Table of contents:
1 Types of oral parasites
- 1.1 Oral amoeba
- 1.2 Trichomonas
- 1.3 Oral myiasis
- 2 Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
Helminths can develop in many organs and tissues of the human body. The oral cavity and larynx are no exception - parasites in the throat are often the cause of complex diseases, which can have extremely dangerous complications. The clinical picture of such diseases is determined by the type of parasite, the stage of its development, the number of individuals and the neglect of the process. So it is better to know which helminths can settle in the mouth and throat of a person, as well as what symptoms their presence will manifest.
Types of oral parasites
What are the worms in the mouth, can worms provoke diseases of the teeth, gums and throat - these questions concern many people who, for one reason or another, have encountered human parasites. A couple of centuries ago, people believed that the so-called tooth worm was responsible for the destruction of teeth. There were many ways to exterminate it, although all of them were ineffective. It is now doctors who know that no such parasites actually exist, and thanks to the development of dentistry, the fight against toothache does not present any particular problems at present. But along with myths and fairy tales, there are real creatures that parasitize not only in the gastrointestinal tract, liver - they prefer to inhabit the mouth and throat of a person.
Most often in the human oral cavity you can find:
- Oral amoeba;
- Oral myiasis.
It is worth dwelling in more detail on each of the parasites presented.
Plasmodium malaria symptoms and what it is
Entamoeba gingivalis, the oral amoeba, is a protozoan microorganism that chooses the human mouth for its habitat. It is based on the crypts of the palatine tonsils, dental plaque, gums, sputum. It feeds on bacteria that live in the mouth, and also includes leukocytes and red blood cells in its diet. This parasite does not form cysts, its transmission is carried out without any problems when coughing, sneezing, through phlegm and saliva.
The most common microorganism that comes into contact with humans. Trichomonas usually lead their life on the tonsils, teeth, mucous membranes, gum pockets. These parasites in the human mouth can cause diseases such as tooth decay, periodontitis, and they can also affect the lungs and liver. Moisture and warmth are most important to these parasites. When the temperature rises above 60 ° C, Trichomonas die. These microorganisms are dangerous in that they are able to disguise themselves as host cells, which is why their timely diagnosis is extremely difficult. The host's immunity does not recognize them, because they become similar to blood and epithelial cells.
Oral myiasis is an oral lesion caused by dipteran larvae. Most often, the causative agent is the larvae of gadflies, sand fleas, Tumbu flies or Wolfarth flies. They enter the body due to violation of hygiene standards and settle in the skin, mucous membranes, making moves in them to move. In some cases, the larvae of such parasites are able to reach the lining of the brain, which in turn often ends in the death of the host. The risk group consists of residents of areas that are unfavorable in terms of the sanitary and epidemiological situation. Sometimes the cause of the formation of oral myiasis is the consumption of raw meat and fish, which contain larvae and eggs of the causative agents of the disease.
The structure of human lice: types and symptoms of infection
A disease such as gongilonematosis is caused by worms that parasitize the human mouth. It develops after infection with nematodes of the genus Gongylonema. The size of adults of such a parasite can reach a length of 15 cm. Most representatives of this genus prefer to attack mainly cattle. A person should be wary of Gongylonema pulchrum, which can be infected by drinking water from open sources or by swallowing a cockroach, dung beetle. This parasite most often chooses the lips, cheeks, tonsils and larynx for habitation.
Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
Any helminths and microorganisms in the human body form a certain clinical picture, which depends on their type, characteristics and quantity. Common signs of the presence of parasites in the human body include:
- Allergic reactions;
- A general deterioration in well-being caused by intoxication of the body with the waste products of parasites.
The most common symptom of parasites in the mouth is bad breath and impaired appetite. Sore throat, itching in the larynx, feeling of movement of worms in the pharynx - all this refers to the symptoms by which one can recognize the presence of parasites in the mouth and throat.
Timely diagnosis of helminthiasis allows you to avoid many dangerous complications caused by this disease. Worms in the throat and any other parts of the body do not always cause uncomfortable sensations and lead to serious consequences for the body, but their presence can still increase the risk of developing various diseases of a different type. With a weakening of the immune system, helminthiases that are asymptomatic before are quite capable of activating and aggravating the state of human health. Treatment can already be difficult. Therefore, it is so important to monitor your body in order to avoid infection with any type of helminths, including parasites in the human throat.