Parasites In A Child - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

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Parasites In A Child - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment
Parasites In A Child - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Parasites In A Child - Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

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Video: Worm Infection in Babies - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment 2023, February
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Symptoms and methods of detecting parasites in a child

Content

  • 1 Parasites in a child are the main danger
  • 2 Ways of infection
  • 3 Negative consequences of infection
  • 4 Varieties of helminths
  • 5 Symptoms of parasites in children
  • 6 Analyzes and studies
  • 7 Parasites in the stool of a child
  • 8 Parasites in the blood
  • 9 Other research methods
  • 10 Treatment options
  • 11 Principles of therapy
  • 12 Preventive measures
  • 13 Worms in children and pets

Parasites in a child can develop from an early age. The presence of worms in the body is dangerous to health, they provoke numerous serious diseases.

The symptoms of parasites in a child do not appear immediately. This is the main problem faced by parents and doctors. Therefore, experts strongly recommend that you undergo all mandatory preventive examinations in a polyclinic, take tests prescribed by a pediatrician, and follow all the expert's recommendations.

There are many types of parasites that develop in the human body. A child is an optimal victim for worms, because his immune system is not yet able to fully resist worms.

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Many parents underestimate the problem, sincerely believing that there are worms in the body of every person, and the process of getting rid of them causes even more harm to health. This opinion is wrong.

It is enough to study the extensive list of the most common consequences of helminthiasis for children's health in order to immediately start examining the baby. Many adults have no idea how many common childhood diseases are provoked by worms.

Parasites in a child are the main danger

Parasites are very common in children. According to statistics, more than 80% of babies are infected with one or another type of helminths. Not all parents who suspect a child have such a problem go to the hospital for specialists.

Experts draw conclusions about the prevalence of the problem based on the volume of sales of anthelmintic drugs in pharmacies. Such medicines are sold in our country without a prescription, so any consumer can purchase them without hindrance.

The only problem is that adults begin to conduct meaningless experiments on their own children, risking harm to health by such thoughtless use of dangerous drugs

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If you suspect a child has been infected with worms, or this fact has already been identified with the help of tests, you should not self-medicate.

Be sure to contact your pediatrician. These specialists have impressive experience in dealing with worms in childhood, therefore they will be able to offer the optimal therapy regimen, based on criteria such as the patient's age, weight, concomitant ailments, and the type of helminths identified in the body.

If you treat only one child, then this process will not give positive results. Most likely, all family members are infected, so the therapy is extended.

Both parents and other adults living with the baby will have to go through the necessary tests and receive treatment. Only then will this process be effective.

You should know the main signs of parasites in children in order to consult a doctor in a timely manner.

Infection routes

Helminths enter the human body from the outside. There are several ways of infection:

  • Through the sand in the sandbox outside;
  • Through unwashed fruits, vegetables, other food products, consumed fresh;
  • Through pets;
  • From relatives.

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Insufficient heat treatment of meat and fish can also cause the spread of helminthiasis. This ailment belongs to the "diseases of unwashed hands."

If you follow hygiene, follow the basic rules - frequent hand washing, regular wet cleaning in the house, timely treatment of pets from parasites, then you can reduce the likelihood of infection.

Ways of infection by helminths depend on their varieties and characteristics of the life cycle. There are parasites that live inside a person for a long time. There are those who use the child only as a temporary refuge. Here they lay eggs, which are excreted in the feces, then enter the soil and actively develop there.

In this case, there is a possibility of self-infection through hands, bedding, and underwear. When eggs are removed from the body, they provoke itching in the anus. The baby itches, then takes his hands in his mouth, in this way, infecting himself again.

Negative consequences of infection

Parasites in a child provoke numerous negative consequences:

  • Lagging in physical and mental development;
  • Chronic intoxication of the body;
  • Serious allergic reactions;
  • Insufficient intake of nutrients into the body;
  • Suppression of the immune system, which contributes to the rapid infection with serious infections;
  • Ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract.

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With prolonged infection with parasites, getting rid of the negative consequences is problematic, therefore it is so important to monitor the condition of the baby, to pass all tests in a timely manner. Such precautions increase the chances of detecting helminths at an early stage of their development, when the parasites have not yet caused significant harm to the child's body. It is easier to deal with them at this stage.

Knowing about all the risks associated with helminthiasis, you cannot take it lightly. It is necessary to fight against worms, but this must be done under the supervision of experienced doctors and in ways that have a minimum of side effects.

Varieties of helminths

All over the world there are more than 300 different types of worms that can parasitize the child's body. More than 80 varieties are traditionally found in Eastern Europe, the rest can be infected after traveling to exotic countries.

There are three main groups of worms that develop in the human body:

  • Roundworms or nematodes - pinworms, roundworms, which are more common in children;
  • Tape or flat worms - tapeworms, tapeworms, echinococcus;
  • Trematodes or fluke parasites.

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These species develop differently in the human body. Various research methods and further therapy are used to diagnose them. This is another difficulty in identifying parasites in a child.

Not always common tests show infection, even if it is already there.

Traditionally, adults develop in the gastrointestinal tract, but there are exceptions when parasites in a child are detected in the liver, lungs, and muscle tissues. In rare cases, even the heart muscle is affected. Knowing this, it is necessary to take a responsible attitude towards preventive examinations of doctors, passing tests.

If a specialist recommends donating not only feces and scrapings, but also blood, urine, sputum, and other biomaterials, do not refuse diagnosis. Sometimes this is the only way to determine the presence of parasites in the body.

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Symptoms of parasites in children

Signs of parasites in a child's body manifest themselves in different ways, depending on the period of infection. The main problem is that many worms develop in the body without any symptoms. They can live here for several years, changing generations, infecting the child again and again, and the parents will not even guess about the problem.

Symptoms of parasites in children occur already with severe intoxication. At the slightest of their manifestations, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor. Sometimes urgent hospitalization is required to stabilize the baby's condition.

The symptoms of parasites in a child are as follows:

  • Unhealthy appetite without weight gain
  • Drastic weight loss;

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  • Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting;
  • Headaches, dizziness, other signs of severe intoxication of the body;
  • Bloating, flatulence;
  • Significant salivation, often uncontrolled
  • Drowsiness, fatigue;
  • Disorientation in space, loss of attention;
  • Sleep disorders, neurological manifestations;
  • Brittle nails, hair loss, other symptoms associated with insufficient absorption of nutrients by organisms;
  • Allergic reactions that have never been shown before;
  • Respiratory diseases, persistent runny nose with yellow-green discharge, prolonged dry paroxysmal cough.

    Paroxysmal cough
    Paroxysmal cough
    Persistent runny nose
    Persistent runny nose

These manifestations of parasites in children do not all occur together, but even the presence of one of the above problems should stimulate an urgent visit to a doctor and take tests. If the child is not feeling well, there is a reason.

Be sure to undergo a complete examination of the body. The specialist knows what research to prescribe, follow his recommendations. therapy of helminthiasis does not begin until the detection of worms in the body, their types.

Some drugs are designed for certain types of parasites and are ineffective for other types of them, so medications are selected specifically.

Analyzes and research

Knowing the signs of the presence of parasites in a child, you will be able to contact an expert in a timely manner, but it is better to be examined regularly to identify the ailment before it begins to manifest itself. The problem is that there is no universal analysis that allows you to immediately identify helminths and determine their belonging to a particular species. The child is invited to undergo the following diagnostic methods:

  • Analysis of feces for pinworm eggs and ascaris;
  • Scraping for enterobiasis;
  • Advanced biochemical blood test;
  • General urine analysis.

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During laboratory research, biomaterials are not only searched for traces of helminths and their eggs. An increase or decrease in certain biochemical parameters may indicate the development of foreign organisms inside the child.

Parasites in the stool of a child

Experts recommend taking stool, urine and blood tests every 6-12 months, even if the child is not complaining about anything. Moreover, it is advisable to repeat the analysis of feces in 2-3 weeks. This is to make sure there are no worms.

It is impossible to detect healthy adult helminths in feces. Traces of their eggs are often found here, drawing conclusions about the infection. But the periods of incubation of the future generation of parasites may not coincide with the time of delivery of tests, therefore it is recommended to take them several times at regular intervals.

Often, the child is prescribed a coprogram. This method of laboratory examination of feces includes macroscopic, microscopic and biochemical examination. Subject to the delivery of fresh biomaterial, traces of helminths can be detected.

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Also, a variety of scrapings from the anus for bacteriological cultures are also required. In this way, conclusions are also drawn about the presence of parasites in the child's body.

Parasites in the blood

The eggs of some parasites can be detected in venous blood, but this requires careful and expensive research. If you have the opportunity to contact a private laboratory and get tested on a paid basis, it is worth using it. A traditional biochemical blood test allows you to draw conclusions about certain problems in the body by changes in some indicators.

Thus, an increased number of eosinophils and a low level of hemoglobin at the same time indicate the development of parasites in the child's body. Only a doctor can decipher the test results. He looks at all the indicators, evaluates their relationship with each other, in order to assign additional studies later.

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Other research methods

Sometimes the child is prescribed X-ray examination, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, small pelvis, retroperitoneal space, MRI, CT, other methods of functional diagnostics to identify parasites.

First, you need to determine the place of their localization. In 90% of cases, parasites are detected in the digestive tract. In this case, analyzes of bile, stomach contents are prescribed, and gastroduodenoscopy is performed.

The above methods are expensive, they cause some discomfort, therefore they are prescribed only in extreme cases, when it is impossible to determine the type of infection by other methods.

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Treatment methods

There are many drugs, the action of which is aimed at destroying helminths, but the treatment of a child from parasites is carried out in slightly different ways. At first, specialists try to activate all the forces of the immune system, directing them to fight the disease, so that the body can cope with the problem itself.

Most of the drugs that kill parasites are poisons. They negatively affect the child's body, provoking various unpleasant consequences. If the elimination of helminths is carried out in a natural way, the body itself copes with the problem, then there are no side reactions.

When traditional medicines are used, such as Vermox, Levamisole, Albendazole, the treatment is carried out in several stages:

  1. Destruction of helminths;
  2. Their removal from the child's body;
  3. Fight against signs of intoxication, long-term use of sorbents;
  4. Restoration of body functions by taking probiotics, vitamin and mineral complexes.

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Such treatment essentially provokes poisoning in a child, therefore, it is impossible to use highly active drugs for worms for prophylactic purposes. Unfortunately, even from doctors one can hear recommendations regarding the compulsory preventive "worming" of children once a year.

Folk methods of dealing with worms in children are not used due to the lack of evidence of their effectiveness. children should not be given some decoctions, herbal tinctures because of the high risk of developing allergic reactions.

Principles of therapy

Drug therapy is carried out in several stages, followed by a period of long recovery, during which the immune system is vulnerable, therefore, children at this time are not recommended to visit preschool educational institutions, other places of mass gathering of people.

Treatment is carried out to all family members, because if worms are detected in a child, then there is a high probability of infection and everyone around. If you neglect this rule, then there is a high probability of re-infection. The problem is that the funds that were initially used in the treatment will no longer work in case of a relapse of the disease.

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The treatment period is long. It often takes several months, together with restorative therapy, but this is the only way to save the child from worms without negative health consequences and numerous adverse reactions.

Preventive measures

Prevention of worms in a child includes several mandatory points:

  • Compliance with the basic principles of personal hygiene;
  • Frequent wet cleaning indoors;
  • Thorough washing of fruits, vegetables, other products that are used without heat treatment;
  • Obligatory ironing of bed and underwear after washing at high iron temperatures;
  • Mandatory seasonal immunization, intake of vitamin and mineral complexes that help strengthen the immune system.

Worms in children and pets

In families where pets live, there is a greater risk of infection of children with helminths, but if certain rules are followed, this probability decreases many times. It is necessary to carry out antihelminthic treatment of cats and dogs not only before vaccinations, but clearly once a quarter. Pets are not allowed outside.

There is no need to give cats and dogs fresh raw meat and fish. This is especially true of river fish. It is contraindicated for pets. In addition to the risk of infection with helminths, there is a possibility of developing urolithiasis. It is advisable to feed your dog or cat specially formulated premium food with a balanced composition.

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If you want to feed raw meat, it must first be frozen for a long time. In extreme cold, most parasites die.

If you adhere to simple rules, you will not have to give up keeping animals in the house, and the risks of infecting children with parasites will be minimized.

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