-5 days.

Partitions. Air dry well. Pour boiling water over 2 tablespoons (200 milliliters). Insist 2 hours, drain. You can give ¼ glass in the morning and in the evening for a course of 2 weeks.

Garlic

Garlic is considered a good remedy for worming out. It is consumed in its pure form before meals for 2 cloves. If children refuse such treatment, you can squeeze out the juice and give it 3-4 drops, also before meals. The best way to use garlic is to combine it with milk. The recipes are described above.

Herbal preparations

Here are recipes for herbal preparations that help drive out parasites.

Composition 1. Pour birch buds and leaves (10 grams) with water (0.2 liters), keep on fire at low boil for 10-15 minutes. Drain. Add the same amount of boiled water. Reception - once a day, 20 milliliters.

Composition 2. Wormwood (10 grams) is infused in 200 milliliters of water for about 10 hours. Filtered. Children are given 25 milliliters three times a day before meals.

Important. You can use folk remedies after consulting a pediatrician

Diet

The proper nutritional regimen for ascariasis corresponds to diet No. 5. It is necessary to consume proteins and avoid foods that impede digestion, cause bloating, flatulence.

Waiver Required:

  • from fried;
  • a lot of fat;
  • canned food, fast food;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • offal;
  • confectionery.
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Useful:

  • lean meats and fish;
  • cereals based on cereals (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina) and fruits;
  • casseroles;
  • dairy products.

Useful vegetables - carrots, cucumbers, broccoli, potatoes. Fruit pomegranates, fresh and baked apples, prunes are useful.

You need to feed children in small portions 4 times a day. Requires the use of clean water in the amount of 1.2-1.5 liters.

What not to do

Anxious parents sometimes give their children anthelmintic drugs for prophylactic purposes if there is a possibility of infection, before going to the village, to the country, to prevent the appearance of ascaris. This cannot be done. All drugs are toxic, the drugs are chosen by the doctor, based on the type of parasites. Immunostimulating drugs can only be used according to a scheme developed by a specialist.

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If you need to take anthelmintic drugs, you need to familiarize yourself with the side effects and treatment rules. After taking the medicine, worms move actively. The drug can lead to reverse peristalsis, cause gagging, helminths can be thrown into the respiratory tract.

The child's condition should be closely monitored.

It is strictly forbidden to change the dosage. If exceeded, severe intoxication of the body is possible. If the dose is reduced, it will not be possible to completely destroy the worms, the drug will be used in vain. Helminths will not be completely destroyed, and will begin to multiply again.

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Preventive measures

Prevention will get rid of roundworm forever. Without it, therapeutic measures of a long-term effect will not bring, since re-infection is inevitable. The measures for the prevention of ascariasis in children include:

  1. Compliance with hygiene - washing hands, fruits, berries. Heating food to 50 ° kills eggs, it is no longer possible to get infected. Therefore, doctors advise washing food with hot water or scalding with boiling water.
  2. Early diagnosis. Timely testing allows you to start treatment on time and get rid of parasites with minor harm to health.
  3. Fly control, careful handling of pets. It is necessary to teach the child, after contact with pets, and even more so with street pets, to wash their hands.
  4. Kids should be taught not to take hands and toys in their mouths, to eat nothing on the street.
  5. Do not drink tap water, as the water quality, in most regions, does not meet the standards.

In an interesting accessible form, you need to instill the rules of hygiene, better by your own example. You can't buy dubious treats for babies in unknown places. When infected with ascaris, you should use the medication prescribed by your doctor to avoid complications.

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