Table of contents:
- Composition and description of the drug Albendazole
- Instructions for using the drug
- Contraindications to taking Albendazole
- Side effects and reactions
- Drug analogues
Video: Albendazole - Instructions For Use Of Tablets For Children
- 1 Composition and description of the drug Albendazole
- 2 Instructions for use of the drug
- 3 Contraindications to taking Albendazole
- 4 Side effects and reactions
- 5 Drug analogues
Parasitic infection is quite common, especially in children. It is enough for a kid to tinker in the sand on the street and immediately after that gobble up the candy with dirty hands. Adults are less susceptible to helminthic invasion, but they sometimes encounter such a pathology. When worms are detected on time, high-quality anthelmintic drugs help to cope with the problem. And one of them today is Albendazole tablets. In how the drug is taken correctly and in what cases it is prescribed for a person, we understand below in the material.
Composition and description of the drug Albendazole
It is worth knowing that one tablet contains the following components:
- Albendazole (active ingredient);
- Gelatin and talc;
- Starch and magnesium stearate;
- Silicon dioxide and povidone;
- Sodium starch glycolate and methylparaben;
- Propylparaben and sodium dodecyl sulfate.
The antiparasitic drug Albendazole (albendazole) inhibits the activity of parasites in the human body due to the effect on the body of the helminth. In particular, the mechanism of the drug's work looks like this:
- the components of the drug actively affect the process of β-tubulin polymerization, which leads to a failure in the formation of microtubules in the intestinal region of the parasite;
- from this, the worm loses the ability to assimilate glucose from the body of its host;
- losing the ability to feed, the parasite also loses the ability to normal migration of organelles within its cells;
- also stops the synthesis of ATP in the muscles of the helminth;
- as a result, the parasite dies, initially losing the ability to move.
Instructions for using the drug
Pinworm candles and rules for their use
The drug Albendazole is given to children and adults only during meals or immediately after a meal due to the sufficient toxicity of the drug. In this case, you can take Albendazole according to the instructions for use for such parasitic infections and in the following dosages:
|Helminthic invasion||Drug dose per day||Frequency rate and course of treatment|
|Helminthiasis simple||0.4 g (adults) and 0.06 g / 10 kg body weight (children)||Just one time|
|Neurocysticercosis||0.4 g (adults) 0.015 mg / 1 kg (children)||9-30 days twice a day|
|From opisthorchiasis||0.4 g (adults) and 15 mg / 1 kg (children)||Morning and evening course 7 days|
|Ascariasis, enterobiasis, ankylostomiasis||0.4 g (adults) and 0.2 g (children)||One-time. The pill is repeated after 21 days.|
|Giardia||0.4 g (adults) and 0.2 g (children)||Morning and evening. Course 3 days with mandatory repeat after 21 days|
|Strongyloidosis||0.4 g (adults) and 0.2 g (children)||Morning and evening. Therapy - 7 days.|
|Filariasis||0.4 g and 0.2 g (adults / children)||Morning and evening. Therapy - 10 days|
Contraindications to taking Albendazole
Albendazole, according to the instructions, is contraindicated in such cases:
- Hypersensitivity or intolerance to one or more components of the drug;
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding period;
- Toddlers under 2 years old.
With extreme caution, the drug is used in such conditions:
- Liver failure (cirrhosis, hepatitis, etc.);
- Pathology of the process of hematopoiesis.
Side effects and reactions
Candles for worms for children and adults
Adverse reactions may occur when taking Albendazole in a child or adult. Moreover, side effects can affect different systems and organs:
- Digestive system. Vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain.
- Hematopoietic organs. Possible pancytopenia and agranulocytosis, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, granulocytopenia and inhibition of hematopoiesis in the bone marrow.
- Nervous system. Dizziness, headaches.
- Urinary system. Malfunctions of the kidneys and even acute failure of the kidneys.
- Allergic manifestations. Itching and rash on the skin.
- Also, the patient may experience increased hair loss and may increase blood pressure and body temperature (hyperthermia).
In pharmacies in Russia, if necessary, you can purchase analogues of the drug Albendazole for children and adults. These are:
- Nemozole and Vormil;
- Sanoxal and Zentel;
Moreover, the preparations can be purchased both in the form of conventional dragees and in the form of chewable tablets or suspensions.
Remember, taking medications on your own without making an accurate diagnosis can have very unpredictable consequences. Especially when you consider that Albendazole is toxic enough for all people. Therefore, you should not joke with your health. Better to trust the hands of a professional parasitologist.