Prevention Of Enterobiasis - Preventive Measures And Control Rules

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Prevention Of Enterobiasis - Preventive Measures And Control Rules
Prevention Of Enterobiasis - Preventive Measures And Control Rules

Video: Prevention Of Enterobiasis - Preventive Measures And Control Rules

Video: Prevention Of Enterobiasis - Preventive Measures And Control Rules
Video: WHO: What are the core components for effective infection prevention and control? 2023, March

Preventive measures against infection with enterobiasis


  • 1 Enterobiasis - decoding of the term
  • 2 Why is it difficult to remove pinworms
  • 3 Rules for the fight against enterobiasis

    3.1 Public prevention of helminthic invasion

  • 4 If the fact of pinworm infection is detected
  • 5 Home prevention of pinworm infection
  • 6 What should parents do if a child has enterobiasis?
  • 7 In conclusion

The coexistence of people with different types of microbes, viruses, bacteria, worms and other animals has both positive and negative results for human health. Infection of the body with parasites is one of the serious problems even in modern society, in which a lot of attention is paid to hygiene and the prevention of diseases.

Prevention of enterobiasis is set as the main task not only for medical institutions, but also for parents, employees of budgetary organizations, regulatory agencies, in order to exclude mass infection with helminths from the group of nematodes. It should be remembered about the principle of preventive measures so that everyone can independently resist infection or correctly approach treatment when helminths are detected.

Enterobiasis - decoding of the term



Detection in the body of traces of the presence of pinworms or worms is diagnosed as enterobiasis. This is a separate type of helminths that parasites on humans, causing a lot of unpleasant consequences:

  • Decreased appetite;
  • Itching in the anus;
  • Severe cramps in the intestines;
  • A number of diseases that cannot be cured due to the presence of helminths;
  • Weakening of the immune system;
  • Restless behavior, especially during a night's sleep;
  • Allergy;
  • Digestive disorders;
  • Mood swings;
  • Cough that does not go away if the worms parasitize in the respiratory tract.

Many symptoms can be confused with other diseases, if you do not conduct an examination for enterobiasis.

Why it can be difficult to remove pinworms


Infection routes

A person becomes infected with pinworms through the mouth when he touches his lips with dirty hands, sticks his fingers in, takes food. The eggs of the worm can get on the hands and safely go into the oral cavity, and from there into the intestines. The infection process takes 3-4 hours. Two weeks after their appearance, the eggs mature to the stage of female and male. The intestines have all the conditions for fertilization of the female and her exit into the rectum to lay a new portion of eggs.

After laying, the female dies and, together with the feces, goes outside. But at the same moment the eggs leave the rectum and can remain on the underwear, in the perineum, on the bed. If you scratch an itchy place, then pinworms will remain on your hands. If hygiene rules are not followed, they again enter the mouth, and then into the intestines. The process can be repeated endlessly, and even drugs will not be able to destroy the worms in full. Pinworms settle into dust particles, stick to surfaces, and every touch of an infected area or inhalation of dust becomes a reason for a new enterobiasis.

Pinworm prevention is important for both healthy people and those already infected with worms

Rules for the fight against enterobiasis

You can get infected with worms anywhere, because there are a lot of sources on which pinworms settle. The problem of preventing infection with worms is dealt with at the state level. But in every family, these rules must be observed no less carefully, especially if there are children and animals.

Public prevention of helminthic invasion

To prevent mass enterobiasis, medical staff and representatives of the sanitary-epidemiological service have special rules for identifying infected persons and temporary isolation from society at the stage of treatment.

  1. Checking of employees of institutions related to the service sector is being carried out. Specialists and all personnel of childcare facilities (kindergartens, schools, universities, clubs, sections). Children are most susceptible to the possibility of helminthic invasion. There is a special regulation on the timing of testing for worm eggs.
  2. Children of preschool age, especially when entering kindergarten, and primary school students are subject to mandatory testing for enterobiasis. Before entering school, every child must pass this test, because over the summer there is a risk of pinworm infection.
  3. Each patient, before admission to treatment (hospital), must undergo an analysis of enterobiasis. If the parents accompany the child to the hospital, then each person must confirm the absence of enterobiasis.
  4. To exclude infection with worms through food, all personnel of catering, grocery networks, industrial production of food products (bread, confectionery, dairy products and others) must be tested for enterobiasis.
  5. When going on vacation to a camp, a sanatorium, visiting the pool, adults and children are tested for worm eggs.
  6. The relatives and friends of the infected person are subject to mandatory examination for helminthic invasion if they live in the same territory or had contact in the near future. Pinworms are easily transmitted from person to person, and therefore require preventive analysis.

The increased attention to a certain group of people is not caused by accident. In large groups, the percentage of an outbreak of enterobiasis is higher due to the accuracy of people and the possibility of spreading to their families. If one person is infected with pinworms and this fact is not detected, then each of the environment is at risk.

In preschool institutions, educators and a medical worker conduct conversations about the prevention of enterobiasis in children. The focus is on hygiene that children should wash their hands:

  • After a walk;
  • Before every meal;
  • After using the toilet;
  • Before bedtime;
  • For any pollution;
  • Do not bite your nails;
  • Do not lick your fingers.

Preschool children spend most of their time within the walls of the kindergarten and it is the educators who can teach hygiene. At home, this work should be continued by the parents.

If the fact of pinworm infection is detected

With a routine examination for enterobiasis, a positive result can be found in one person or a group of people. Medical staff inform the patient about this fact and explain the treatment rules to him.

  1. First of all, the patient is isolated from the team (childcare, workplace). If enterobiasis is detected upon admission for treatment, to a camp, a sanatorium, then the appointed event is canceled. The only exception can be serious cases when there is a threat to life due to a serious illness.
  2. Common areas where the infected person was, are subject to sanitization with disinfectants. In kindergartens, all toys, bedding for each child, and other utensils are necessarily processed. If the staff of the institution cannot ensure the complete destruction of pinworm eggs, representatives of the sanitary and epidemiological service with special solutions are connected to the event.
  3. After two to three weeks, repeated monitoring is carried out to identify pinworms in children and adults who were in contact with the sick person, in order to exclude a new infection.

If the prescriptions for the prevention of enterobiasis in public places are carried out correctly, then outbreaks of helminthic invasion are excluded.

Home prevention of pinworm infection

The basic rules for the prevention of enterobiasis in the family can be divided into two categories:

  • Infection control measures while the test for worm eggs is negative.
  • When an episode of pinworm infection is diagnosed in a child or adult.

In the first case, the focus is on the hygiene of all family members:

  1. Frequent hand washing. The child needs to be reminded about this constantly until it is done automatically.
  2. Manicure of parents and a child, so that under the nails there are no conditions for the settlement of pinworms. Children love to bite their nails. This must be stopped.
  3. Wet cleaning of surfaces 2 times a week. Be sure to add a cleaning agent because the water may not kill the worm eggs if they appear in the house.
  4. Treat all products with water, preferably boiling water. Many vegetables, fruits, meat, fish can contain pinworm eggs on the surface, which easily enter the human intestines.
  5. Wash bed linen and personal items at a temperature of 60 degrees, no less, because pinworms die with such heating.
  6. If there are animals in the house that visit the street, you need to follow the schedule for treating them from worms, so as not to become infected by contact with your pet.

If the possibility of pinworms entering the body nevertheless has arisen, one cannot refuse to prevent enterobiasis in order to exclude repeated self-infection with worms. Such cases are possible in children who cannot control their actions. Hands reach everywhere. With itching in the anus, the child cannot resist and, when combing, can hook a portion of the pinworm eggs on his hands. In the future, the fingers get into the mouth and the infection goes on a new circle.

What should parents do if a child has enterobiasis?


What should parents do if a child has enterobiasis?

  1. To pass the test for eggs of the worm to all family members;
  2. Exclude for a while kisses and hugs with a child so as not to get infected;
  3. Monitor the baby's hygiene - wash it off with soap in the morning / evening and after each toilet, especially in large quantities;
  4. Daily change of underwear for all family members (it must be ironed);
  5. Daily replacement of bedding for each family member, because pinworms remain on the sheet, duvet cover and can again enter the intestines (it is possible to iron the bed daily if there is not a large supply of sets for all family members);
  6. Washing clothes at high temperatures;
  7. Wet cleaning with disinfectants at least once a day (all baby toys must be treated);
  8. Ensure that everyone uses their own cutlery, towel and other items;
  9. Carpets, rugs, curtains also require processing in order to prevent pinworms from settling on their surface;

  10. Add to the menu products that can expel pinworms from the body: pumpkin seeds, walnuts, juices from pomegranate, carrots, fresh garlic, herbal tea with St. John's wort, chamomile, tansy, mint, wormwood;
  11. All food must be well processed and cooked at a high temperature (exclude raw water without filtration);
  12. Monitor the child so that he does not pull his hands, toys and other objects into his mouth to avoid re-infection with enterobiasis.

If the methods of preventing pinworms during infection are not enough, the doctor prescribes drugs or an enema.

It is more difficult to remove worms from a child, because he cannot control his actions and follow the rules of hygiene. The parent needs to be patient and watch the baby all day, and even the night, when enterobiasis worsens - the female begins to actively move, which provokes intolerable itching. Caring for a child and following the rules for the prevention of pinworms is the main process of successfully driving out helminths once and for all.


Helminthic infection of both a child and an adult is a disease that requires compliance with the preventive instructions of doctors and employees of the sanitary and epidemiological service. If you do not neglect hygiene, monitor your diet and undergo constant examination for enterobiasis, you can avoid serious health problems. Dirty hands are the source of many diseases, not just worm infections. Any prevention is a guarantee of health.

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