CHLAMIDIOSIS IN MEN - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

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CHLAMIDIOSIS IN MEN - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment
CHLAMIDIOSIS IN MEN - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment
Video: CHLAMIDIOSIS IN MEN - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment
Video: Sexual Health - Chlamydia (Male) 2023, February
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Characteristic signs of male chlamydia

Content

  • 1 Features of the disease
  • 2 The main signs of the presence of a parasitic agent
  • 3 Consequences of striking pathology
  • 4 Treatment and diagnosis
  • 5 Therapy of parasitic disease

Pathogenic microorganisms of chlamydia, getting into the body of men, cause a number of diseases that can occur without pronounced symptoms. Without timely treatment, chlamydia becomes chronic and leads to problems with men's health. How the chlamydia disease manifests itself, the symptoms in men and the diagnosis of the disease are discussed in detail in this article.

Features of the disease

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Features of the disease

Chlamydiae are not bacteria or viruses. The microorganism settles inside the cell and multiplies there. But chlamydia has its own cell and DNA. An independent parasitic agent is difficult to diagnose and in 60% of cases the infection proceeds without visible symptoms.

A healthy man with a normal functioning immune system has natural defenses against the parasite. But bad ecology, stress and fatigue affects the immune system, and the parasite easily penetrates into the cells of the body. Chlamydia is defined as infection by several types of parasites that have a similar shape. Depending on the type, chlamydia settles in various parts of the body:

  • In the genitourinary system. Thomas parasite - Trachomatis (causes urogenital disease);
  • In the respiratory system. The form of the parasite is Pneumoniae (causes a mild form of pneumonia or bronchitis);
  • In the conjunctiva. The form of the parasite is Felis (causes purulent conjunctivitis, arthritis).

The most common form of chlamydia is the Trachomatis parasite. The rarest, but dangerous parasite of the chlamydis Psittaci. It is transmitted from birds to humans and provokes the development of diseases: encephalitis, atypical pneumonia, myocarditis, psittacosis.

Most often men from 18 to 40 years old are infected with chlamydia. Average age is due to frequent intercourse. By the age of 18, a man has a lot of sexual intercourse, and in the presence of a parasite in the body, chlamydia is easily transmitted sexually. At the same time, a male carrier may not be aware of the presence of an agent in his body. According to statistics, every second man on the planet between the ages of 18 and 49 has a parasite in his body. Of the infected men, only 10% were diagnosed with the disease.

The main signs of the presence of a parasitic agent

Half of the infected men have chlamydia without visible symptoms. In this case, the patient is a distributor. All sexual partners of the carrier are at risk, since the most common mode of transmission of the agent is sexual intercourse.

The incubation period in the human body for chlamydia is 25-30 days. This time the microorganism does not manifest itself in any way.

A month later, a man may develop symptoms:

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  1. A slight increase in temperature to 37.5 degrees. With slight hyperthermia, general malaise, lethargy, and weakness are observed.
  2. Crystalline discharge appears from the man's urethra. There is an admixture of pus or mucus in the discharge. In the morning, discharge can lead to clumping of the waerta.
  3. When urinating, a man experiences a sharp pain, burning sensation. Symptoms resolve with urination. The first urine is cloudy, with an unpleasant odor.
  4. Huerta swells, slight redness appears around the edges.
  5. Sharp pain during intercourse.

Symptoms are mild and disappear 10-15 days after infection. If you do not pay attention to the signs of chlamydia immediately, then later the man forgets about them. The parasite multiplies in the body and attacks the genitourinary system. Over time, a man develops prostatitis, urethritis.

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Chlamydia is the leading infection among other infections that are transmitted through sexual intercourse. You can become infected with the parasite during intercourse, anal or oral contact.

Epidemiologically insignificant is the transmission of the parasite in everyday life, through a wet towel or personal hygiene items. Chlamydiae Pneumoniae, Felis are transmitted by household. But infection with these forms of chlamydia is rare.

Dangerous disease for a newborn. After birth, a child is susceptible to the harmful effects of microorganisms. If in the family the mother or father is sick with chlamydia, then the baby is likely to become infected immediately after birth. It is worth undergoing examinations at the stage of pregnancy planning and, if a parasitic agent is identified, to be treated.

Consequences of an amazing pathology

Over time, the parasitic disease becomes chronic, and becomes the cause of the following pathologies:

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  • Urethritis followed by structural changes. The disease is accompanied by frequent urination, discharge with pus and an unpleasant odor. The patient experiences pain during urination and intercourse.
  • Inflammation of the prostate. The parasite enters the prostate gland and causes its pathology. The man feels pain and burning in his groin, pulling pain in the lumbar spine.
  • Epidermitis. Inflammatory disease of the ovarian epididymis. Causes high fever, weakness. The appendages change size, become larger. The disease proceeds with complications and causes impotence and infertility.
  • Orchitis, orchiepididymitis. This is a pathological inflammation of the testicle. It is accompanied by pain in the groin, the testicle increases in size. During physical exertion and during intercourse, a man experiences severe pain.
  • Reiter's disease. A man has a conjunctiva, purulent discharge, edema. Additionally, the disease causes urethritis and arthritis.
  • Vesulite. Pathological processes of the spermatic cord and vesicles. The patient experiences pain during intercourse and when walking.

Chronic chlamydia can affect not only the organs of the genitourinary system. In patients, the pathology of the kidneys, liver, and rectum progresses. Without proper diagnosis, the doctor proceeds to treat a secondary disease and ignores chlamydia. This leads to the development of dangerous pathologies that require more long-term treatment.

Treatment and diagnostics

The parasitic agent has a non-standard biological cycle, so it is difficult to diagnose. Chlamydia is disguised as other diseases, which, when analyzed, give an indicator of pathogenic or conditionally pathogenic flora.

After diagnosing the patient, the doctor concludes that the patient has prostatitis or urethritis. The etiology of the secondary disease is not detected. The wrong treatment is selected, which causes drug resistance in the parasite and the chlamydia spreads further.

Chlamydia in men is detected using the following studies:

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  • Cultural examination of a smear taken from a man's urethra. The method takes a long time and is too laborious.
  • ELISA. The patient's blood is examined for the pathogen. The method is not effective enough, since it gives a false negative result in 50% of cases.
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The method is carried out at the microbiological level. A swab is taken from the man's urethra. It is considered one of the most effective in detecting the parasite in humans.
  • TMA (Transcriptional Amplification). One of the most effective and modern techniques. Aimed at detecting the RNA of the parasite in the smear.

You cannot rely on the result of one analysis. The parasite can only be identified in a certain state. The specialist makes the result based on several analyzes, which are submitted at regular intervals. Only after diagnosis is the man prescribed treatment.

Parasitic disease therapy

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Parasitic disease therapy

Chlamydia therapy is multi-stage and requires a lot of time and patience. Particular difficulties are caused by the advanced form of chlamydia, when the parasite managed to cause multiple secondary pathologies in the body.

For treatment, an antibiotic is selected that is able to penetrate the cell. All other drugs are ineffective. Antibiotics from three groups are capable of penetrating into the cell:

  • Fluoroquinolones;
  • Tetracyclines;
  • Macrolides.

A man is prescribed one of the drugs, depending on concomitant pathologies, the general condition of the body and susceptibility to antibiotics. Before starting therapy, the specialist finds out how long ago the first signs of chlamydia were noticed, what chronic ailments the patient suffers from, and to what drugs an allergic reaction manifests itself. If the patient cannot answer most of the questions, then additional diagnostics for allergens, blood sugar, and the presence of pathologies are carried out.

A man may additionally be assigned studies that will help to find out: how the immune system works, in what standing is the pancreas and gallbladder. It is important to diagnose any pathologies of the urogenital organs even before starting therapy. An analysis is also given for AIDS, hepatitis and other sexually transmitted diseases.

For the treatment of chlamydia in men, the following drugs are used:

  • Antibiotic agents: Doxycycline, Tsiprolet, Erythromycin, Maxaquin;

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    Doxycycline

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    Tsiprolet

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    Erythromycin

  • Immunomodulatory drugs: Interferon, Taktivin.

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    Interferon

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    Taktivin

  • Herbal immunostimulants: Eleutherococcus, Pantocrinum, Aralia tincture;

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    Eleutherococcus

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    Pantokrin

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    Aralia tincture

  • Enzyme therapy drugs: Lidase, Trypsin, Phlogenzyme;

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    Lidaza

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    Trypsin

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    Phlogenzyme

  • Hepatoprotectors: Essentiale Forte, Phosphogliv;

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    Essentiale Forte

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    Phosphogliv

  • Vitamins with antioxidant properties: E, A, sodium thiosulfate;
  • With and probiotics that normalize the intestinal flora: Bifidumbacterin, Lactobacterin, Hilak Forte, Bifiform;

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    Bifidumbacterin

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    Lactobacterin

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    Hilak Forte

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    Bifiform

  • Enzymes to improve the digestive tract: Mezim, Festal, Pancreatin.

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    Mezim

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    Festal

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    Pancreatin

In combination with drug therapy, a man is prescribed ultrasound treatment, electrophoresis. It is important to pay attention to the first symptoms of chlamydia in men in time and start treatment for the parasite.

The chronic form of chlamydia is resistant to various antibiotics and is difficult to treat. Men develop pathologies of the genitourinary system, which lead to infertility and impotence.

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