Bovine Tapeworm - Symptoms In Humans: Signs And Treatment

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Bovine Tapeworm - Symptoms In Humans: Signs And Treatment
Bovine Tapeworm - Symptoms In Humans: Signs And Treatment

Video: Bovine Tapeworm - Symptoms In Humans: Signs And Treatment

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Video: How to identify tapeworm infection 2023, February
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  • 1 Ways of infection with bovine tapeworm
  • 2 Symptoms of bovine tapeworm disease
  • 3 Diagnosis of bovine tapeworm
  • 4 Treatment of bovine tapeworm

Teniarinhoz is one of the most dangerous and extremely unpleasant parasitic infections for human health. Or, in a simple way, a bull tapeworm. The parasite is a single individual in the human body that lives in the small intestine. The growth of the worm is extremely fast - it can grow by 10-12 cm per day.As a result, the maximum length of an adult parasite in a few weeks is 10-12 m.How is infection with helminthic infestation, what are the symptoms of bovine tapeworm and how is the parasite treated, we understand below.

Bovine tapeworm infection routes

bovine tapeworm infection routes
bovine tapeworm infection routes

It is important to understand that the intermediate host for such a parasite as bovine tapeworm is exclusively cattle (cattle). The final owner and carrier of such a helminth is a person. That is, initially bovine tapeworm goes through a full life cycle, settling in the cells and tissues of cattle. As a result, the only way of infection with teniarinchiasis is to eat the meat of an infected animal.

It is noteworthy that the larvae of the parasite die when frozen and with sufficient heat treatment of meat. So, for example, the meat of an infected animal, which has been frozen for 1-3 days at -15 degrees, no longer has viable tapeworm larvae. And it is impossible to get infected with them. The same applies to meat that has undergone sufficient heat treatment. The larva of the parasite dies already at +80 degrees. That is, only meat that is eaten raw or half-baked (beef carpaccio, tartar, steak with blood, etc.) is dangerous to humans. At the same time, it is possible to get infected even if the rules of basic hygiene are not observed when cooking meat (poor-quality washing of hands, knives, cutting boards).

Introduced into the human body, the bovine tapeworm, the symptoms of which will manifest themselves characteristically in the future, dissolves its shell and sticks to the walls of the small intestine. This is where it grows. Proglottids (segments of the worm) can later crawl out of the anus, and the eggs of the parasite, along with human feces, can infect the soil during bowel movements.

Bovine tapeworm disease symptoms

bovine tapeworm disease symptoms
bovine tapeworm disease symptoms

It is important to understand that at the initial stage of infection with teniarinhoses, signs of a bovine tapeworm can appear very blurred. In general, the patient may complain of general tiredness and fatigue, changes in appetite, and weight loss. With the growth of the parasite and its long-term parasitism in the body (more than six months), the presence of such symptoms of bovine tapeworm in humans will be noted:

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  • Dyspeptic. They are expressed in stool disorder (constipation with diarrhea), nausea, heartburn. Vomiting may also be present;
  • Asthenovegetative. Headaches, nervousness and irritability, sleep disorders, weakness and fatigue;
  • Abdominal. That is, periodic and rather sharp pains in the abdominal region;
  • Flavoring. The patient's perception of the taste of food changes.

In addition to the listed signs of bovine tapeworm in humans, the patient can visually detect the parasite proglottids in the feces. Particles of the worm are visible to the naked eye. But the most unpleasant thing is the movement of proglottids along the legs and around the patient's anus during his waking moments. In this case, the patient can visually determine such a phenomenon, which leads to extreme confusion and requires an urgent appeal to a parasitologist.

Diagnostics of the bovine tapeworm

blood test
blood test

If you suspect a tapeworm infection with the obvious presence or absence of tapeworm symptoms, the diagnosis of parasitic infection is carried out using the following methods:

  • Patient blood test. In the presence of a parasitic infection, the patient will have anemia and eosinophilic leukopenia;
  • Stool analysis. Here tapeworm eggs are found in the feces;
  • Radiography. Allows you to see an individual tapeworm in the patient's small intestine;
  • Scraping or flushing from the patient's perianal folds. It also makes it possible to identify the eggs of the parasite.

Bovine tapeworm treatment

Since the localization of the bovine chain in a person, the symptoms are most often characteristic, then treatment should be started immediately after a thorough diagnosis. In the absence of serious complications (with a very long course of the disease), the parasite is fought by taking antiparasitic drugs. The most effective is Fenasal. It is taken according to the scheme that the doctor selects individually.

bovine tapeworm treatment
bovine tapeworm treatment

Biltricide is another drug that works against tapeworm. It is taken once, but it is very toxic.

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Both drugs inhibit the activity of the muscles of the helminth, as a result of which it lags behind the intestinal walls and comes out together with the feces. At the same time, it is advisable to monitor the state of feces for three months from the date of initiation of therapy. Only in the complete absence of proglottids in the feces after three months can we talk about the patient's complete recovery.

Against the background of treatment for bovine tapeworm in the body, it is worth adhering to a special diet, which will also be aimed at creating unfavorable conditions for parasitizing helminths. So, you need to exclude the following foods from the diet:

  • Legumes and cabbage;
  • Beets and grapes;
  • Peaches and Chocolate;
  • Flour and confectionery products;
  • Milk and carbonated drinks.

The menu should include the following products:

  • Kefir, cottage cheese and fermented baked milk;
  • Buckwheat;
  • Low-fat fish.

You need to eat in small portions at least 5 times a day.

In addition to changing the menu, it is worth adhering to such rules during treatment for bovine tapeworm:

  • Change underwear daily;
  • Iron the bed linen daily with a hot iron and change it once a week;
  • Monitor hand and genital hygiene.
  • Carry out wet cleaning of the house using disinfectants.
  • Remove all carpets during therapy and pre-clean them.

It should be understood that therapy against bovine tapeworm is carried out mainly on an outpatient basis. Only with serious complications resulting from the parasitism of the helminth in the human body (when a person's symptoms are too serious), the patient is treated and monitored in a hospital. Remember, following basic rules of personal hygiene and eating only high-quality processed meat are the key to your health.

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