Cheese Fish Opisthorchiasis Or Not: Peled And Pike

Table of contents:

Cheese Fish Opisthorchiasis Or Not: Peled And Pike
Cheese Fish Opisthorchiasis Or Not: Peled And Pike
Video: Cheese Fish Opisthorchiasis Or Not: Peled And Pike
Video: בשר ראש עם חומוס ואת הכל עוטפת פיתה 2023, February
Anonim
  • 1 Life cycle of opisthorchiasis
  • 2 Which fish is sick with opisthorchiasis?
  • 3 Precautions
  • 4 Prevention of opisthorchiasis

Opisthorchiasis is one of the most common helminthic infestations, with which one third of people worldwide are infected. The causative agent of the disease is hepatic fluke opisthorchis - a flatworm parasitizing in the liver, bile ducts of warm-blooded animals, people. Infection occurs when eating a fillet that contains helminths. Despite the fact that opisthorchiasis in fish is a frequent phenomenon, infection can be prevented by eating species that are not affected by worms or by paying attention to proper heat treatment.

The life cycle of opisthorchiasis

life cycle of opisthorchiasis
life cycle of opisthorchiasis

To know which fish can be infected with opisthorchiasis, it should be remembered that helminths live two intermediate links before entering the human body:

  1. molluscs - contain worm eggs;
  2. fish of the carp family.

These are intermediate carriers, after which the parasite chooses the final host, and then it all depends on whose menu the opisthorchiasis fish got into. The worm develops in several stages:

  1. An adult lays many eggs, which enter the environment with the fecal masses of the host. Mollusks living in shallow water bodies swallow the larva along with silt, microscopic living organisms.
  2. The larva in the mollusk continues to develop until it transforms into a chicaria and gets out into the water. Cicaria passes into cyprinids and settles in the muscle tissue of individuals. After 6 months, the intermediate period of development of the parasite is over and it can leave the host's body and migrate to a larger host: animal, human.

Where do opisthorchis live? It all depends on which organ the parasite enters into:

Recommended reading:

Image
Image

Children's preparations for enterobiasis

  1. Intrahepatic bile waters are affected in 60%;
  2. In 30% of cases, the gallbladder suffers;
  3. In 10% of diseases, the parasite is "poisoned" from the pancreas.

Which fish is sick with opisthorchiasis?

what fish is sick with opisthorchiasis
what fish is sick with opisthorchiasis

It is difficult to determine which fish suffers from opisthorchiasis. It has been established that sea water is considered too salty for the larvae of parasites, therefore, to the question - opisthorchiasis, in which fish it is, one can give an answer - in freshwater. River fish is the main carrier of the liver fluke, and these are all types of cyprinids and many others. It is believed that it is impossible to get infected by eating predatory species: pike, burbot, perch, whitefish species. Thus, opisthorchiasis in pike is a rare phenomenon, but it is better to play it safe and additionally check if there is opisthorchiasis in pike by catching a river predator.

In what types does opisthorchiasis occur:

  1. Carp: dace, bream, carp, peled, ram, bleak, sabrefish, spine, roach, crucian carp, tench, blue bream, carp.
  2. Whitefish: vendace, muksun, cheese, shchekur, omul, nelma.

Precautions

opisthorchiasis dies during cooking
opisthorchiasis dies during cooking

Invasions maintain their vital activity equally well at high and low temperatures. Long-term treatment is required to kill the worms. Knowing what kind of fish there is a liver fluke, it should be remembered that freezing, for example, an ide weighing a kilogram at a temperature of -8-12, destroys parasites in 30-35 days. Lowering the temperature to -30, you can speed up the process up to 15 hours, and frost of -40 kills the larvae in 5-7 hours.

Recommended reading:

Image
Image

What causes a person to have worms?

And at what temperature does opisthorchiasis die during cooking? Even +70 has a detrimental effect on only some of the parasites, so it is important to thoroughly process the fillets. How to kill opisthorchiasis:

  1. At +100 C, all larvae die in 15-20 minutes. Therefore, when cooking, time should be observed with accuracy or margin.
  2. In the refrigerator at -12, the eggs of parasites will freeze out for a long time. With uneven freezing of carcasses, eggs remain viable for up to 1.5-2 months.
  3. Salting kills parasites only at a salt concentration of 22-25%, a smaller amount does not affect vital functions. Before drying, smoking, you need to keep the fish in brine for 3-4 weeks.
  4. When frying in a pan, helminths can be killed in 45-60 minutes.
  5. Baking in an oven at + 80C requires aging for 2-2.5 hours.

Prevention of opisthorchiasis

prevention of opisthorchiasis
prevention of opisthorchiasis

Knowing which fish have opisthorchiasis, it is much easier to exclude the product from the diet and protect yourself from infection. However, it is not always possible to guess at a party, for example, whether the pike is sick with opisthorchiasis. To prevent infestation, precautions should be taken:

  1. Keep fillet or whole carcass salted at home in their own juice for more than 5-10 days. In particular, in fillets up to 15 gr. the larvae die on the 6th day, in a kilogram carcass the parasite dies only on the 10th day. However, it is customary to eat such a dish for 2-3 days, as a result - infection. Prevention - do not eat freshly salted fish, if you have not salted yourself.
  2. You need to freeze the carcass: small at -10C for at least 5 days, keep large for more than 22 days.
  3. Cook fish in chunks for at least 20 minutes. It is better to fry with the lid closed - this is the most effective way to destroy the fluke larvae. If the sirloin or the whole piece is rolled in breadcrumbs or flour, frying under the lid is a prerequisite.
  4. Freshly shaved fish marinated with vinegar is the fastest way to get opisthorchiasis. It is better to refuse this dish if an individual is from that large list in which fish contain worm larvae.

And of course, arguing about whether the peled is an opisthorchiasis fish or not, it is better to play it safe and cook the fillet on the fire. You should not be surprised that they ate together at the table, and only one fell ill - the peoples who regularly consume stroganin for food are genetically protected from many invasions.

Location:

Popular by topic