Table of contents:
- What are the symptoms of worms in humans?
- Symptoms of ascariasis
- Symptoms of teniarhynchiasis (bovine tapeworm infection)
- Symptoms of enterobiasis
- Symptoms of toxocariasis
- Diphyllobothriasis symptoms
- Symptoms of teniasis
- How to find out if there are worms in the body
- Echinococcosis symptoms
- Alveococcosis symptoms
- Giardiasis symptoms
- Symptoms of non-coronary disease
- Symptoms of schistosomiasis
- Forewarned is forearmed: first signs of infection
Video: Worms In Humans, Symptoms And Treatment Methods
What are the symptoms of worms in humans?
1 Symptoms of ascariasis
1.1 Signs of ascaris worms
2 Symptoms of teniarhynchosis (infection with bovine tapeworm)
2.1 Signs of bovine tapeworm helminth infection in humans
3 Symptoms of enterobiasis
3.1 Symptoms of worms in humans
- 4 Symptoms of toxocariasis
5 Symptoms of diphyllobothriasis
5.1 Signs of worms (broad tapeworm) in humans
- 6 Symptoms of teniasis
- 7 How to find out if there are worms in the body
8 Symptoms of echinococcosis
8.1 Symptoms and signs of human infection with worms
9 Symptoms of alveococcosis
9.1 How to determine if a person has worms
10 Symptoms of giardiasis
11 Symptoms of non-coronary disease
11.1 How to know if a person has worms
12 Symptoms of schistosomiasis
12.1 Symptoms of the disease: how to recognize trouble
- 13 Forewarned is forearmed: first signs of infection
In total, there are several hundred types of helminths. A detailed listing of all of them would take a whole treatise (moreover, most of these parasites enter the human body only in extremely rare cases). Therefore, we will consider the main types of worms and signs of infection with them.
Symptoms of ascariasis
Ascaris Lumbricoides (they are also roundworms) are roundworms from the order of nematodes. Parasitizing in the small intestine, they reach up to 25 cm (males) or 40 cm (females) in length, and up to 6 cm in width. Ascariasis, as a rule, does not lead to death, but it may well provoke the appearance of dangerous complications and diseases.
The main representatives of the risk group are children 3-7 years old (due to a superficial attitude to hygiene rules) and adults who suffer from weakened immunity.
Signs of ascaris worms
Ascariasis is devoid of specific symptoms inherent only to him and no other disease. Therefore, if a person is generally healthy and does not have chronic pathologies or diseases, infection can be asymptomatic for a long time.
However, with massive helminthic invasion, the following symptoms are clearly visible:
|In the intestinal stage|
|Dysentery, diarrhea mixed with constipation.|
|Hysterical seizures, sleep problems, convulsions.|
|Itching in the anus.|
|Suppuration and inflammation of the skin.|
|A sharp deterioration in appetite and weight loss.|
|Cramping pains in the navel and iliac region.|
|Amblyopia, anisocoria, and other vision problems (rare).|
If you ignore the symptoms described, over time you will have to attend to not only how to be treated for worms, but also how to eliminate the consequences of their vital activity.
Meanwhile, the complications of ascariasis include:
- Purulent cholangitis;
- Bowel obstruction;
- Pancreatitis in the acute stage;
- Hepatic abscess;
Therefore, it is not worth delaying treatment.
Symptoms of teniarhynchiasis (bovine tapeworm infection)
Teniarinhoz is a parasitic disease caused by bovine tapeworm (one of the representatives of the tapeworm species). This parasite lives in the small intestine, and enters the human body through raw or insufficiently processed meat. Therefore, the disease is most common among villagers, farm workers and meat processing plants.
Bovine tapeworm is one of the largest helminths: its length often reaches 10 m. The average lifespan of the parasite is 18-20 years, while the carrier becomes infectious within 2-4 months after infection.
Signs of bovine tapeworm helminth infection in humans
The vital activity of parasites in the body is associated with a number of symptoms noticeable to humans, including:
- Severity and cramping abdominal pain;
- The appearance of a regular urge to vomit, heartburn, belching;
- Flatulence and bilious colic;
- Deterioration of the condition of the skin, nails, hair;
- Weight loss due to increased appetite and increased salivation;
- Allergic rash and itching;
- Sleep problems, irritability, fatigue;
- Lowering blood pressure;
Enlargement of the tongue, the appearance of cracks on it.
At the same time, signs of the presence of worms do not always appear. Sometimes the only symptom of infection is the appearance of segments of the worm in the feces (which, due to their microscopic size, are not so easy to notice). Meanwhile, the disease is extremely dangerous.
So, in pregnant women, infection can provoke severe toxicosis, premature birth and even miscarriage. The rest of the presence of bovine tapeworm in the body threatens mechanical intestinal obstruction, cholecystitis, pancreatitis and a number of equally unpleasant sores.
Symptoms of enterobiasis
This disease is caused by pinworms - round nematodes, popularly also known as worms. Parasites live in the large intestine, clinging to its walls with small suction cups located along the mouth opening. In length, the worms reach no more than 0.5 cm (males) or 1 cm (females). Infection occurs by contact of a person with a carrier of worms.
Moreover, not only people can be distributors, but also animals, birds and even some insects (for example, flies or cockroaches).
Symptoms of worms in humans
The life span of helminths is only a few weeks, however, during this time they lay several clutches of eggs, in connection with which the patient experiences the following symptoms:
- Frequent headaches and dizziness;
- Sleep problems;
- Decreased working capacity, increased fatigue;
- Nervousness, irritability;
- Allergic rash, sometimes crusty;
- Pain in the belly button area caused by irritation of the peritoneum;
- Decreased hemoglobin levels;
Endometritis and vaginitis (in women).
If there is at least one infected person in your immediate environment, it is almost impossible to stay healthy. Therefore, if at least someone from your family has the above symptoms, it will not hurt to get checked by a doctor for everyone, including animals.
Symptoms of toxocariasis
Toxocars are worms from the genus of roundworms. In length, these parasites reach 8 cm (females) and 12 cm (males). A person, although he is not their own owner, can become infected with toxocars by swallowing their eggs with water or food, or by coming into contact with infected animals (cats, dogs) or their excrement.
The key feature of this parasite is that once in the intestine, the larvae do not remain in place, but migrate through the bloodstream to various organs. As a result, inflammation, tissue necrosis, and violent allergic reactions are observed in the injured areas.
The symptomatology of the disease depends on the form in which it proceeds. In total, it is customary to distinguish 4 forms of toxocariasis:
- Visceral, when the larvae settle in those internal organs where the blood flow was not too intense.
- Ophthalmic, when parasites attack the organs of vision and can damage the optic nerve.
- Cutaneous, when the worms move directly into the thickness of the skin.
- Neurological when the larvae destroy the brain.
Depending on the form of the disease, its symptoms will be expressed as follows:
|Eye shape||Cutaneous form||Neurological form|
|Swelling and redness of the eyelids||Feeling of movement under the skin.||Convulsions, epileptic seizures.|
|Painful sensations.||Minor tissue necrosis.||Problems with the vestibular apparatus.|
|Orbital hyperemia||Painful sensations.||General weakness, muscle atrophy.|
|Deterioration of vision.||Obsessive itching.||Hysteria, groundless aggression.|
|Bulging of the eyeball.||Inflammation.||Sharp headache.|
|Astigmatism.||Increased body temperature.||Gushing vomiting.|
|The outlines of the parasite under the eyelid||"Patterns" on the skin, repeating the path of movement of the larvae.||Frequent fainting, possibly coma.|
In addition to the above symptoms, a person, regardless of the form of the disease, will suffer from allergic dermatitis, Quincke's edema, attacks of bronchial asthma, general weakness and fever.
Infection with this parasitic infection begins with infection of the body with a wide tapeworm. As a tapeworm, this parasite enters the body with food, or rather, along with the infected fish that you eat. Also, the risk is posed by the dishes on which the food was cut and served. The length of worms in the human body can reach 10 m, and in addition to a person, his pets also get into the affected area: cats and dogs.
Signs of worms (wide tapeworm) in humans
For a long time (up to 60 days), infection is asymptomatic. But in the future, a person is observed:
- Vomiting, abdominal pain in nature resembling contractions;
- Accelerated fatigue;
- Rapid weight loss against the background of increased or decreased appetite;
- Particles of the body of the tapeworm in the feces;
- Anemia, loss of sensation;
Deterioration in blood composition.
If you let the disease take its course, this will lead to an enlargement of the spleen, a sharp decrease in the secretion of gastric juice, hepatomegaly, and other serious consequences.
Symptoms of teniasis
The appearance of pork tapeworm in the body leads to indigestion and various neurological disorders. Failure to fight this tapeworm in time can lead to cysticercosis of the brain and eyes. The parasite reaches 4 m in length and lives in the intestines. Infection occurs when a person drinks raw water, eats meat from an infected pig, or does not follow basic hygiene rules (the latter is rare).
How to find out if there are worms in the body
As a rule, a person learns about the infection one and a half to two months after infection. The initial symptoms are always the same:
- Vomiting, diarrhea, diarrhea;
- Decreased appetite and, as a result, gradual weight loss;
- Abdominal pain of varying duration and character;
- Loss of sleep, increased fatigue. Fainting;
- Weakening of immunity, a person begins to get sick more often.
Further symptoms depend on which organ was affected. So, the attack of helminths on the brain is expressed by cerebral hypertension and hydrocephalus, paroxysmal headaches and dizziness, impaired speech function, as well as pain when turning the head. The patient has a deterioration of the heart, the development of meningitis.
If eye contamination occurs, then:
- The eyeball atrophies;
- The person gradually becomes blind;
- In the place where the larva is located, a tumor forms;
The vitreous body becomes thinner.
Ignoring the problem leads to the development of conjunctivitis, retinitis and even complete blindness.
Echinococci are parasites belonging to the genus of tapeworms. Infection with a name in our country is not so common (no more than 5 cases per 10 thousand people), but it will not hurt to study the symptoms of infection.
Infection occurs orally when a person eats unwashed vegetables and fruits, the meat of infected livestock that has not undergone heat treatment, or when a patient comes into contact with the excrement of an infected animal, things with which he came into contact.
In the future, this leads to the formation of cysts in the lungs of the liver and other internal organs of a person, and, as a consequence, a malfunction of these very organs occurs, as well as a powerful allergic reaction, which sometimes flows into anaphylactic shock.
Symptoms and signs of human infection with worms
The process of development of the disease has three stages, each of which is characterized by its own symptoms:
- Hidden period. At this stage, the larvae are only being introduced into the tissues, their reproduction is asymptomatic.
- Clinical stage. In the area of cyst formation, pain appears. A person feels unreasonably weak, itchy skin, interruptions in the work of the organ affected by the cyst.
- Complication stage. This stage begins with the rupture of the cyst, which is accompanied by fever and powerful intoxication.
As a result, among other things, the patient will also have to be treated for pleurisy or peritonitis.
The reason for the development of this parasitic disease is the penetration of alveococci (tapeworms) into the body. The main danger is metastases, the presence of which in the patient's brain is often fatal.
The worms themselves rarely exceed 3.5 mm in length. Penetrating parenchymal organs (lungs, brain, liver), they are able to be active in the very first days of infection, and they can secretly parasitize. In the second case, it can take up to 10 years before the onset of pronounced symptoms. Throughout this time, the patient will suffer only from hives or itching, but nothing more.
How to determine if a person has worms
But when the disease turns into a progressive or malignant stage, the following symptoms can be observed:
- Dull pain in the hypochondrium;
- Nausea, flatulence, heaviness in the stomach;
- Liver hardening and deterioration of its work;
- Increased fatigue and weakness;
- A sharp weight loss and the development of neuroses on this basis.
Infection occurs when personal hygiene is not followed. So next time you don’t want to wash your hands or decide to eat food that falls on the floor, think twice if it’s worth it.
After the ingestion of lamblia (protozoan flagellate microorganisms), an infected patient develops giardiasis, a protozoal disease that affects the small intestine. Infection occurs from person to person or from animal to person according to the fecal-oral scheme. The patient becomes contagious 1-3 weeks after infection.
Ignoring the problem leads to a deterioration in immunity, permanent diseases and exacerbation of chronic diseases. This is especially true for the digestive system.
A sure sign of the presence of worms in a person is an allergic reaction, which in a short time develops to bronchial asthma. It will not be possible to get rid of the consequences even after the complete cure of giardiasis.
Therefore, you should consult a doctor as early as possible, as soon as you notice in yourself:
- Problems in the work of the digestive tract and digestive organs;
- Frequent headaches;
- The appearance of drowsiness and irritability, decreased ability to work;
- Changes in skin color: manifestation of an icteric tint on the neck, in the armpits and on the abdomen;
- The appearance of skin rashes, asthmatic bronchitis, urticaria;
- The formation of punctate swellings that cover the shoulders and heels with a rough crust and are highly flaky;
- Skin lesions at the fingertips;
- Development of aphthous stomatitis, inflammation of the border of the lips;
Continuous weight loss, which is accompanied by vitamin deficiency, thinning and brittle hair, splitting nails, etc.
Symptoms of non-coronary disease
Nonatorosis is a disease caused by nematodes (roundworms from the nematode group). Parasitizing in the small intestine and duodenum, the worm reaches 9 mm (male) or 11 mm (female). Infection occurs orally when a person eats unwashed vegetables and fruits or drinks tap water, as well as when the larva comes into contact with the skin.
Having reached puberty, the female lays several thousand eggs every day, which is why the infection is very active and can lead to the development of hypochromic anemia, dyspepsia, damage to the central nervous system and other negative consequences.
How to know if a person has worms
The symptomatology of the disease depends directly on the activity of the parasite. So:
- When the larvae begin to penetrate the skin, the patient has itching in the affected area, an allergic rash, edema and a burning sensation. As a rule, this period does not last very long: up to 10 days. However, rashes and swelling may persist for several more months.
- The next stage is migration. At this stage, the larva travels through the human body, injuring his respiratory tract and internal organs. This is expressed in an unreasonable cough, the appearance of shortness of breath, a general deterioration in well-being, as well as the appearance of hoarse notes in the voice.
The final stage is intestinal. Once in their usual habitat, the worms begin to actively destroy the intestinal mucosa. Initially, this manifests itself in the form of iron deficiency anemia, and general weakness. In the future, problems begin on the part of the central nervous system, there are: increased irritability, early fatigue, problems with sleep and even fainting. Further parasitism of worms in the gastrointestinal tract leads to the development of duodenitis. Accordingly, the patient has all the symptoms associated with this disease: appetite worsens, the sense of taste dulls or perverts, the stool becomes unstable (constipation alternates with diarrhea), and dull pulling pains in the abdomen are also observed.
Symptoms of schistosomiasis
The fluke schistosoma is an obligate parasite with the simplest life cycle. The larvae enter the human body not only orally, but also through the mucous membranes and through the skin. One female lays up to 3 thousand eggs per day, therefore, having started the disease, it will not be easy to cure it. Meanwhile, schistosomiasis is fraught with a number of negative consequences, the weakest of which is the swelling of the infected organs.
Symptoms of the disease: how to recognize trouble
Depending on the stage at which the disease is, its symptoms will manifest themselves in different ways. So:
- At the first stage, the patient will develop allergic rashes that look like hives, as well as swelling. The body temperature will rise, sweating will increase, muscle pain and joint aches will occur. Periodic cough is possible, as well as hemoptysis.
- The next stage is chronic. At this stage, the disease is extremely sluggish. The patient has problems and pains when urinating, as well as significantly worsens appetite. There are periodically aching pains in the abdomen, diarrhea begins. Blood impurities can be found in the feces.
The last stage is lethal. If nothing is done before this time, the person will die.
Forewarned is forearmed: first signs of infection
Like any other parasite in the animal kingdom, worms do everything so that the owner finds them as late as possible. However, the human body is not that simple. He begins to react almost the very moment of infection. Therefore, it is necessary to know the main signals for help and respond to them in time.
So, it does not hurt to go to the doctor if you have the following symptoms:
- Unstable stools (diarrhea mixed with constipation);
- Muscle pain and joint aches;
- Unreasonable weight gain or loss;
- Weakened immunity, allergic reactions, skin problems;
Problems from the central nervous system: interrupted sleep, increased irritability, decreased performance.
As you can see, there are a lot of parasitic diseases, and some of them have quite similar symptoms. Therefore, even if you learn how to remove parasites from the body