Table of contents:
- What parasites are in the human bladder?
- Causes of parasitic diseases
- Parasitic diseases of the genitourinary organs
- Treatment of parasites in the genitourinary system
- 1 What parasites are in the human bladder?
- 2 Causes of parasitic diseases
- 3 Parasitic diseases of the genitourinary organs
- 4 Treatment of parasites in the genitourinary system
Parasites in the human body are able to travel through the bloodstream. Affecting the entire body, helminths are most often found in the feces, but sometimes parasites appear in the bladder. What kind of worms are localized in the genitourinary system, what are the dangerous diseases caused, and how to treat parasites - everyone should know this.
What parasites are in the human bladder?
The usual place of localization of worms is the intestine. Here helminths find the necessary nutrition and develop, laying eggs, as well as poisoning the host's body with waste products. Detection of worms in urine is much less common - due to the large accumulation of fluid, it creates an unfavorable environment for parasites. However, there are types of worms that can multiply in the genitourinary system:
- Filaria. Based on the residence, the worms cause mechanical injury, which provokes a lot of diseases. Infection - mosquito bite.
- Echinococcus. Dangerous by the fusion of the wall of the parasite cyst with the wall of the urogenital organ. The larva provokes the development of an inflammatory infection. Infection - lack of hygiene.
- Trichomonas. Causes damage to the bladder and enlargement of the ureters. Localization in urine or vaginal lubrication (in women). Infection - infection from a sexual partner.
- Pinworms. Small worms up to 10 mm in length. Infection - lack of hygiene, improper washing. They provoke an inflammatory process in the system and often cause bedwetting.
- Schistosomes are a parasite that lives in the genitourinary system and causes an infectious inflammation of organs.
Roundworms are extremely rare in urine. As a rule, these parasites in the human bladder appear in the most advanced cases, when there is no adequate therapy for a long-term illness.
Causes of parasitic diseases
Worms in the urine are the result of poor hygiene. The most likely route of infection is fecal-oral. For example, pinworms, roundworms are detected in the urine due to the fact that the patient is not properly washed and brings the eggs of the worms from the anal region into the genitourinary system.
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The second way of infection is unwashed vegetables, fruits, contaminated water. And although helminthic invasions affect the intestines, they spend part of their life in the parenchymal organs. One of these is the kidneys. For example, echinococcus settles in one of the kidneys, creating a cyst, and develops inside the formation. Filariae do not need the intestines, their area of localization is the urinary tract and the entire genitourinary system. In this case, filariae cause irreparable damage to the entire lymphatic and circulatory systems of the body.
Parasitic diseases of the genitourinary organs
Depending on the type of parasites, the following pathologies of the system develop:
- Helminth Schistosom causes schistosomiasis called snail fever and bilharziasis. Infectious pathology most often affects adults employed in agriculture and fishing. Children are affected by lack of hygiene and bathing in contaminated springs. There is intestinal and genitourinary schistosomiasis. Waste worms cause toxic poisoning of the body. If untreated, the patient is at risk of lymph flow into the urine and tissue expansion. And this leads to elephant disease.
- Echinococcosis. Damage to the kidneys with worms leads to the development of inflammation of the renal parenchyma. After the larva develops in a cyst attached to the kidney tissue, the worms may appear in the urine.
- Trichomonas urethritis caused by Trichomonas smoothly flows into bladder trichomoniasis. Painful urination and enlarged ureters are only a small part of the problem. It is extremely difficult to cure Trichomonas, there are frequent cases of relapse. Therapy is required for both sexual partners.
Regardless of the type of pathology, treatment should be immediate and complete. It is extremely difficult for parasites of the genitourinary system to be eliminated, therefore, therapeutic procedures should not be violated.
Treatment of parasites in the genitourinary system
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Immediately, we note that only a specialist makes a diagnosis, he also prescribes treatment. Diagnostics is carried out by taking tests that will determine not only whether the patient may have worms in the urine, but also the type and dynamics of invasion. The proposed drug treatment is prescribed for both children and adults. The most effective are:
- Praziquantel. It is taken three times a day. The course of treatment is one day.
- Metriphonate. The dose is set by the doctor, taken during the day in three doses.
After the treatment, tests are taken to identify parasites in the organs of the genitourinary system. If the result is positive, a second course is prescribed.
In the case of a critical development of the disease, for example, the formation of multiple cysts, resection of a part of the organ may be prescribed. Surgical intervention is a last resort, as cases of profuse bleeding are frequent. Today there is an alternative method - echinococcotomy. The contents of the cyst are removed with a thin needle inserted into the affected area under ultrasound guidance.
Schistosomiasis, filariasis require conservative methods, therefore, anthelmintic drugs are sufficient. After the therapy, the specialist without fail prescribes rehabilitation drugs, and also recommends prophylaxis to reduce the risk of relapse and re-infection.
Folk remedies are used as adjuvant therapy. If eggs of worms are diagnosed in urine, then it is good to take decoctions of bitter herbs: wormwood, tansy. Possessing an anthelmintic effect, decoctions help only at the initial stage. When worms multiply in the genitourinary organs, treatment with decoctions and infusions is useless and dangerous. Such therapy can provoke an aggravation of the process and cause complications in the treatment of the patient.