Table of contents:
- Variants of using Vermox for parasites in the body
- Features of the composition
- Operating principle
- Application features
- Side effects
- Interaction features
- Storage rules
Variants of using Vermox for parasites in the body
- 1 Features of the composition
- 2 Principle of operation
- 3 Indications
4 Application features
- 4.1 Rules for the treatment of children
- 4.2 Features of use during pregnancy
- 5 Contraindications
- 6 Side effects
- 7 Overdose
- 8 Features of interaction
- 9 Storage rules
- 10.1 Decaris or Vermox?
- 10.2 Pirantel or Vermox?
- 10.3 Nemozole or Vermox?
- 11 Reviews
Vermox is an effective antiparasitic drug, the active substance of which is mebendazole. With the help of this tool, it will be possible to cope with roundworms, parasitic worms, pinworms and many other types of worms. To achieve a good effect, it is very important to consult a doctor before using the product and strictly follow the instructions.
Features of the composition
Drug release form
The drug is released in tablet form. The active ingredient is mebendazole. Each tablet contains 100 mg of this component. Additional ingredients include lactose monohydrate, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium saccharinate.
The price of vermox depends on a variety of factors. The key is the policy of the pharmacy and the drug manufacturer. On average, the cost of a substance is 100 rubles.
The drug is an anthelmintic drug that has a broad spectrum of action. This means that the substance acts on many parasites. The most pronounced effect is achieved with trichocephalosis and enterobiasis.
The medicine leads to irreversible disruption of metabolic processes in helminths. Thanks to its use, glucose utilization is disrupted, the amount of glycogen decreases, the production of tubulin and ATP is suspended.
The drug is practically not absorbed in the intestines. The agent is 90% bound to the protein elements of the blood. The half-life of the substance takes 2.5-5 hours. The agent accumulates in the larvae of worms, liver, and adipose tissue. The metabolism of the substance occurs in the liver. Approximately 5-10% of the drug is absorbed, after which it leaves the body through the kidneys. More than 90% of the product is excreted with feces.
The drug is used in such situations:
- Ascariasis - pathology is provoked by roundworms and large roundworms;
- Enterobiasis - this pathology is the result of the activity of parasitic worms in the intestines and pinworms;
- Hookworm - the pathology is provoked by hookworms, it often leads to anemia;
- Teniosis - is an infection with pork tapeworm larvae, often provoking the development of anemia;
- Trichocephalosis - the disease is the result of the ingestion of a roundworm-whipworm into the body, it provokes complex pathologies of the digestive system;
- Mixed helminthiasis - in this case, helminthic invasions of different types are observed.
The tablets are suitable for oral use. They are recommended to be taken after meals. Instructions for the use of Vermox recommends the following treatment options:
- With the development of enterobiasis, adult patients are recommended to use 1 tablet. Re-take the remedy after 2 and 4 weeks. This helps prevent worsening of the disease.
- In the event of ascariasis, teniasis, trichocephalosis and a mixed form of the disease, the agent is taken 1 tablet in the morning and in the evening. This should be done for 3 days.
- With the development of trichinosis, the amount of the drug is 400 mg three times a day. Thus, the remedy is consumed for 3 days. Then, from 4 to 10 days, 5 tablets are shown three times a day.
Therapy should be carried out under the strict supervision of a physician. It is recommended to pay special attention to the condition of the liver. It is also imperative to monitor the functioning of the kidneys and monitor blood counts.
It is important to take into account that during the day after using the drug, it is forbidden to take alcoholic beverages, fatty foods, laxatives. After completion of therapy, smears and feces should be analyzed for 7 days to determine the presence of helminths and their eggs.
Treatment rules for children
In the warmer months, many babies face the risk of infection with worms. To cope with the problem, doctors prescribe antiparasitic drugs.
The instruction for Vermox for children recommends the following treatment options for enterobiasis:
- Children 2-5 years old are shown a quarter of a tablet once. The product must be reapplied after 2 and 4 weeks. This will help prevent re-infection.
- Children 5-10 years old are prescribed half a tablet 1 time. This amount must be re-taken after 2 and 4 weeks.
- Children over 10 years of age are recommended to use 1 tablet by mouth. The agent is used again after 2 and 4 weeks.
For other forms of helminthic invasion, it is recommended to use 1 tablet of the drug twice a day. It should be treated in this way for 3 days. The medicine must be taken orally and washed down with a small amount of water.
To achieve good results, it is important to administer anthelmintic treatment to all family members. Only this will help to completely cope with parasites.
The active ingredient of the drug adversely affects the condition of the liver. Therefore, during the period of therapy, a diet must be followed. The child's diet should not contain fatty or spicy foods.
For children under 2 years old, the doctor selects the dosage individually. The tool can be used only in extreme cases. In children, such drugs often provoke allergies, nausea and vomiting. Therefore, after the completion of anthelmintic therapy, many doctors recommend supportive treatment for babies. For this, sorbents and choleretic agents are prescribed for the child within 10 days.
Features of use during pregnancy
In the first trimester of pregnancy, it is prohibited to take any drugs. Otherwise, there is a risk of deviations in the development of the child. Some drugs are unable to cross the placenta and therefore do not affect fetal development after 16 weeks. It is during this period that the placenta completes its formation.
A certain amount of the active ingredient of the drug enters the bloodstream. Therefore, the medicine can affect the child. However, there is no exact information regarding such an impact.
Doctors say that the most dangerous effect on the body of a pregnant woman is a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells. Under the influence of the drug, there is a threat of anemia.
With hemoglobin, oxygen enters the child's internal organs. If this is not enough, there is a risk of developing hypoxia. This leads to problems in the development of the child's nervous system. Therefore, it is so important to abandon any self-medication options during pregnancy. Doctors do not prescribe Vermox while carrying a child.
Contraindications to Vermox include the following:
- Children less than 2 years old;
- High sensitivity to drug ingredients;
- The presence of ulcerative colitis;
- Crohn's disease;
- Liver failure.
The medicine should not be taken during lactation. During the carrying of a child, Vermox is discharged with great care.
There is a risk of unwanted health effects when using the substance. Most often, the consequences are associated with damage to the digestive system. In the case of an accumulation of dead parasites in the intestine, an obstruction appears. Also, many people experience vomiting and diarrhea.
The second category of side effects of Vermox is due to the stress on the liver. As a result, there is a change in the parameters of laboratory tests. The sclera and skin take on a yellow tint. After long-term therapy, isolated cases of hepatitis were recorded.
The nervous system reacts to the use of the drug with headaches and dizziness. If the hematopoietic system is damaged, there is a risk of a violation of the number of leukocytes. First of all, there is a decrease in the volume of neutrophils and an increase in the number of eosinophils. They are responsible for allergies in the body.
When helminths decay, toxic substances enter the bloodstream. This increases the tendency of the human body to allergic reactions. In addition, long-term use of Vermox leads to a decrease in the production of hemoglobin and red blood cells. Therefore, therapy should be carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor and laboratory parameters. Allergic reactions can manifest themselves in the form of skin rashes, swelling, hair loss.
If there is a persistent appearance of adverse reactions, you will have to refuse to take the drug and carry out treatment, which includes washing the stomach with a solution of potassium permanganate and the use of a sorbent - enterosgel or activated carbon. This will help to significantly speed up the elimination of the drug from the body.
When using an excessive amount of the drug, there is a risk of abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea. High dosages of the drug can cause liver damage. In some cases, this is fraught with the development of hepatitis and neutropenia.
To cope with the symptoms of an overdose, it is necessary to perform a gastric lavage, provoking vomiting. Also for this purpose, you can use an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate, mixing 20 mg of the product with 100 ml of water. After that, you should drink activated carbon.
When vermox is combined with levamisole or lipophilic agents such as metoprolol, the overall toxic effect on the patient's body increases. The patient's liver may not be able to cope with this influence. Therefore, it is forbidden to take such funds at the same time.
When a substance with cimetidine, which is used to treat digestive disorders, is used, the content of mebendazole in the blood increases. This can seriously harm the person.
It is not recommended to combine Vermox with laxatives. Such combinations can provoke long-term damage to the digestive system. It should also be borne in mind that Vermox leads to a decrease in the need for insulin in people with diabetes.
Vermox and alcohol are incompatible concepts. The prolonged effect of the drug and the harmful effects on the liver lead to the fact that a person is prohibited from taking alcohol for another day after the end of therapy.
Vermox can be stored for 5 years. The product must be kept out of the reach of children. The temperature should be 15-25 degrees. Before using the substance, you should consult your doctor.
Analogs of Vermox include drugs that are used to treat the same pathology, but have different active ingredients. They may differ in their principle of action, have various contraindications and side effects. Therefore, if the agent is intolerant, only a doctor can select a replacement. The specialist must take into account the diagnosis and condition of the patient.
The main analogs of the substance include:
Decaris or Vermox?
Many patients are interested in: Vermox or Decaris - which is better? The active ingredient in decaris is levamisole. This is a very well-known remedy that most successfully copes with ascariasis. A characteristic feature of this composition is the ability to stimulate the immune system. In some situations, it is prescribed for this very purpose.
Decaris cannot be counted among the prophylactic agents. It only helps to get rid of existing worms. Prescribe this medication for adult patients and children over 3 years old.
Vermox can be prescribed in different courses - from 3 days to 4 weeks. This is done depending on the type of helminth. Decaris is used once.
In some situations, doctors prescribe both drugs at the same time. Decaris is used to weaken parasites as it reduces their activity. Vermox helps to completely remove worms from the body. This method is significantly more effective than monotherapy. However, the appropriateness of this method should be discussed with your doctor.
Pirantel or Vermox?
Vermox or pyrantel - which is better? This question is also relevant for many. The active ingredient in pyrantel is the substance of the same name. It is used for the treatment of ascariasis, trichocephalosis, enterobiasis.
Pirantel is not able to prevent infection with helminths, but it helps to remove them if the infection has already occurred. This remedy provokes paralysis of the muscle tissue of the worms, after which they leave the body with feces.
The drug practically does not enter the bloodstream when used orally. It works primarily in the intestines. Pirantel should be taken once at a dosage of 10 mg per 1 kg of human weight. The tablet should be chewed thoroughly.
It is forbidden to take medicine during pregnancy. Also, limitations include kidney pathology and high sensitivity to the substance.
Vermox has a wider scope of application, but has a lot of side effects. Pyrantel is produced as a suspension. Therefore, children of school age when detecting helminth eggs are recommended to take this particular drug.
Nemozole or Vermox?
Many people are interested in: nemosol or vermox - which is better? The active ingredient in nemosol is albendazole. It is prescribed for helminthic invasions, giardiasis and various forms of helminthiasis. Often nemosol is combined with decaris. Vormil is a synonym for this substance.
Numerous reviews of Vermox confirm the high effectiveness of this substance.
Vermox is a very effective medicinal substance that helps to cope with the main categories of worms. To achieve good results, it is very important to strictly adhere to medical recommendations.