Parasites In The Lungs In Humans - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

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Parasites In The Lungs In Humans - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment
Parasites In The Lungs In Humans - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Parasites In The Lungs In Humans - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

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Video: PARASITES Symptoms in Human Body 2023, February
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Causes and treatment of parasites in human lungs

Content

  • 1 Symptoms
  • 2 Why parasites choose the lungs
  • 3 Diagnosing the problem
  • 4 What helminths can live in the human body
  • 5 Treatment of worms in the lungs

Worms in human lungs most often appear after the digestive tract has been infected. Regardless of which class the parasites belong to, they enter the human body in the same ways: through dirty hands, unwashed food, poorly prepared meat and fish products.

Symptoms

Regardless of the type of helminth that entered the patient's body, at an early stage, the parasitic disease will manifest itself with identical symptoms, regardless of the patient's lifestyle and his age. As the disease progresses, specific symptoms may be added.

Some parasites have a long incubation period, during which they practically do not manifest themselves in any way. According to the latest observation, the symptoms of worms in the lungs at an early stage are very similar to those of a respiratory illness.

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In connection with mild specific symptoms, the wrong treatment is often prescribed, for example, for a cold, which not only does not bring the expected result, but also contributes to the deterioration of the patient's health.

Initially, infection with parasites is expressed in the form of increased fatigue and a feeling of weakness throughout the body, in problems with the digestive tract, belching, vomiting and nausea, regardless of the food consumed, and an increase in temperature.

These symptoms indicate that helminthic invasions began to poison the patient's body with the products of their vital activity. It is important to detect the problem at an early stage and start fixing it, otherwise the disease will progress and affect more and more internal organs.

Worms in a patient's lungs most often appear six months after infection. The problem may be accompanied by an unreasonable cough, shortness of breath, and other symptoms of a respiratory illness. Worms in the lungs often cause allergic skin reactions.

Why parasites choose the lungs

Doctors insist that parasites do not specifically choose this or that organ for parasitism. For a harmful organism, the main thing is that there are enough nutrients at the attachment site and there is enough space for growth. It is the latter factor that forces helminths to migrate throughout the body in search of a suitable place to live.

From the digestive tract with a long course of the disease and the absence of proper treatment, worms migrate most often to the lungs

The parasite cannot get into the lungs right away, first it needs to get rid of the protective shell. The shell dissolves under the action of enzymes in the digestive system, after which the worm is easily introduced into the vessels and migrates to the lungs.

You can suspect the presence of parasites in the lungs by the following symptoms:

  1. Cough for no reason;
  2. Severe shortness of breath appears, even with moderate physical activity;
  3. On examination, your doctor may hear noises in your lungs as you breathe.

    Cough for no reason
    Cough for no reason
    Lung noise
    Lung noise
    Severe shortness of breath appears
    Severe shortness of breath appears

In advanced cases, parasitic invasion can provoke pulmonary hemorrhage and cause hemoptysis.

Diagnosing the problem

It is possible to identify helminths in human lungs only with the help of hardware techniques. Most often, the patient seeks medical help in advanced cases, when the disease provokes strong heart murmurs and causes hemoptysis.

If helminths have recently entered the lungs, it will not be possible to detect them with the help of hardware examination due to their small size. Blood tests and antibody tests can help identify the problem.

A blood test can be taken at any medical institution. The results obtained will help not only to establish the type of parasite that is in the patient's body, but also the period that has passed since the moment of infection.

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With the help of additional diagnostic studies, it is possible to determine the degree of intoxication of the body and damage to internal organs by helminthic invasions.

A blood test for helminths in the lungs is more informative than a stool test. So, the study of feces often does not reveal signs of the parasite.

What helminths can live in the human body

A person for helminths can act as a permanent, intermediate or accidental host.

Most often, the following types enter the body:

  • Ascaris;
  • Pork and bovine tapeworm larvae;
  • Echinococcus.

Some parasites can grow up to several meters in length. In places where helminths penetrate, focal infections appear, resembling purulent formations in appearance.

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Pork tapeworm in the lungs promotes the proliferation of connective tissues that cover the internal organs. Irreversible changes take place in the body, small bubbles are formed, inside which are the larvae of parasites.

In the later stages of the development of the disease, the bubbles begin to burst, additional infectious foci are formed. At this stage, it is impossible to get rid of worms with the help of drug treatment; patients are referred for surgical treatment. Occasionally, the rupture of the parasite capsule produces symptoms similar to those of asthma.

Penetration into the lungs of echinococci causes the development of numerous cysts. The problem has the following symptoms:

  • Severe pain in the lungs, aggravated by palpation;
  • When palpating, you may feel small lumps on the skin in the chest area.

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In patients with weak immunity, the penetration of parasites into the lungs is accompanied by severe allergic reactions in the form of skin rashes

Treatment of worms in the lungs

If helminths are detected in the lungs in the early stages of infection, the attending physician may prescribe a wide range of anthelmintic drugs (Mebex, Vormil, Termox, Piperazine, etc.). The dosage is selected individually in each case and depends on the severity of the disease and the patient's age.

Remember that you cannot prescribe medication for worms on your own. All products contain toxic substances that negatively affect the human body, especially if the dosage is chosen incorrectly.

Be prepared for the fact that it can take a long time to make an accurate diagnosis in the presence of worms in the lungs. Sometimes patients are referred for inpatient treatment.

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As mentioned above, the problem of parasites in the lungs with a drug method can be eliminated only at an early stage of the disease. In advanced cases, after examining the patient and familiarizing himself with the results of diagnostic studies, the doctor may prescribe surgical treatment.

It is worth noting that in cattle it is impossible to detect the presence of worms in the lungs using differential diagnosis. So, in the early stages of the disease, the problem practically does not manifest itself in any way, and the infection can be detected only after an autopsy.

To prevent the appearance of parasites in the lungs, simple preventive measures must be followed:

  1. Be sure to wash your hands before every meal, after using the toilet, after contact with animals and after walking outside;
  2. Raw vegetables and fruits must be washed before use under running water;
  3. Water from natural sources must be boiled before drinking;
  4. Examine raw meat carefully for cysts of parasites;
  5. Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat or fish.

As a preventive measure, you can use an effective folk remedy against worms: a glass of pumpkin seeds is passed through a meat grinder, the resulting mixture is mixed with a tablespoon of May honey and a glass of milk. The remedy is taken on an empty stomach. You can repeat taking the drug several times a year.

When the first symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor, the sooner the problem is identified, the more effective the treatment will be.

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