Table of contents:
- Causes of the appearance of white worms in feces
- What worms can be in feces?
- Flat helminths
Video: White Worms In Feces In A Child And Small Worms In An Adult
- 1 Reasons for the appearance of white worms in feces
- 2 What worms can be in the feces?
3.1 Symptoms of enterobiasis
4 Flat worms
If, after defecation, in the fecal matter of a child or an adult, you find white threads or live worms, then you need to urgently contact a parasitologist, since you need to cure a parasitic disease. Most often, white worms in the feces appear when pinworms are affected, but the presence of tapeworms is also possible. By the appearance of the worm and the accompanying symptoms, you can independently try to determine the type of helminthiasis. However, a more correct decision would be to take the stool for analysis and undergo an additional examination.
Causes of the appearance of white worms in feces
If you have found small worms in the stool, then most likely this is a parasitic disease. There are many varieties of parasites. For their life and further development, favorable conditions and food are needed, available in the organisms of intermediate and permanent hosts, which sometimes are people. Different types of parasites can inhabit different organs.
Most often, helminths settle in the intestine, attaching to its walls. Here, as food, they use either the food that the patient eats, or feed on his blood. The parasite can exist for years in the body of a person or animal, provoking a whole complex of pathological reactions of the body in it.
Since helminths spend their entire lives in the dark, their body is white, because they do not need to adapt to the environment. For this reason, if white worms are found in your feces, then this is most likely an indication of a parasitic disease.
What worms can be in feces?
If thin white worms were found in the feces of a child or an adult, then these may be the following types of worms:
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- flat helminths.
If in the first case whole individuals get into the feces, then in the case of flat tapeworms in the feces, there may be segments of helminths or the so-called proglottids. They can also move and move, but outwardly they look more like fly larvae or rice grains.
If there are white worms in the feces, then it is most likely pinworms. The parasitic disease that these helminths cause is called enterobiasis. The females of this parasite crawl out of the anus and lay their eggs in the perianal folds. Moreover, for reliable fixation of eggs, they use a special adhesive.
The fact that white worms in feces are pinworms can be guessed by the following signs:
- the worm has very thin pointed ends of the body;
- its body is rounded;
- helminth of pure white color;
- the length of a mature individual can be up to 10 mm, but usually not more.
Symptoms of enterobiasis
The fact that a person has enterobiasis can be guessed from the accompanying symptoms of the disease. Since the female secretes a special substance for gluing the eggs, it causes skin irritation in the anus. Because of this, a person feels constant itching there. It intensifies at night, as this is when the female goes out to lay eggs.
In addition, there may be other signs of the disease:
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- The patient may often have a stool disorder. Usually he is bothered by diarrhea mixed with mucus;
- A person can lose weight;
- Due to nighttime itching, the patient does not sleep well, which contributes to daytime sleepiness and irritability.
Most often, small worms in feces are found in children due to their non-compliance with hygiene rules. Worms in children in the body can live for a long time due to reinvasion (repeated self-infection). So, eggs can fall under the nails while scratching the area near the anus, and then with dirty hands they can again enter the mouth and digestive system.
In babies, the symptoms of enterobiasis are complemented by the following signs:
- increased fatigue;
- decreased concentration of attention;
- poor school performance;
- abdominal pain;
Very small white worms in fecal masses may not be whole helminths, but their fragments. As we wrote above, these are proglottids (segments) of tapeworms. These segments are filled with helminth eggs. They are separated from its body for release with feces and further development of eggs in the body of an intermediate host (usually an animal). In the human body, the following types of flatworms parasitize:
- bovine tapeworm;
- another parasite is pork tapeworm;
- also the dwarf tapeworm parasitizes in the human body;
- people can be struck by a wide tapeworm.
Often, the proglottids of these worms appear not only with feces, but also independently crawl out of the anus. Therefore, they can be found on toilet paper, bedding or underwear and the patient's body. The size of the proglottids may vary among representatives of the order of flatworms. So, in a bovine tapeworm, a segment can reach a length of three centimeters.
We can say that worms in the feces are often the only symptom of flatworm infection, since these parasites can exist asymptomatically in the host's body for decades and grow up to 10 meters in length. With a prolonged stay of the helminth in the intestines, some signs of a parasitic disease may appear:
- weight loss;
- loss of appetite;
- discomfort and pain in the abdomen;
- allergic reactions;
- lag in development and growth in children.
In rare cases, a helminth that has reached large sizes can cause intestinal obstruction. Pork tapeworm larvae sometimes invade the brain, provoking severe headaches, seizures, and many neurological problems.