Table of contents:
Video: Toxocariasis In Adults - Symptoms And Treatment Of The Human Body
1 Symptoms of toxocariasis
- 1.1 Visceral form of toxocariasis
- 1.2 Cutaneous form of parasitic infection
2 Treatment of toxocariasis in adults
2.1 Alternative treatment
- 3 Preventive measures
Toxocariasis is one of the most common parasitic infections, from which children of preschool and school age most often suffer. The nematode (worm) toxocara canis becomes a provocateur of pathology, which in the form of a helminth egg is transmitted to humans through animal hair or through soil contaminated with "sick" animal feces. According to statistics, almost every third child in Russia is sick with toxocariasis, which does not exclude infection in adults in the family. Therefore, in the material below, we will consider the symptoms of toxocariasis in humans and study methods of treating pathology.
Symptoms of toxocariasis
Toxocariasis in adults, as well as in children, can have its own characteristic clinical picture, which depends entirely on the form of pathology. That is, on where exactly the worm is located (in which internal organ or system). In this case, the intensity of symptoms will completely depend on the degree of infection (the number of parasites in the body).
It is noteworthy that human roundworms and toxocaras of an animal are similar in appearance. However, the human body is not a biological storage chamber and a habitat for toxocara. Rather, nematodes enter the human body by mistake.
Visceral form of toxocariasis
This form of toxocariasis, the symptoms and treatment of which should be no less careful, is formed under the influence of a large number of parasite larvae entering the human body. At the same time, children are more likely to suffer from the visceral form of infection. But in adults, pathology is also noted, albeit with fewer cases. The presence of toxocara worms in the body with visceral toxocariasis is indicated by the following signs and symptoms:
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- Feverish conditions with relapses;
- Enlargement of the liver by 0.5 times;
- The appearance of a dry cough of the type of bronchitis. In this case, the cough often torments the patient at night than during the day;
- The appearance of asthmatic shortness of breath;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Flatulence, bloating, and diarrhea;
- Swollen lymph nodes.
Cutaneous form of parasitic infection
In this case, the presence of toxocar in a person will be indicated by various skin reactions of the type of allergic. Moreover, they will form during the migration of the worm larvae. In particular, the patient may experience such manifestations on the skin:
- Redness in the form of local spots;
Treatment of toxocariasis in adults
Toxocariasis in adult patients is often treated on an outpatient basis. Inpatient therapy is indicated only in cases where the patient has serious lesions of internal organs and systems.
When developing a treatment regimen for toxocariasis in adults, anthelmintic drugs are primarily prescribed. In particular, such effective means are used:
Albendazole. The drug effectively fights against visceral and ocular forms of parasitic infection. At the same time, it has a moderate toxic effect on the body, so that the manifestations of intoxication in the form of nausea will be minimal. The course of treatment with Albendazole is 10-20 days
- Vermox. The dosage of the drug for adults is 200-300 mg per day in two doses. The duration of the course depends on the intensity of the infection, but not less than 2 weeks. These toxocar pills give a minimum of side effects.
- Ditrazine citrate. The drug actively fights against the parasite, but at the same time, due to its toxicity, it also provokes side effects in the form of nausea, headache, dizziness, etc. The course of Ditrazine therapy is from 2 to 4 weeks.
- Mintezol. The least toxic medicine that does not have a negative effect on the cardiovascular system and respiratory system. Reviews about him are quite positive. The duration of treatment for toxocariasis with the use of Mintezol is only 5-10 days.
To restore all body systems that have suffered from the waste products of the parasite, a number of other drugs are also prescribed:
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- Glucocorticoids. They relieve inflammation and neutralize allergic reactions, which will definitely arise against the background of mass death of the worm. These drugs include Dexamethasone, Prednisolone, etc.
- Adsorbents. Aimed at binding and effectively removing both toxins and dead parasite individuals from the body along with feces. Perfectly removes toxins Smecta, Enterosgel, White coal, Enterol, etc.
- Probiotics. These drugs are prescribed for the treatment of toxocariasis in humans in order to restore the intestinal microflora, which died under the influence of the active vital activity of toxocara in the human body.
- Electrolytes in the form of solutions. Shown to the patient intravenously in severe pathology to restore metabolic processes in the body.
Despite the information provided on the tactics of fighting the parasite, only the attending physician should tell how to treat toxocariasis in an adult patient and how to treat the pathology. Self-medication can lead to a minimum of lack of therapeutic effect. The maximum is to worsen the situation. In this case, the symptoms in a person may even be blurred.
If toxocariasis is found in an adult patient, treatment with folk remedies can also be carried out, but only with the approval and consent of the attending physician. So, the treatment of toxocariasis with folk remedies is carried out using such herbs and ingredients:
- Garlic. To prepare an anti-parasite remedy, boil one head (not a clove) of crushed garlic in a liter of milk and then, after cooling the mixture, use it for setting an enema. In total, 7 such cleanings need to be done within a week. That is, 1 enema per day.
- Tansy. Flowers and leaves of a plant in the amount of 3 tablespoons are poured with 250 ml of boiling water and the mixture is infused for about an hour. Then they filter the product and take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times during the day.
- Wormwood (seeds). The plant in the amount of 1 tablespoon is mixed with honey and eaten between meals.
After effective therapy against parasites, it is advisable to prevent re-infection. For this, certain preventive measures must be followed. These are:
- Compliance with basic rules of personal hygiene, including washing hands after using the toilet and before eating, as well as after playing with street and pets;
- Regular antiglyceting of pets and their examination for the presence of parasites;
- Eating only thoroughly washed vegetables and fruits, as well as boiled or purified drinking water;
- Eating meat that has undergone good heat treatment;
- Fighting flying insects at home. In particular, it is worth limiting the access of flies to an apartment or a residential building. It is worth knowing that flies are carriers of the parasite's eggs.
On the part of city services, it is also advisable to take a number of preventive measures in order to protect city residents from possible infection. These are:
- A ban on walking dogs in city parks and public places, including playgrounds;
- Equipment of special areas for walking pets;
- Reducing the number of stray canids on city streets;
- Regular replacement of sand in the sandbox for children.
Among other things, it is desirable to conduct educational activities in all school and preschool organizations, as well as educate the adult population about the possibility of infection. At the slightest sign of a parasitic infection or suspicion of infection, it is advisable to immediately consult a family doctor who will prescribe adequate treatment. Remember, your health is solely in your hands.