Table of contents:
- Popular medicines against tapeworms in humans
- What is a tapeworm
- Types of tapeworms
- Preparations for tapeworms
Video: The Best Medicine For Tapeworms In Humans - TOP
Popular medicines against tapeworms in humans
- 1 What is a tapeworm
2 Types of tapeworms
- 2.1 Bull tapeworm
- 2.2 Pork tapeworm
- 2.3 Ribbon broad
- 2.4 Echinococcus
- 2.5 Dwarf tapeworm
- 3 Treatment
4 Preparations for tapeworms
- 4.1 Praziquantel
- 4.2 Nitazoxanide
- 4.3 Niclosamide
- 4.4 Albendazole
Neither people nor animals are insured against the appearance of tapeworms in the body. Children are especially susceptible to infection with tapeworms. The unpleasant thing is that the presence of parasites in our bodies does not manifest itself in the early stages with any symptoms. It is almost impossible to immediately make the correct diagnosis and begin timely treatment.
Is it possible to get rid of parasites quickly? Modern medicine for tapeworms in humans allows them to be expelled fairly quickly. Let's tell you more.
What is a tapeworm
What is a tapeworm
Tape worms belong to the group of helminths that parasitize the human intestine. Due to the fact that they have poorly developed food and nervous systems, they lead an exclusively parasitic lifestyle. In tapeworms, the reproductive system works perfectly, due to which they multiply very quickly and perfectly adapt to various habitat conditions.
A tapeworm is a flattened ribbon divided into several pieces. It has a head located on one side of the tape, and on it there are numerous suckers and tentacles, with the help of which it is firmly attached to the mucous membrane of the internal organs of humans and animals.
Reproduction of parasites occurs continuously, due to the fact that each part of the tape has its own uterus, which lays a huge number of eggs. Their vitality is simply amazing.
With a long stay in the human body, helminths can cause various pathologies, which are quite serious. In some cases, tapeworms are the cause of cancer.
Types of tapeworms
Types of tapeworms
Tape worms include:
- Bovine tapeworm;
- Pork tapeworm;
- Wide ribbon;
- Dwarf tapeworm.
The bull's chain is distinguished by an impressive length, which can reach 10 meters. You can become infected with it if you eat meat and fish dishes that are not thermally processed or poorly fried. It is also possible to pick up the parasite if you taste the semi-finished product when cooking. The bovine tapeworm reproduces by self-fertilization. About 200 eggs can be laid in one piece of tape. The parasite itself lives in the human intestine, and the habitat of the larvae is the musculature of cattle. Once in the human body, after 3 months the larva becomes an adult, which lives quietly in the human body for 3 years.
The presence of a bovine tapeworm in the body causes a disease called teniarinhoz.
The disease manifests itself:
- General malaise;
- Pain in the abdomen, aching or cramping;
- Nausea or vomiting that comes on suddenly for no reason;
- Irritability and fatigue;
Symptoms of teniarhynchiasis are similar to those of pancreatitis, cholecystitis or appendicitis, therefore, in order to make the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to pass tests for laboratory research.
The parasite has a head with suction cups, with the help of which it firmly settles on the intestinal walls. You can get it by eating poorly roasted pork. The pork tapeworm can live in the human body for a very long time - for 20 years. Such a neighbor causes teniasis, the main symptom of which is loose stools. If the parasite larvae get into a person, they penetrate the muscles and the brain, causing cysticercosis, which manifests itself as aching in bones and muscles, as well as general weakness. Epileptic seizures are a frequent companion of cysticercosis.
Together with the blood, the larvae of the parasite can freely penetrate into any organ of the body and accumulate there. The severity of the disease depends on their number.
The most common parasite with the largest size. Its length often reaches 25 meters. The appearance and structure of the worm are similar to the structure and appearance of the rest of the tapeworm class. They become infected with the tapeworm when eating poorly fried, dried or raw fish. The eggs of the parasite live and mature in water. Larvae hatch there and, also, can live in water for a long time. They are fully formed, falling into crustaceans called cyclops, which fish feed on. Most often, the tapeworm lives in fish species such as omul, perch and pike. Infection with a wide tapeworm is called diphyllobothriasis.
Its symptoms are manifested:
- Abdominal cramps;
- Vomiting, nausea, indigestion, diarrhea, constipation;
- Weakness, fatigue, dizziness, fever;
- Allergic reactions;
- Dramatic weight loss.
Echinococcus is the most dangerous representative of its class. You can get rid of it only with the help of surgery. They become infected with the parasite as a result of contact with sick animals. Echinococcus has a small size - up to 5 mm, but it is terrible because it forms cysts up to 7 cm in diameter. An adult has 4 suckers, due to which it is firmly attached to the intestinal walls.
Symptoms of the disease manifest themselves depending on where the parasite is located. Most often, it lives in the liver. In this case, a person will feel pain under the ribs on the right side, accompanied by diarrhea, and if the bile ducts are compressed, jaundice may occur.
If the echinococcal cyst is located in the lungs, chest pain and shortness of breath will be present. Often there is a cough, mainly at night, in which sputum is released with impurities of blood.
After making the correct diagnosis, treatment for echinococcus should be carried out immediately, otherwise, the disease can threaten with sad consequences, for example, a cyst breakthrough into the abdominal cavity, which is fraught with abscess and blood poisoning.
Its dimensions reach only 5 cm. Infection with the parasite occurs due to non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene, for example, through dirty hands, raw water or poorly washed fruits and vegetables. The presence of a dwarf tapeworm in the body causes a disease such as hymenolepiasis.
The symptoms of hymenolepiasis are manifested by the occurrence of:
- Poor appetite;
- Dramatic weight loss;
- Abdominal pain.
This type of parasite is the easiest to diagnose.
In order to prescribe adequate treatment, the doctor needs to make the correct diagnosis. Often, medications are not able to rid a person of the presence of a parasite in his body due to the high resistance of the latter to one or another drug. Then surgery is shown. In other cases, drugs are prescribed for tapeworms in humans, of which there are quite a few.
Preparations for tapeworms
A timely visit to a doctor and an accurate diagnosis make it possible to quickly get rid of worms with the help of a medicine for tape parasites in humans.
In modern pharmacology, there are various tablets for tapeworms, which will destroy an uninvited guest in a short time, however, it should be borne in mind that such drugs have sufficient toxicity, so they should only be used strictly according to the doctor's prescription and under his careful supervision.
The most effective medications for tapeworms:
Among the drugs for tapeworms, Praziquantel is considered the most popular and effective.
The action of the tool is aimed at destroying the protective shell of tape worms. When Praziquantel is taken orally, the muscles of the worm contract. As a result, paralysis occurs, after which the parasite leaves the person naturally. Another use of the drug disrupts metabolic processes in worms, depriving them of aerobic respiration.
Praziquantel begins its action 20-30 minutes after administration. Once in the stomach, the pill is almost completely absorbed into the bloodstream and concentrates there after 1.5-2 hours, and after 24 hours it leaves with feces and urine.
The drug acts on:
- Dwarf tapeworm;
- Bovine tapeworm;
- Pork tapeworm;
- Wide ribbon.
The product is released in tablets of 0.6 g.
Applied during meals, without chewing, once in a dose of 0.05 g per 1 kg of body weight.
Do not use Praziquantel when:
- Severe pathologies of the kidneys and liver;
- The presence of pork tapeworm larvae in the eyeball;
- Allergic reactions to the components of the drug.
Also, do not use the drug to treat children under 4 years of age, with 1 trimester of pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The medicine can cause many side effects:
- Allergic manifestations (rash, itching, hives, swelling and difficulty breathing);
- From the digestive system - nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, diarrhea with blood inclusions);
- On the part of the nervous system - headache, dizziness, increased blood pressure, disorientation in space and lethargy;
- Pain in muscles and joints.
If the above symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Due to its high toxicity, the drug is not used for more than 2 days.
The price of Praziquantel ranges from 350 to 800 rubles. for a pack of 6 pills. The difference in price depends on the pharmacy chain and its location.
This drug from Germany is relatively new. It was approved for use in Russia only in 2002. Nitazoxanide is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic agent. It can be used when several types of parasites are affected at once.
The medicine works by killing tapeworms by absorbing enzymes necessary for their normal functioning.
Available in the form of tablets and suspensions. The carton contains 90 pills of 500 mg. Suspension - 100 mg of active ingredient per 5 ml.
Nitazoxanide is notable for the fact that it is used for treating children, including children under 1 year of age.
The drug is used not only to get rid of tapeworms, but to treat dysentery, rotavirus infection and influenza A virus.
Treatment with the drug is carried out no more than 3 days. The dosage is 100 mg twice a day with meals.
When treating with Nitazoxanide, side effects may occur in the form of:
- Abdominal pain.
The price of the medicine is high. A pack of 90 tablets costs 150 euros. It can only be purchased at online pharmacies.
Niclosamide is used for infection:
- Bovine chain;
- Dwarf tapeworm;
- A wide ribbon.
The action of the drug lies in the fact that it causes paralysis of the muscles of the worms, as a result of which the parasites cannot move and become fixed on the intestinal walls. After ingestion, Niclosamide is not absorbed into the bloodstream, but is concentrated in the digestive enzymes of the stomach, which destructively affect the parasites, subjecting them to slow digestion. Simultaneously with the drug, it is recommended to use a saline laxative, which promotes the rapid removal of the worm from the intestines.
Available in the form of chewable tablets 250 or 500 mg. The package contains 30 or 60 pills.
The treatment is carried out within 4 days. The dosage is calculated based on the patient's body weight. The usual daily dose is 3 g taken at a time. You need to drink a pill with a 0.5% soda solution.
When is contraindicated:
- When infected with pork tapeworm;
- If there are severe liver and kidney pathologies;
- If you have a stomach ulcer;
- In cases of anemia;
- Pregnant and elderly people;
- With individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
What side effects may occur when using Niclosamide:
- Allergic reactions, manifested by itching, hives, edema, etc.;
- Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting;
- Stomach ache;
- Exacerbation of atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis).
The price of the medicine is 180 rubles. per packing.
The drug is effective against all types of tapeworms, including echinococcus. Its peculiarity is that it destroys not only adults, but also larvae.
Once in the body, the drug acts destructively on the intestinal cells of the worms, affecting the biochemical processes and blocking the normal intracellular migration of cell organelles, the synthesis of ATP in the tissues of their muscles, thereby causing the death of parasites. Concentrates in blood plasma 4-5 hours after administration. It is excreted in bile and urine.
The drug is produced in the form of tablets 0.4 g and suspension.
The dosage is calculated depending on the patient's body weight. With a weight of no more than 60 kg, take 15 mg of medicine per 1 kg of body weight. If the patient weighs more than 60 kg, then the recommended dose is 0.4 g twice a day. Treatment is carried out from 8 to 30 days. In cases of echinnococcosis, three courses of 28 days are carried out with intervals of 2 weeks.
- Children under 2 years old;
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- Intolerance to the components of the drug.
Care should be taken when:
- Diseases of the liver and kidneys;
- Retinal pathologies.
Side effects may occur:
- Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain;
- Migraine, dizziness, headache;
- Change in blood composition;
- Allergic manifestations;
- Disorders of the liver, kidneys, increased blood pressure.
If these symptoms occur, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The price of the medicine is about 220 rubles.
To avoid the use of highly toxic drugs, you should protect yourself from the appearance of "uninvited guests". It is quite simple to do this: do not eat raw meat and fish, carefully process these products thermally, do not eat dirty vegetables and fruits, do not drink raw water, observe the rules of personal hygiene. By following these simple rules, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from unpleasant diseases.