How Worms Are Transmitted From Person To Person And How They Get Infected

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How Worms Are Transmitted From Person To Person And How They Get Infected
How Worms Are Transmitted From Person To Person And How They Get Infected

Video: How Worms Are Transmitted From Person To Person And How They Get Infected

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Deadly Worms!!! – A look at Soil Transmitted Helminths 2023, February
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  • 1 Can you get worms from a cat?
  • 2 Sources and routes of infection
  • 3 Are worms transmitted from child to child?
  • 4 Prevention measures

Helminthiasis is one of the most common diseases, and each age has its own type of parasite. For children - pinworms, for hunters - trichinosis, for fishermen - diphylbothriasis. You should know how worms are transmitted, the symptoms of their manifestation and the incubation period of development. Understanding the nature of the invasion will help prevent the development of worms in the body and reduce irreparable harm to human health.

Can a cat get worms?

catch worms from a cat
catch worms from a cat

Can. However, not all types of invasions are dangerous, and their transmission is carried out under some conditions. Worms are transmitted by contact. In particular, the animal is licked several times a day, the eggs of the worms fall into the mouth and it is enough to play with the kitten, and then do not wash your hands so that the invasions remain on the fingers. Along with food, parasites penetrate into the human host and settle there for a long period of time, along the way developing into sexually mature individuals.

Sources and routes of infection

There are several ways you can get infected with worms:

  1. Contact-household through objects, pets, other people;
  2. Alimentary - due to lack of personal hygiene, poorly washed food or raw meat, fish;
  3. Transmissible - caused by insect bites;
  4. Active - the route of transmission through bathing in contaminated water, through mucous membranes or contact with soil. In this case, the parasites enter the body through damage to the skin.

Every person should know how they get infected with worms or how the infection is transmitted. After all, the carrier does not always know about the presence of a parasite in the body, often people have been treated for years for stomach and liver diseases, not realizing that these are symptoms of worms. There are several ways how worms are transmitted from person to person:

From the carrier. Waste products of helminths can be on the clothes of the infected patient, under the nails, on the skin and settle on all objects that the wearer touches. The list of transmission sources is extensive:

  • bed and table linen;
  • personal items;
  • common items;
  • door handles;
  • any surfaces;
  • everything that the carrier took with his hands, including phones, keyboards, and so on.
bathing in contaminated water
bathing in contaminated water

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Children's preparations for enterobiasis

The transfer in this case occurs with any contact: handshake, touch. Let us consider in more detail whether it is possible to become infected with worms from another person.

Does a breastfeeding baby get infected from the mother? Yes. This can be during pregnancy through the blood, placenta, during childbirth, if a perineal rupture occurs or if the mother's body is poorly washed and there are eggs of worms on it, contact with the baby's skin will occur during feeding and infection is ensured

  1. Are worms transmitted in swimming pools, gyms, baths and saunas? Very fast and easy. It is enough to bathe in contaminated water, use one cabinet with a carrier, and touch to get helminth eggs on the fingers and body.
  2. You can get infected through the dishes, but only if it is dirty, long-infested with flies and / or with remnants of animal blood.
  3. You can get infected through the bed if the linen has already been used by enough people and it has not been washed.
  4. Are worms sexually transmitted? Yes. There is contact with the skin, a condom and other methods of contraception are powerless here.

In everyday life, invasions lie in wait everywhere: there is no guarantee that any person is not a carrier. Whether it's an inspector who took a license for inspection or an employee who asked for a stapler. Helminth eggs maintain their viability in the external environment for a long time, and in the absence of preventive measures, the result is one - infection.

There are ways of transmission of infection through water and soil, so you should not rinse dishes and wash your hands in open water and sit at the table without tidying up after working in the garden or relaxing on the beach. Sand and soil, together with water, are a favorite habitat for invasions. There are many options for how you can become infected with parasites, but you cannot visually distinguish the carrier. The way out is the prevention of helminthiasis.

Are worms transmitted from child to child?

human worms are always infectious
human worms are always infectious

Are worms contagious in a child? Yes. Moreover, the transmission routes are also extensive and varied. In kindergarten or on the playground, kids often exchange toys, pencils, can taste food from one spoon, and more. Human worms are always infectious and can be transmitted by any means.

But this is not a reason to limit the contacts of the baby, one should only accustom him to preventive measures and carefully monitor the condition of the child. You can become infected with worms from the neat baby if he himself is just a victim of infection from another carrier, for example, from his parents. Nobody is immune from invasion.

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What causes a person to have worms?

Prevention measures

thorough hand washing after outside
thorough hand washing after outside

Knowing how worms are transmitted, it is difficult to prevent infection with 100% probability. But there are measures that significantly reduce the risk of disease. The main thing to know is that an infected patient should not be completely isolated from society. Limiting contacts, conducting therapy and taking measures to eliminate helminths is quite enough. It is especially important not to panic when detecting worms in children: according to statistics, more than 80% of babies are somehow infected with invasions, it is up to the parents to cure the child and treat themselves.

If there is a pet in the house, preventive measures are as follows:

  1. Antiparasitic drugs for the pet once a quarter;
  2. Lack of raw meat, fish in the diet;
  3. Treatment of wool against parasites;
  4. Timely cleaning of the tray.

Among the transmitted there are parasites, from which a person is in serious danger. These are flukes, tape tapeworms and other invasions that live and develop in the host's body for a long time. Prevention measures to prevent infestation are simple:

  1. Thoroughly process food (meat, fish), rinse and disinfect cutting boards, as well as table surfaces.
  2. Do not eat meat, fish type products that have not been seasoned in the marinade. This applies to various heh, slicing and other pickled snacks.
  3. Despite the fact that it is practically impossible to get infected through saliva, worms can remain on a spoon with food - you should also not try food from this spoon.
  4. Thorough hand washing after the street, before eating, after visiting the bathroom is a mandatory measure.
  1. Washing household items with soap and disinfecting toys will help kill parasite eggs.
  2. Most often, the eggs of the worms accumulate under the nails, so hand washing should be accompanied by nail cleaning.
  3. Swimming in open bodies of water of questionable water quality is prohibited.
  4. Products must be thoroughly washed, fruits and vegetables must be treated with boiling water, and the time period of heat treatment of potentially dangerous food products (meat, fish, by-products) must be maintained.
  5. The prophylactic intake of antiparasitic drugs will help eliminate the pathology at the very beginning.

Are worms transmitted from person to person? Yes. Regular examination by a specialist will help prevent the development of a severe invasion. And remember, you can even get infected from tap water. Cases of worms entering the water supply system are not so rare, so you should only drink boiled water.

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