Table of contents:
- Reasons for the development of chlamydia in children, treatment features
- The reasons for the development of chlamydia in children
- Symptoms, main manifestations
- Diagnostic measures
- Prevention of chlamydia in childhood
Video: Chlamydia In Children - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention
Reasons for the development of chlamydia in children, treatment features
- 1 The reasons for the development of chlamydia in children
- 2 Symptoms, main manifestations
- 3 Diagnostic measures
- 4 Treatment
- 5 Prevention of chlamydia in childhood
Chlamydia in children is increasingly diagnosed in the hospital, despite the fact that many consider this disease to be venereal. Babies become infected from their parents. If the mother was diagnosed with chlamydia during pregnancy, it is impossible to take strong antibacterial drugs during this period. The probability of infection of a child during childbirth is 70% if he goes through the birth canal. Sometimes babies become infected through the placenta, but thanks to the reliable placental barrier, this probability is minimized. Modern medicine makes it possible to prevent such cases, to avoid infection of a newborn with chlamydia, but for this, parents need to take a responsible attitude to their health, not hide their diagnoses from doctors and undergo all mandatory examinations during pregnancy.
The reasons for the development of chlamydia in children
The reasons for the development of chlamydia in children
Often, chlamydia infection of a child is carried out during his birth. It is also possible to acquire a disease in childhood in other ways. Young children lack their own acquired immunity. Until a certain point, it is protected by maternal immunity. It is transmitted through breast milk, but if the mother is infected, the bacteria will enter the body along with the breast milk. It is highly likely that the child in this case will simply be a carrier of the infection. He becomes infected, but at the same time receives antibodies to the infection. It does not manifest itself as unpleasant symptoms in childhood. There is a chance that the disease will manifest itself later, with a sharp decrease in immunity, after other serious diseases.
Even if the mother does not breastfeed, or she is not infected with chlamydia, and another relative of the child suffers from this ailment, the baby can become infected. In the first weeks of life, newborns are susceptible to the external effects of viruses and bacteria. To become infected with chlamydia in childhood is also possible through the air.
Symptoms, main manifestations
Symptoms of pathology
If in adults chlamydia affects the genitourinary system, provoking prostatitis in men, and in women inflammation of the appendages, uterus, then in children the disease manifests itself in the form of a sore throat, conjunctivitis. The bacterium multiplies on mucous membranes, penetrates into the cellular structure of tissues and parasitizes there, feeding on the energy of human cells. Chlamydiae can migrate through the body. If the disease manifests itself in the form of a sore throat, plaque, suppuration, the focus of infection is now here, but infection can occur in another way.
Among the symptoms of chlamydia in children, which should be paid attention to, the following are important:
- Bad mood;
- Constant crying;
- Sleep and wakefulness disorders;
- Refusal to eat;
- Inflamed eyes, pus on the mucous membrane.
A small child cannot explain that he is bad, that something hurts him badly. He just constantly cries and is capricious. Parents should not attribute these symptoms to the individual characteristics of the child, his character. You must immediately see your doctor. See your pediatrician. If one of the parents or other relatives living with the child already has chlamydia, it is imperative to inform the doctor about this. It will be easier for him to make the correct diagnosis.
To prescribe a comprehensive treatment, you must first undergo a comprehensive diagnosis. For this, a scraping is done from the site of lesion of the mucous membranes. If chlamydia manifests itself in the form of conjunctivitis, then a biomaterial is taken from the conjunctival sac. If the child has a sore throat, then a scraping is done from the larynx. Additionally, a venous blood test is taken. Carrying out this procedure with a small child is problematic. Not all laboratories offer this service. you need to look for a decent medical center with experience in treating such small patients. Experienced manipulative nurses will take the necessary tests. The term for laboratory tests is 1-5 days. After that, you will be given an accurate diagnosis.
The attending physician is responsible for decoding the results. He also prescribes further treatment, constantly monitors the health of the little patient. On the basis of scraping and a blood test, it is possible to determine the degree of damage to organs and tissues, the causes and methods of infection of a particular patient.
Treatment of the disease
Chlamydia is a bacterium that has the properties of a virus, so traditional antibacterial treatment is not suitable in this case. An analysis for sensitivity to antibiotics is mandatory, and those drugs are prescribed to which the bacterium will accurately respond. Together with these drugs, immunomodulators are used, which help in the formation of the immune system of the growing organism, special drugs that restore the functions of the liver and kidneys. These organs suffer greatly due to the impressive drug load. After the completion of the main stage of treatment, vitamins and minerals are used, which also have a positive effect on the immune system. At the same time, all tests are taken on a new one to assess progress.
In rare cases, when the symptoms of childhood chlamydia are especially pronounced and intense, hospitalization is offered. There is no need to refuse, because the baby will be under constant supervision and supervision of specialists. Mom and baby spend 1-2 weeks in the hospital. symptomatic treatment is also used. If the child has a sore throat, age-appropriate antiseptics are recommended. Inflamed eyes are constantly washed with cleansing solutions, instilled with drops that relieve the inflammatory process.
Prevention of chlamydia in childhood
Treatment of chlamydia in children is a complex, long-term process, accompanied by various complications. It is in the interests of parents to use preventive measures for this disease not only in children, but also in themselves. a child can only become infected from an adult, but if the parents do not change sexual partners, they protect themselves, then chlamydia will not be able to enter the body. In the first year of a baby's life, it is necessary to limit contact with strangers to the maximum. Until your own immunity has developed, any disease will manifest itself with serious symptoms.
To protect yourself and your children, you need to control your own sexual intercourse, strengthen your immunity - spend more time in the fresh air, but not in crowded places, move more, lead an active lifestyle.
Chlamydia in children, newborns appears more and more often. Parents are to blame for this, they are unable to protect themselves or their children. Each adult bears full responsibility for the health and life of his own child. Chlamydia can be avoided by following the simple guidelines above.