In A Wound, Worms And Maggots In Humans: Treatment Technique

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In A Wound, Worms And Maggots In Humans: Treatment Technique
In A Wound, Worms And Maggots In Humans: Treatment Technique
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  • 1 Larva therapy - what is it?
  • 2 What larvae are treated?
  • 3 The principle of action of maggots on the patient's body
  • 4 Treatment technique

Larva therapy is a method of cleansing purulent and gangrenous wounds, known since ancient times. However, it would be wrong to assume that you can take any larvae and fearlessly plant them in a wound on the body. The technique requires knowledge and experience of use. Therefore, if the patient has worms in the wound, a visit to the doctor should be mandatory and prompt.

Larva therapy - what is it?

method of cleansing purulent and gangrenous wounds
method of cleansing purulent and gangrenous wounds

The research carried out by scientists has proven that the use of maggots of a certain type, worms in cleaning wound surfaces is a progressive method of treatment. The time spent on cleaning is up to 5-6 days, but the use of traditional methods allows you to achieve a similar result only for 90 days. Doctors recommend the widespread use of the technique, for example, in the treatment of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus.

Maggot treatment is a largely forgotten old remedy. It was used both in ancient times and during the Second World War, but the emergence of antibiotics led to a decrease in the popularity of therapy. Today, the technique is in demand among adherents of alternative therapy in our country, as well as as an aid in European clinics.

The essence of the technique is that maggots eat only dead tissue and do not touch healthy areas. This is what attracted the attention of specialists. The opinion of professionals is unambiguous: the use of sterile larvae and maggots of flies can significantly speed up the cleaning process, and therefore, wound healing. In addition, there are no drug compatibility problems, and the risk of infection of wounds with antibiotic-resistant bacteria is reduced.

What larvae are treated?

common fly larvae
common fly larvae

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To sterilize and eliminate tissue necrosis, the larvae of ordinary flies are used. These unsympathetic worms can do wonders. Maggot larvae attached to the wound gnaw and eat away necrosis with a skill that is not available to some surgeons.

However, despite all the positive aspects, not every patient will be able to undergo a course of therapy. To allow worms to be in the wound is to have fortitude and not suffer from disgust. The method is simple: sterile maggots are applied to the wound with necrosis and pus. The top crust must then harden for the worms to eat away at the dead flesh. After all, the wound is opened, the larvae are removed and you can wait for the healing of the flesh.

The principle of action of maggots on the patient's body

ability of fly larvae to heal wounds
ability of fly larvae to heal wounds

Experimentally, scientists have found that the ability of fly larvae to heal wounds is caused by suppression of the body's immune response. The substance secreted by fly larvae when combined with blood serum causes a decrease in protein levels. In some cases, the concentration is reduced by almost 99%. A detailed study of blood samples showed that the components of mucus break down compliments C3, C4, which leads to suppression of the immune response and faster wound healing. Moreover, the healing process is not burdened by purulent inflammation of healthy tissue, there is no tumor at all, swelling and focal redness are characteristic signs of the onset of an infectious process in healthy tissue.

Today, physicians successfully use the antibiotic seraticin, isolated from the mucus of maggots, which is used to heal trophic ulcers and bedsores.

Treatment technique

treatment technology
treatment technology

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In order to obtain the correct maggots, the flies are kept in a sterile enclosed volume where they can lay their larvae. Then the worms are placed in sachets, and only then can the "live medicine" be used. The effects of worms on the human body are as follows:

  1. sterilization of focal wounds;
  2. stimulation of healing;
  3. cleansing by eating necrotic areas;
  4. the secreted substance allantoin stimulates the healing process.

It should be noted that seraticin, an antibiotic contained in the mucus of worms, resists 12 strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, destroys E. coli and bacteria that cause pseudomembrane colitis.

Larval therapy includes several mandatory stages:

  • breeding of certain type of fly larvae (green, blowfly);
  • obtaining eggs with their subsequent washing and sterilization;
  • hatching of larvae;
  • placing worms in the wound;
  • opening the wound and removing the maggots.

Before placing the worms in the wound, they are forced to starve, therefore, it is not recommended to place the larvae in the wound for more than a day. However, sometimes the time of the therapeutic effect is calculated individually. It all depends on the severity, size of the affected area, the type of wound and the presence of purulent inflammation. For example, if the lesion is chronic, the bed is covered with disinfected larvae for 4 days. The procedure can be repeated several times, achieving a complete cleaning of the wound bed and a speedy recovery of the patient.

Unfortunately, larva therapy in its original form causes rejection rather than acceptance in the average patient. Not every person is capable of allowing worms to appear in a wound, and doctors prefer more conservative methods of healing. But if the doctor suggests trying this option, you should not refuse - in just 1-2 days the bed of the neglected wound will be cleansed, and the healing process will go much faster. In this case, you do not have to put shock doses of antibiotics and other anti-inflammatory drugs.

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