Table of contents:
- Review of popular antiparasitic drugs for the treatment of children
- Danger is everywhere: ways of infection
- Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
- How is the treatment carried out
Video: Antiparasitic Drugs For Children - The Choice Of The Best
2023 Author: Riley Dean | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 09:15
Review of popular antiparasitic drugs for the treatment of children
- 1 Everywhere danger: ways of infection
- 2 Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
- 3 How is the treatment carried out
- 4 Mebendazole
- 5 Pirantel
- 6 Levamisole
- 7 Albendazole
- 8 Piperazine
Parasitic infections can lie in wait for a person every day. This can happen when visiting public places, traveling by transport, or eating insufficiently processed foods. A child has a much higher chance of picking up parasites than an adult.
Children's personal hygiene skills are not yet fully developed, in addition, preschool institutions and playgrounds are often the source of infection.
To protect your child from such a formidable enemy, it is necessary literally from the cradle to teach the baby to wash his hands regularly, not to bite his nails and not to stroke other people's animals. At the same time, these measures do not always provide effective protection, and if the infection does occur, do not hesitate. Antiparasitic drugs for children in pharmacies are presented in a wide range.
To find out the features of taking some popular remedies, our article will give detailed information on the main types and methods of treatment.
Danger is everywhere: ways of infection
The statistics on parasitic infections are pretty disappointing. Even in countries with well-developed medicine and a high standard of living, parasite infestation occurs in 40-50% of the population. Of course, even this information is very approximate, because not everyone undergoes examinations.
Sooner or later, most parents face the problem of helminthic invasion, because babies love to pull all surrounding objects into their mouths. It is simply incredible to ensure ideal cleanliness in the room, and the risks of getting infected by uninvited guests in a sandbox or kindergarten increase many times over.
The main routes of infection:
- When eating contaminated foods;
- From a sick person or animal;
- On contact with objects containing parasite eggs;
Using unboiled low-quality water for food.
Very often, remedies for parasites for children are used from the arsenal of traditional medicine, but this issue is very complex and often very dubious. Not trusting the pharmaceutical industry and using herbal medicines on a child, parents risk no less than using pills for parasites for children.
The fact is that even the original recipes have come down to us in a modified state, and the components often have a toxic effect on a growing organism. In addition, it is very difficult to calculate a safe portion for babies of different ages and sizes.
Modern drugs for parasites for children are deprived of this deficiency, as a rule, the dosage is calculated by the weight of the child, as well as depending on the severity and type of damage.
Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
Laboratory tests will help to accurately determine the infection with parasites. Usually this is a coprogram and scraping for enterobiasis. These examinations are done quickly and free of charge in a polyclinic or hospital, but they are not very informative.
A detailed blood test (ELISA) will give more accurate information about the infection, but it can only be taken in a paid laboratory. In any case, such examinations are carried out as prescribed by a specialist if a parasitic infection in the body is suspected.
The following signs should alert:
- Weakness and apathy of the child;
- Itching in the anus;
- Abdominal pain of unknown etiology;
- Frequent digestive disorders;
- Loss of appetite, or its increase;
- Nausea and vomiting, frequent belching;
- Lack of weight, pallor of the skin;
- Dark circles under the eyes;
Frequent walks in public places (parks, playgrounds), visiting kindergarten or school, having a pet in the house, or just the bad habit of pulling everything in your mouth and biting your nails.
All of these factors increase the chances of contracting one of the many types of human parasites. In this case, it is necessary to give medicine for parasites for children and for prophylactic purposes, but only after agreeing with the pediatrician on the appropriate drug and dosage.
How is the treatment carried out
Parasites that can live in the human body are very numerous, therefore, the drug must be selected depending on the type of helminths. It should be noted that medicines for parasites for children are very toxic and have a wide list of contraindications.
If the dosage and frequency of administration are observed, the risk of side effects is minimal, but such treatment should be prescribed by a specialist (pediatrician or parasitologist), taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism and the severity of the invasion.
Main active ingredients:
Depending on the composition, the remedy for parasites for children has a different dosage and affects different stages of the disease.
When treating a child, it is very important to maintain an optimal balance of effectiveness and safety, so self-medication will not be justified in any case.
More details about each active substance, as well as antiparasitic drugs for children of different types are discussed in the information provided.
Mebendazole products are considered the best option for curing protozoa parasites in a child's body. This substance is quite effective in relieving worms, but the risk of side effects is minimal. After ingestion, nausea, headache, and other symptoms of discomfort may occur, but they usually go away quickly without consequences.
Preparations with mebendazole:
The drugs of this group are quite toxic, help to quickly get rid of common types of helminths, and are also used in the treatment of mixed forms of invasions. The tablet form of the drug has been used from two years old, but there are also special suspensions that can be given to children of the youngest age.
Preparations containing pyrantel do not have a strong toxic effect and can be used for children from six months of age. This is usually the first remedy that a pediatrician can recommend for treating a child under two to three years of age.
The treatment is calculated in such a way that it is necessary to re-admit it after 10-14 days. This will allow you to get rid of the eggs, or rather the newly hatched larvae. The disadvantage of these funds is a rather low efficiency, but for most parasitic invasions, such drugs will be sufficient.
Products containing pyrantel:
The medicine is usually used for ascariasis, enterobiasis, non-kotorosis and ankylostomiasis. In severe cases of infection and mixed invasions, it is more expedient to use stronger drugs.
Active active ingredient - levamisole has the strongest effect on the body. Used as directed by a doctor, preferably in a hospital setting. Preparations of this group will help even with mixed invasions and severe cases of infection with non-kotorosis. The most famous drug with the active ingredient levamisole is "Dekaris".
Side effects almost always occur and include digestive disturbances, headaches, muscle aches, thirst, and dizziness. In some cases, the drug provokes seizures, loss of consciousness and sleep disorders.
According to the instructions, the remedy can be used from the age of three, but pediatricians prescribe this medication no earlier than the age of five years precisely because of the large number of negative reactions. Ideally, treatment should take place under medical supervision in a hospital setting.
There are quite a few medications for children with parasites with albendazole, but before taking it, you should be familiar with the possible risks. The fact is that such funds are not only highly effective, but also toxic to the child's body.
At the same time, the drug demonstrates a good effect in the treatment of most types of parasitic infections (ascariasis, toxocariasis, enterobiasis, necatorosis and other types of infections).
Reception without fail must be agreed with a doctor who will help you choose a safe dosage. Not used to treat parasites in children under three years of age.
After taking it, it is necessary to provide the most comfortable conditions, reduce the load and organize a gentle diet.
Drugs in this group:
The most common post-intake complaints include nausea, headache and mood swings. The child may experience pain in the abdomen, intense thirst, dizziness and itching. In severe cases, intoxication of the body manifests itself, up to loss of consciousness.
The peculiarities of using piperazine preparations are an exceptionally mild effect on the body. Among all antiparasitic drugs, these are the ones that can “boast” the minimum risk of side effects. That is why such medicines are indicated for young children, as well as in the presence of contraindications to taking other medicines.
The mechanism of action is also a characteristic difference. The drug does not kill worms, but paralyzes their muscular system. After that, they come out of the stomach and intestines naturally with the next bowel movement.
They are usually used to get rid of worms and pinworms, and after a few days, the reception must be repeated, because the effect of the active substance does not apply to the larvae and eggs.
Release form - tablets and capsules, as well as suspension for the smallest patients. The cost of such funds is also relatively low. The disadvantage of taking drugs containing piperazine is the low effectiveness.
Usually, such funds can be used to prevent and mild cases of helminthic invasion. If the body is damaged by different types of helminths, as well as in the case of a serious condition of the patient, other drugs and their combinations are used.
Antiparasitic drugs for children are diverse, because the modern pharmaceutical industry annually replenishes the list of such drugs. At the same time, a reasonable choice must necessarily be agreed with the attending physician, and, if possible, with a narrower parasitologist. This will save the fragile body from strong toxic effects, because all such drugs are inherently poisonous.
The peculiarities of taking such drugs, as well as which tablets are suitable for children from parasites - all the necessary information is presented in our article.
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