Ureapplasma Parvum In Men: Treatment Regimen, Methods Of Infection And Symptoms

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Ureapplasma Parvum In Men: Treatment Regimen, Methods Of Infection And Symptoms
Ureapplasma Parvum In Men: Treatment Regimen, Methods Of Infection And Symptoms
Video: Ureapplasma Parvum In Men: Treatment Regimen, Methods Of Infection And Symptoms
Video: Ureaplasma Infection *what you need to consider* 2023, February
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Ureaplasma is a group of opportunistic microorganisms that are present in the digestive and reproductive systems and participate in the acts of digestion, as well as in the creation of normal natural microflora.

Ureaplasma Parvum is a type of ureaplasma. The predominant localization of ureaplasmas in men is on the membranes of sperm and epithelium of the genital organs, and in women in the mucous membrane of the vagina.

Ureaplasmas (parvum and urealiticum) are involved in the formation of many different diseases, including bacterial vaginosis and lead to complications of the course of pregnancy. A special disease - ureaplasmosis, which is caused by these microorganisms, can be both primary and secondary, in the presence of other infectious diseases in the body and a decrease in immunity.

Content

  1. Infection routes
  2. Ureaplasmosis symptoms
  3. Diagnosis of ureaplasmosis in men
  4. Drugs for the treatment of ureaplasma in men
  5. Folk remedies for the treatment of ureaplasmosis
  6. Output

Infection routes

The main ways of transmission of ureaplasma in adult men is contact-sexual. Most often, these microorganisms are found in sexually active adults, especially in those who practice unprotected sex.

It is possible that the infection moves up the urinary tract, up to the kidneys with the formation of pyelonephritis.

Ureaplasmosis symptoms

In men, the incubation period for diseases caused by Ureaplasma Urealyticum and Parvum is approximately 3 weeks to a month. The disease can be almost asymptomatic, or resemble mild urethritis. After the chronicity of the disease, the man's clinical symptoms disappear, however, the patient remains a carrier and can infect other people. At the same time, ureaplasmas are localized on the epithelium of the mucous membranes of the urogenital organs and continue to multiply.

The structure of the MPS in men
The structure of the MPS in men

Relapse (re-manifestation of the disease) of ureaplasmosis is dangerous, especially with a decrease in immunity due to various factors:

  • severe stress;
  • the presence of bad habits;
  • the appearance of other infectious diseases not associated with ureaplasma;
  • taking hormonal drugs.

The main possible symptoms in men with ureaplasmosis:

  • urethritis of a non-gonococcal nature - occurs in more than 30% of all patients, the disease proceeds slowly and often the symptoms disappear by themselves over time;
  • oliguria, while urine is cloudy and with a grayish tinge, especially during the first morning urination after sleep;
  • sharp or pressing pain, lesions of the urethra and impaired diuresis;
  • swelling and redness in the urethra, as well as on the surface of the glans penis;
  • orchitis, prostatitis, or epidymitis - inflammation of the testicle, prostate or epididymis;
  • asthenospermia.

Diagnosis of ureaplasmosis in men

When diagnosing ureaplasmosis in men, several microflora samples are taken:

General smear

The general smear displays the total number of leukocytes, the presence of various microorganisms and fungi. With the disease, leukocytosis (change in the number of leukocytes) may not be observed, or be extremely insignificant.

Polymerase chain reaction

To find the DNA of Ureaplasma Parvum in men, either the first portion of the morning urine is taken, or scrapings from the rectum and urogenital organs using a probe. PCR is performed for analysis for Ureaplasma Species. The upper limit of the norm for the presence of ureaplasma is the value of 10 to 3 degrees copies per 1 ml. With a value of 10 to 4 degrees per 1 ml, the diagnosis of ureaplasmosis is made only in the absence of other pathogenic microorganisms (chlamydia, mycoplasma, or gonococci). In the presence of an increased amount of Ureaplasma Parvum, the diagnosis is made only in the presence of inflammatory processes, in other cases it is regarded as a carrier of infection.

Bacteriological culture

Bacteriological culture makes it possible not only to confirm the diagnosis, but also to identify the sensitivity of a specific bacterial strain to antibiotics and select the appropriate treatment.

If the above research methods are insufficient, a blood test for ureaplasma or a microbiological study of male semen can be additionally performed.

Drugs for the treatment of ureaplasma in men

To treat the parasite, local and general treatment is carried out. General treatment includes taking immunomodulators and vitamins.

For local treatment in the presence of an inflammatory process, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and physiotherapy procedures are used.

Antibiotics are prescribed individually after receiving the results of the bacteriological culture from the microbiological laboratory.

Most often, according to clinical guidelines for the treatment of ureaplasmosis in men, they are used:

  • Erythromycin;
  • Rovamycin;
  • Roxithromycin;
  • Clarithromycin.

The duration of taking antibiotics is, on average, 2 weeks. Depending on various factors, the course can be either more or less, but not less than 7 days. After completing the medication, you need to visit the doctor again for tests. With positive results of therapy, the patient is prescribed the timing of the following tests to monitor recovery. In case of negative results, a second microbiological study is carried out and the antibiotic regimen is changed.

Folk remedies for the treatment of ureaplasmosis

Folk remedies for the treatment of ureaplasmosis should be used as additional methods of treatment with antibiotic therapy prescribed by a doctor. Most often, decoctions from herbal collections of calendula, tansy, celandine, valerian and birch buds are used for treatment. They are also effective against other diseases such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis.

Output

Ureaplasmosis in men is a dangerous disease that may not show its vivid symptoms for a long time. Long-term carriage of such an infection can harm not only the carrier himself, but also his close partners. If the first signs of a urogenital infection are found, you should immediately consult a specialist.

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