Bovine Tapeworm - Treatment And Prevention: How To Get Rid Of

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Bovine Tapeworm - Treatment And Prevention: How To Get Rid Of
Bovine Tapeworm - Treatment And Prevention: How To Get Rid Of
Video: Bovine Tapeworm - Treatment And Prevention: How To Get Rid Of
Video: Natural Ways To Get Rid Of Intestinal Worms In No Time 2023, February
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  • 1 What is bovine tapeworm?
  • 2 Ways of bovine tapeworm infection
  • 3 Symptoms of the disease
  • 4 Drug treatment

    4.1 Folk remedies

  • 5 Prevention of bovine tapeworm in humans

A parasitic disease that belongs to the group of biohelminthiases is called teniarinhoses. Bovine tapeworm is a pathogen that parasitizes in the human intestine. Most often, the pathology is characterized by a chronic course, accompanied by disorders of the digestive system, and leads to the development of allergic reactions. Treatment is carried out with medicines and folk remedies. Prevention of bovine tapeworm consists in the consumption of well-fried or boiled meat, timely treatment of all infected persons, and other methods.

What is bovine tapeworm?

bovine tapeworm
bovine tapeworm

Bovine tapeworm (another name - tapeworm) refers to the tape class parasitic worms. The larval stage affects cattle, a tape stage occurs per person, leading to the development of the disease teniarinchiasis. Helminth parasitizes in the small intestine.

Appearance - tape form, has a neck, head and strobili. On the head there is a proboscis and four suction cups, which are not equipped with hooks. The neck is short, and the strobila itself can consist of two thousand segments.

The parasite's uterus is closed, the future offspring - eggs - matures and accumulates in it. During the life cycle of the tapeworm, the uterus is stretched, there are small protrusions on the sides. The offspring matures unevenly, so there are from 50 to 150 thousand larvae in the segments, which are ready for infection.

The eggs of the worm are round, covered with a thin film on top. Inside is the embryo - the oncosphere, which is equipped with three hooks. The segments are gradually extended and narrowed, then rejected and moved forward. They leave the human body naturally along with feces.

An infected patient can excrete up to 23 segments per day. At the same time, the parasite does not become shorter, new and new segments are constantly growing in it. They gradually evolve and detach again.

The final owner of the tapeworm is man, and the intermediate is cattle. After 2-4 months after infection, the patient releases parasite eggs into the environment. This process can last for years, up to 15-20 years.

Bovine tapeworm infection routes

bovine tapeworm infection routes
bovine tapeworm infection routes

The mechanism of infection is oral and fecal, the main route of infection is food. After an infected person begins to release eggs into the external environment, they are everywhere - water, soil, grass, etc. When the larvae find their intermediate host, they parasitize in it for 3-5 months. During this period, they are ready for human invasion.

Teniarinhoz has the following reasons:

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  • Consumption of poorly heat-treated meat;
  • Failure to comply with hygiene rules when working with raw meat;
  • Eating raw meat, poorly dried, etc.

A person's natural sensitivity to infection is extremely high. The risk group includes persons whose professional activities are related to animal husbandry. And also cooks, workers of meat processing enterprises.

In most pictures, one tapeworm settles in the human intestine. However, in medical practice, cases are described when there was a simultaneous parasitization of five or more adults. At the same time, not only bovine, but also pork tapeworm was found.

The eggs remain viable throughout the winter, even under snow. They die under the influence of ultraviolet rays, as well as at temperatures above 30 degrees, or less than 30 degrees.

Symptoms of the disease

pain in the abdomen
pain in the abdomen

Bovine tapeworm symptoms may be completely absent. But they can manifest themselves violently and brightly, causing severe violations of the functionality of internal organs and systems. In some cases, for a long time, the only symptom is the presence of worm segments in the patient's feces or their crawling out of the anus on their own.

This pathological process is always accompanied by uncomfortable sensations, which leads to the development of neurotic disorders. Patients compare what is happening with the sensation of a creeping foreign body in the anus. The picture is accompanied by intense itching.

Clinical manifestations:

  1. Violation of the motility and excretory functionality of the digestive tract and gastrointestinal tract, catarrhal inflammatory process in the intestine, which occurs against the background of mechanical trauma to the mucous membrane by a parasite.
  2. Pain syndrome in the epigastric region, heartburn, belching - not associated with food intake, nausea, periodic urge to vomit (vomiting itself is relatively rare).
  3. Pain in the abdomen that is not associated with any pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. There is no clear localization of pain. It is characterized by a cramping nature, since the worm moves.
  4. Violation of the functionality of the digestive tract, manifested by constant diarrhea, increased gas production, bloating, rumbling in the abdomen.
  5. If the worm gets into a ball, then intestinal obstruction is detected, since it interferes with the movement of feces.
  6. Deterioration of the skin and hair, nail plates due to a deficiency of nutrients in the body.
  7. Constant hunger. Despite the increase in appetite, body weight does not change or the person loses weight.
  8. In the course of its life cycle, the helminth emits toxic components that poison the human body, leading to the development of severe allergic reactions.
  9. The emotional state changes. Patients become anxious, irritable, emotional lability is manifested.
  10. Disruption of the central nervous system, migraines, dizziness, sleep disorders, etc.

In fact, the list of clinical manifestations can be continued for a long time, but they do not appear all at the same time. The clinic tends to grow depending on the period of the parasitic "neighborhood".

Drug treatment

drug treatment
drug treatment

So, how to remove bovine tapeworm from the human body? Treatment of bovine tapeworm is based on the use of antiparasitic tablets, drugs that improve the condition of the gastrointestinal tract. Depending on the clinic, it can be performed on an inpatient basis or on an outpatient basis. During the therapeutic course, anthelmintic control of the effectiveness of the prescribed drugs is mandatory.

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Drugs for the treatment of tapeworms in humans

When asked how to get rid of the bovine tapeworm, the doctor will tell you. A healthcare professional may prescribe one of the following medicines:

  • Nemozole is an antiparasitic drug that is highly effective against cestodes and nematodes. The active ingredient is albendazole. The tool interrupts the life cycle of the helminth, as a result of which it dies. Leaves the body naturally during bowel emptying;
  • To get rid of the parasite, the doctor may prescribe the medication Fenasal. The agent suppresses the susceptibility of the helminth to gastrointestinal enzymes, causes paralysis, which leads to a natural release. Take your medicine in the morning. The dosage is determined individually, there are contraindications and side effects.

It is necessary to treat teniarinhoses in a complex way - they take not only the medicine, but also follow the diet - the diet is changed two days before and during therapy. Exclude fried, fatty, smoked and salty foods. The menu is based on liquid soups, kefir, fermented baked milk, yogurt, low-fat fish fillets. From drinks you can jelly, tea. It is strictly forbidden to eat the following foods: cabbage, spinach, beets, raspberries, gooseberries. You can not consume alcoholic beverages.

For the treatment of bovine tapeworm, the doctor may include enterosorbents in the scheme, as well as preparations based on male fern extract. In addition, they recommend taking laxatives, cleansing enemas during therapy.

Folk remedies

infusion based on bitter wormwood
infusion based on bitter wormwood

Treatment of bovine tapeworm with folk remedies is acceptable. Medicinal plants and some food products help to get rid of the parasite. Most often pumpkin seeds are used according to a certain pattern. In the evening you need to take a saline laxative, in the morning they give an enema. Then 300 g of raw seeds are eaten in one hour, washed down with plain water. After three hours, take a laxative again, after half an hour, carry out the enema procedure again. This method is suitable for children, adults and the elderly.

Traditional methods of treatment with herbs:

  1. An infusion based on bitter wormwood, chamomile and tansy is an effective remedy for bovine tapeworm. Take in equal amounts, one tablespoon per 120 ml of water, leave for twenty minutes. It is taken in the morning on an empty stomach. The course of treatment is 10-20 days.
  2. A mixture of wormwood, tansy and celandine. The herbs are mixed and crushed. In the morning on an empty stomach, eat one teaspoon, washed down with water.

Doctors recommend using folk remedies as an auxiliary option, in the form of monotherapy it may not help.

Prevention of bovine tapeworm in humans

Simple preventive measures help prevent parasite infestation. To do this, it is necessary to timely identify infected persons - they examine people who fall into a risk group - milkmaids, shepherds, cooks, etc., as well as their family members. All meat processing workers must be examined.

It is necessary to abandon the use of raw or poorly thermally processed meat - products need to be fried or cooked for a sufficient time. If you find characteristic signs, you should contact a medical specialist immediately.

Before buying, carefully examine the meat for larvae - they can be visualized with the naked eye. Equally important is educational work among all segments of the population, which is focused on informing people about the likely sources of the parasitic disease.

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