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Video: Worms In A Child 2 Years Old
2023 Author: Riley Dean | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 09:15
Worms in a child 2 years old
- 1 How helminths spread
- 2 Types of helminths
- 3 How to notice danger in a child
- 4 Diagnosis and treatment
Small children often worry their parents with various diseases. Worm infestations occupy a leading position among the diseases of young patients. Unfortunately, they are widespread and underestimated for their severity. Worms in a 2-year-old child provoke a lack of substances necessary for growth and development, cause intoxication, allergic reactions, and gastrointestinal diseases. Reduced immunity leads to frequent health problems.
Worms in a child 2 years old
There are no parents who, one way or another, would not have met the topic of worms. Everyone wants to keep their baby safe. Given the widespread occurrence of parasites, the question arises - how to deal with the disease? A large amount of information is available today in the media and on the Internet. But it is difficult for people far from medicine to put everything on the shelves. Especially when friends and wise advice of grandmothers occupy a whole niche in the minds of young people. There are those who believe that it is easiest to periodically give a wide range of drugs from worms to children under 2 years of age. Let's try to figure out if this is so.
How helminths spread
Contrary to popular belief that parasite infestation more often occurs in low-level social strata - this is not the case. Statistics show that in European countries, helminths are found in every third surveyed. If we talk about Russia, the diagnostics show a figure of about 2 million per year, but given the prevalence and circulation of drugs against helminths, statisticians calculate the result in excess of 20 million. Of these, 80% of infected children!
Infection with parasites in children 2 years old
Due to its physical characteristics - weak immunity and low acidity of gastric juice, it is difficult for the body of children to fight parasites. In addition, kids try everything to their teeth, often play in the sandbox, on the grass, are in close contact with other children, for example, in kindergarten.
The methods of infection are also different depending on the development cycle of the parasites. Some groups of helminths use the human body as a host. Others are settling temporarily. Some species lay their eggs in soil and elsewhere.
The most common spread of parasites is due to unwashed hands and poor hygiene. There is a high probability of infection through contact with sick people or animals, living next to them. After all, eggs of parasites can be found on bed linen, clothes and hands. By touching various surfaces, the patient spreads them.
Types of helminths
More than 300 species of these parasites are known to science. About 70 species are widespread in our region. Parasites that can exist in the human body are divided into three types:
- Nematodes are round helminths. These are common worms in children under 2 years of age and at other ages. The most common trichinella, pinworms, whipworms and roundworms.
- Tapered or flat, refer to cystodes. These are echinococcus, tapeworms, tapeworms.
- Nematodes or flukes. They often cause fascioliasis, opisthorchiasis, paragonimiasis, etc.
Types of helminths in children
Parasites usually live in the intestines. The blood flow promotes the spread of larvae and eggs to various organs. With helminthic invasion, the liver and gallbladder are often affected, but there are parasites that colonize muscle tissue, lungs and even the brain.
How to notice danger in a child
Helminthic invasions are difficult to identify in the initial stages. Visible manifestations begin only with severe infection. However, there are symptoms that indirectly indicate to parents that it is time to see a doctor. Pinworms cause severe itching in the anus. This happens at night. Also, concern should be given by a cough that does not have signs of a cold, the child's nervousness, anxiety, loss of appetite and lethargy. Often there is diarrhea, bloating and pain in the abdomen, and a rash on the skin may appear.
Helminthic invasions in children
Toxic waste products of parasites poison the body. This is especially dangerous at a tender age. In addition, worms feed on the same substances as humans. Therefore, infected children are often deficient in vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins and minerals. In advanced cases, anemia develops. When organs such as the liver, muscles, heart or brain are affected, visual impairment, pain in the legs and arms, and in the joints are observed.
Diagnostics and treatment
Diagnosis often occurs during routine examinations for the egg leaf. It is worth knowing that the method is not very reliable. First, fecal examinations do not always reveal the presence of parasites. Secondly, the reproduction of helminths does not always coincide with the analyzes. There were variants of defeat by individuals of the same sex that were not able to reproduce, but the parasite harms the child during its life.
Therefore, repeated studies are often recommended after a couple of weeks. Usually, the list of such procedures includes tests for oviduct and scraping for enterobiasis. Blood tests in which a high eosinophil count is high and hemoglobin is low may cause suspicion. Sometimes the diagnosis is clarified with the help of a stool coprogram, the study of bile, sputum, urine.
Scraping for enterobiasis in children
The therapy is carried out in two ways. Get rid of parasites and weaken the detoxification of the body.
You need to understand that only a doctor can reduce the unpleasant signs of intoxication by prescribing the necessary drugs. With worms at 2 years old, you cannot fight on your own with folk advice and with the help of broad-spectrum drugs. Such medicines affect not only parasites, but also the human body. Therefore, the wrong selection of the drug or non-compliance with the dosage can only harm the baby!
But you can protect yourself and others on your own. Do wet cleaning every day, remove carpets, bedspreads, soft toys during treatment. The underwear on which the patient sleeps and underwear must be changed frequently and ironed after washing.
It is important to follow the rules of personal hygiene, to carry out anthelmintic prophylaxis for pets, to maintain cleanliness in the house. When confirming the diagnosis of helminthic invasion in a child, all family members should undergo medication treatment, but only under the supervision of a doctor!
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