Ureaplasmosis - Why Is It Dangerous? Consequences And Danger For The Husband. And Wives

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Ureaplasmosis - Why Is It Dangerous? Consequences And Danger For The Husband. And Wives
Ureaplasmosis - Why Is It Dangerous? Consequences And Danger For The Husband. And Wives
Video: Ureaplasmosis - Why Is It Dangerous? Consequences And Danger For The Husband. And Wives
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What is the danger of ureaplasmosis for men and women

Content

  • 1 More about the disease

    • 1.1 Important nuances
    • 1.2 Negative consequences
  • 2 Danger to men

    • 2.1 Effect on sperm
    • 2.2 Major diseases
    • 2.3 Deep aspects of the problem
    • 2.4 Sexual aspect
  • 3 Danger to women

    • 3.1 Ureaplasma and pregnancy
    • 3.2 Perspectives for pregnant women
    • 3.3 About defects and the course of pregnancy

Most people, having heard the diagnosis of ureaplasmosis, do not know how dangerous this ailment is. It is a big mistake to underestimate the severity of this disease. In fact, any disease that has been ignored for a long time will sooner or later be supplemented by a number of complications. The longer you ignore the problem. The more difficult it will be to cure the disease.

More about the disease

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Ureaplasma

Ureaplasmosis belongs to the category of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. About 75% of all women are carriers of the infection. The main danger is that they are not even aware of it. The disease is asymptomatic or not, but the woman will infect all her sexual partners.

The causative agent of ureaplasmosis is ureaplasma. Why this form of life is dangerous can be considered for a very long time. Microorganisms are particularly miniature in size. They are able to "attack" their victim sexually, or they pass to the child in a transplacental way.

Activation of pathogenic microflora, in particular ureaplasma, occurs at the time of a sharp drop in the body's supporting functions, when the immune response is too low. A similar problem often arises in patients after suffering severe stress or prolonged psycho-emotional stress.

Important nuances

After infection with the pathogen, it can take more than a month until the first "alarm calls" appear, and in some situations, no external changes, in principle, will be observed. Latent carriage, which contributes to such a wide spread of infection among the population, is inherent more in women than in men, but everyone suffers from the disease itself to the same extent.

The reason for "female carriage" lies in certain hormonal transformations. With the restructuring of the mucous membrane under the influence of certain hormonal substances, any pathological microorganism (in particular, ureaplasma) can penetrate into the woman's body, but not manifest itself in any way. At the same time, the pathogen can be in the body for several decades, completely without giving itself out.

By the way, the female body undergoes hormonal changes very often. These are individual moments of the menstrual cycle that occur every month, and pregnancy, and abortions or miscarriages, and even taking oral contraceptives.

Negative consequences

Any long-term (albeit rather sluggish) disease of an inflammatory nature is fraught with a number of complications. Over time, dysfunction of the affected organ develops, and the local immune response also suffers. These negative transformations further exacerbate both the symptomatology and the further course of events.

Danger to men

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Danger to men

Ureaplasmosis, first of all, negatively affects the reproductive potential of men and women. For women, this is fraught with problems with conceiving and bearing a child. Men mistakenly believe that they cannot be particularly affected by infection. In fact, this is far from the case. The consequences of ureaplasma for them are fraught with inflammatory reactions of the reproductive and urinary system.

As a rule, the clinic of ureaplasmosis in men is poor. Minor pain and cramps may occur during urination. However, these symptoms are inherent in many other diseases, and in some situations, men completely ignore this symptomatology.

Effect on sperm

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Effect on sperm

The main danger lies in the fact that microorganisms are able to fixate on sperm. This enables the pathogen to freely pass from the carrier into the body of a healthy person, immediately infecting him. It is not difficult to guess that the presence of such a "load" negatively affects the sperm cells themselves.

They get much slower. Namely, the probability of getting pregnant depends on the speed. The higher the titer of the pathogen, the slower the sperm will move, and this means the chances of successful conception will rapidly decrease. In severe cases, the causative agent of ureplasmosis is able to completely kill its "cabbies".

Major diseases

Often, pathogenic microflora is represented by more than one ureaplasma. The consequences of activating a mix of infections in the male body are much more deplorable. In this case, the clinical picture will be much richer, but there will be much more problems. The main diseases that pathogens can provoke:

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  • Urethritis - an inflammatory process in the urethra;
  • Orchitis - inflammation of the testicles;
  • Epididymitis is a disease that affects the epididymis;
  • Urolithiasis disease;
  • Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder;
  • Prostatitis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the prostate gland.

The deeper the ureaplasma penetrated, the more difficult it will be to cure the disease. Even if bacterial agents did not pass the ascending route to neighboring organs, but only caused urethritis, problems still remain. We are talking about the possible formation of strictures - narrowing of the urinary canal due to the appearance of scar tissue in the damaged areas.

The structures, in turn, lead to a violation of the outflow of urine. Because of this, a large number of bacteria accumulate in the areas. This can lead to secondary inflammatory reactions.

Deep aspects of the problem

If we consider the effect of ureaplasmosis on the body of men, it is worth focusing on the fact that potential complications go far beyond the boundaries of those diseases that were mentioned earlier.

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In addition to infertility in men and women, the bacterium can actively move in the body and cause reactive arthritis. This type of ailment affects patients regardless of gender. With this specific form of pathology, not only the joints of the elbows and knees, but even the phalanges of the fingers, swell, ache and lose their basic functions.

If the pathogen gets to a person during oral sex, the bacteria can actively multiply on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. The result is angina.

Ureaplasma is able to easily invade any other ailment, complement the clinical picture or aggravate the inflammatory process, which initially had nothing to do with the genital area. Against the background of exacerbation of ureaplasmosis, other pathological microorganisms easily join the pathological process.

If in the human body there were other specific pathogens (chlamydia, gonococcus, Trichomonas), they can also begin to actively develop in such favorable conditions. In addition, stress, alcohol intake, vitamin deficiencies and other common factors can aggravate the situation.

Sexual aspect

Another important complication that is important to mention is sexual dysfunction. Decreased fertility can occur to the same extent in men and women. Patients at different stages of the disease notice a loss of sexual desire, a weakening of sexual sensibility.

Danger to women

Ureaplasma is found in women twice as often as in men. Patients also tend to ignore the problem. Meanwhile, ureaplasmosis is dangerous with a number of pathological conditions:

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  1. Cystitis;
  2. Salpingitis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the fallopian tubes;
  3. Vaginitis - inflammation of the vaginal mucous membranes;
  4. Cervicitis is an inflammatory disease of the cervix;
  5. Endometritis - inflammation of the lining of the uterus;
  6. Neoplasia of the cervix is ​​a pathological process, accompanied by the formation of specific cellular formations that are prone to malignancy at any stage of development;
  7. Frozen pregnancy;
  8. Miscarriages;
  9. Abnormalities during pregnancy;
  10. Reversible infertility;
  11. Irreversible infertility.

Ureaplasma and pregnancy

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Ureaplasma and pregnancy

Ureaplasma bacteria enter the vagina sexually and, under favorable circumstances, can cause diseases of various kinds. From the vagina, the pathological process and the pathogen itself can immigrate into the urethra, bladder, cervix and the uterus itself.

In the overwhelming majority of cases, ureaplasmosis behaves "quietly". Often, women find out about their pregnancy and that they have ureaplasmosis at almost the same time. It is almost impossible to treat the disease while carrying a child. In this case, the pathogen can cause serious damage to the fetus.

Infection of the child occurs through the placenta, as well as when passing through the birth canal at the time of birth. With this method of infection, the ureaplasma is capable of "attacking" the body especially aggressively. Newborns may have pneumonia with a high degree of probability, transforming into a chronic form, as well as blood poisoning or meningitis, an inflammatory process that affects the mucous membranes.

Even a relatively small titer of ureaplasma during pregnancy will contribute to the development of other serious diseases of the genitourinary system. Given the fact that pregnancy itself is a certain stress for the female body, it will be extremely difficult to avoid problems in any of the trimesters.

Prospects for pregnant women

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Once upon a time, the diagnosis of ureaplasmosis in the early stages of pregnancy was a direct indication for termination of pregnancy. It was believed that the disease would in any case lead to the development of serious abnormalities in the fetus or cause a frozen pregnancy.

Modern medical practice has proven that with ureaplasmosis it is realistic to give birth to a healthy child. But still, the bacterial flora will negatively affect the fetus throughout pregnancy.

If the pathogen enters the first trimester, the infection can enter the fetal bloodstream. This becomes the cause of various developmental disabilities. However, the maternal organism is trying in every possible way to protect the future offspring, exposing itself to blow. In this case, pathological loosening of the cervix may occur.

About vices and the course of pregnancy

Today it is generally accepted that ureaplasma itself is not capable of causing any abnormalities in the fetus. However, the pathogen is capable of causing diseases and pathological processes that will harm the unborn baby, in particular premature birth, miscarriages, and pregnancy fading.

Often, the infection becomes the cause of polyhydramnios and fetoplacental insufficiency. The child may experience hypoxia, which in turn can lead to malformations.

Having considered all aspects of such a complex problem, one firm conclusion can be made - planning a pregnancy can only be after a comprehensive examination. If ureaplasma is detected, treatment should be started immediately and only then should the conception of a child begin. This applies not only to women, but also to men. Taking care of your reproductive health should always be long-term. Sexual aspects and fertility should always be normal.

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