How Is Streptoderma Transmitted And Is It Contagious In Children

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How Is Streptoderma Transmitted And Is It Contagious In Children
How Is Streptoderma Transmitted And Is It Contagious In Children

Video: How Is Streptoderma Transmitted And Is It Contagious In Children

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  • 1 Streptoderma: what is it?
  • 2 Main routes of infection
  • 3 Types of streptoderma

    • 3.1 Streptococcal impetigo
    • 3.2 Slit impetigo
    • 3.3 Nail felon
    • 3.4 Streptococcal diaper rash
    • 3.5 Dry streptoderma
    • 3.6 Bullous impetigo
    • 3.7 Ektima vulgar
  • 4 Prevention of streptoderma

An inflammatory disease of the skin that causes streptococcus is called streptoderma. There are certain varieties of this disease, differing in the localization of the process and the depth of penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the skin layers. Most often, this disease affects children, since their skin immunity is just forming, there are many minor injuries on the skin, and also due to non-compliance with hygiene rules. In our article we will tell you whether streptoderma is contagious, how the infection occurs, and also list the types of this ailment and preventive measures.

Streptoderma: what is it?

a disease caused by streptococcus
a disease caused by streptococcus

On the skin of any person there is microflora (conditionally pathogenic), which also includes streptococcus. This bacterium also lives on the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and intestines. Streptococcus feels great outside the human body. There he can live for more than one month, and infection of a person occurs upon contact with an object on which there is a microbe. Bacteria are quickly killed by disinfection and boiling.

Streptoderma is not the only disease of which streptococcus is the culprit. This microorganism causes tonsillitis, sore throat, scarlet fever, bronchitis. It is the cause of meningitis, pneumonia, glomerulonephritis, myocarditis, lymphadenitis, as well as erysipelas of skin inflammation and abscesses.

The microorganism usually does not harm a person while it lives on the skin, since the local immunity maintains the balance of microflora. But as soon as it penetrates the skin layers through microtrauma, the disease begins.

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Streptoderma in children is very often diagnosed in the nose, since babies love to poke around with their fingers, thereby injuring the mucous membrane. However, sometimes microtrauma and mechanical damage to the skin are not needed for the development of an ailment, a common allergic reaction, chickenpox, skin rash, urticaria, atopic dermatitis, etc. is enough.

Answering the question, is streptoderma contagious or not, we can say that it is a contagious disease. A sick person can infect others with these pathogenic bacteria. The source of bacteria are:

  • the skin of the carrier of the infection (even a healthy person);
  • household items: toys, towels, bed linen, furniture;
  • a sick person with other diseases caused by streptococci;
  • a healthy or sick carrier of streptococcus himself.

The main routes of infection

main routes of infection
main routes of infection

Now let's look at how this disease is transmitted. You can get infected with streptoderma in three ways:

  1. Direct contact. From a sick person, the infection can be transmitted to a healthy person by touching, kissing, skin contact, as well as during joint games. The same goes for transmission from a carrier who is not currently ill.
  2. Contact-household way. Streptococcus can be contracted by using common household items: books, towels, dishes, toys, etc.
  3. Airborne transmission is possible between children. This is the rarest method of infection. A microorganism from a sick person to a healthy person gets during a cough, sneezing. If the microbe enters the damaged skin areas, the disease will begin.

If we talk about how infectious streptoderma is, then this period lasts until the skin has characteristic signs of an ailment (usually from three to 14 days). In many respects, the duration of the disease and the duration of the infectiousness of the patient depend on the form of the pathology and the treatment performed. Sometimes there is a long course of the disease, which is difficult to treat and is accompanied by relapses. This usually happens against the background of the following diseases and conditions:

  • head lice, atopic dermatitis, allergic skin reactions, scabies;
  • with reduced immunity, anemia, chronic diseases or frequent incidence of ARVI;
  • with helminthiasis, jamming, in premature babies, malnutrition;
  • streptoderma in the area of ​​the auricles and nasal passages is poorly treated in the presence of rhinitis or otitis media, since these diseases are accompanied by secretions and irritation of the mucous membranes;
  • sunburn, too high or low temperatures, poor hygiene, prolonged contact with aggressive liquids or water, rarely changing a diaper;
  • accession of a secondary infection.

Types of streptoderma

temperature increase
temperature increase

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The manifestations of the disease in the acute stage depend on the localization of the inflammatory process, the form of the disease, the severity and depth of the lesion of the skin. Sometimes the disease can only cause temporary discomfort and go away without treatment, but the following symptoms are characteristic of severe manifestations of the disease:

  • temperature increase;
  • general intoxication is often observed (diarrhea, vomiting, headache and muscle pain, loss of appetite, lethargy);
  • increase and soreness of local lymph nodes;
  • in the KLA, a picture characteristic of the inflammatory process.

Depending on the location of the infection, the severity of the disease and the depth of penetration into the skin, several types of streptoderma are distinguished.

Streptococcal impetigo

streptococcal impetigo
streptococcal impetigo

This is the most common form. This includes streptoderma of the nasal passages and local skin lesions on the face, feet, hands and other open parts of the body. Streptococcus in this case affects the surface of the skin. There are several stages of this form of the disease:

  1. Initially, a bubble with a diameter of no more than 3 mm with a cloudy or transparent content appears. Redness of the skin is noted around it.
  2. Then the bubble opens with the formation of a yellowish dry or weeping crust.
  3. After the crust falls off, pinkish spots remain in this place, which pass over time.

On a separate site, the process lasts up to seven days. If treatment is started on time, then the rash does not spread. If untreated, the pathogen spreads throughout the body, multiple lesions are noted. In this case, the disease can last more than a month, contributing to the infection of others.

Slit impetigo

slit impetigo
slit impetigo

This ailment is popularly called a jam. Streptococcus usually affects the corners of the lips, less often the folds of the wings of the nose or the eyelids. At the beginning of the disease, a bubble appears, which causes itching, discomfort, soreness.

This form is usually characterized by a single lesion and quickly resolves with minor therapy. But if there is an inflammatory process near the site of the lesion (caries, oral candidiasis, gingivitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis), then the disease takes on a chronic course.

Nail felon

nail panaritium
nail panaritium

The inflammatory process around the nails begins when the pathogen enters the wounds. This usually occurs with cuticle and barb injuries. The disease is expressed in inflammation, swelling, redness. Phlegmon and erosive processes are often observed.

Infection of the skin near the nail can occur with streptococcus from the surface of the skin or with impetigo. Without treatment, the disease can lead to loss of the nail plate. Also, the infection can enter the bloodstream and lead to damage to other organs and meningitis.

Streptococcal diaper rash

The disease develops in young children with streptococcus infection of diaper rash sites, skin areas with manifestations of allergies and dermatitis. Usually this form of the disease is diagnosed in the folds behind the ears and under the armpits, as well as in the groin folds in children.

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Dry streptoderma

hooting streptoderma
hooting streptoderma

This form is more common on the face, torso, and limbs. At the same time, there are no characteristic weeping elements. Only reddish or pink spots of a rounded shape with uneven outlines appear on the skin. Their surface consists of whitish peeling particles of the epidermis.

This type of ailment does not cause much discomfort and does not actively spread to other parts of the body. However, the infectiousness of the patient is very high, so it is important to isolate the infected person and provide adequate treatment.

Bullous impetigo

It is a severe disease characterized by lesions of the feet, hands and knees. At the beginning of the disease, bubbles appear filled with serous-purulent contents. They are soft to the touch and have a characteristic inflammation around them. These bubbles grow rather slowly, and after spontaneous opening, open erosion appears in their place.

During this illness, general health may worsen, local lymph nodes increase, temperature rises, signs of general intoxication appear. It differs from other forms in external signs.

Ecthyma vulgar

ecthyma vulgar
ecthyma vulgar

This is the most severe type of streptoderma, in which the deep layers of the epidermis are affected. The disease is accompanied by tissue necrosis and the formation of deep ulcers. Usually ecthyma vulgaris is localized on the buttocks and lower limbs.

More often, the ailment develops after ARVI, chickenpox, influenza, intestinal infections, measles, hypovitaminosis and some systemic diseases, against which there is a decrease in immunity. The disease requires complex treatment.

Prevention of streptoderma

It is impossible to prevent infection with streptococcus, since this microorganism is very common. However, you can significantly increase the body's resistance and reduce the likelihood of contact with people who are active carriers.

To strengthen immunity in children, it is useful to adhere to the following rules:

  1. The kid must comply with the regime (sleep, games, rest, walks, study);
  2. Shown a complete varied diet, rich in minerals and vitamins;
  3. The child needs to be taught to follow the rules of hygiene;
  4. Sports activities, swimming, physical education, sunbathing, hardening will help to strengthen the immune system.

It is important to isolate children with streptoderma from healthy members of the children's collective in order to prevent an outbreak of the disease. And children who have been in contact with an infected baby are quarantined for 10 days.

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