Worms In The Head: Types, Symptoms And Treatment

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Worms In The Head: Types, Symptoms And Treatment
Worms In The Head: Types, Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Worms In The Head: Types, Symptoms And Treatment

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Parasitic diseases are among the most common pathologies. According to statistics, every third person on the planet is a carrier of one or another type of parasite. Penetrating into the human body through the digestive system, they spread to various organs in search of the most suitable habitat. Thus, pathogens can choose the liver, lungs, intestines, and sometimes the brain as their home. Worms in the brain are not diagnosed very often, but such cases still occur.

This kind of phenomenon poses a direct threat to human life.

In addition, they can easily be confused with symptoms of other pathologies. Therefore, most often a person applies for medical help if there are already serious violations.

Content

  1. Worms that can settle in the head
  2. Pork tapeworm
  3. Echinococcus
  4. Alveococcus
  5. Ascaris
  6. Dirofilaria
  7. Other parasites affecting the brain
  8. Toxoplasma
  9. Amoebas
  10. Treatment
  11. Prevention
  12. Output

Worms that can settle in the head

There are several ways for parasitic worms to enter the brain. For example, some pathogenic organisms, entering the intestinal lumen, destroy the walls and enter the bloodstream, through which they migrate throughout the body. They can enter the bronchi and lungs, and then into the brain.

In addition, parasites can enter the brain through the respiratory system. The auricles are also a kind of entrance for them. To do this, pathogens do not even need to enter the digestive tract, they can penetrate into the ear canal while swimming in a dirty pond.

The presence of worms in the head leads to the development, for example, of diseases such as:

  • ascariasis;
  • echinococcosis;
  • cysticercosis.

The human brain is a favorable environment for the active life of pathogenic organisms. Their parasitism in the organ becomes the cause of the gradual destruction of cells, which ultimately leads to the development of various mental disorders.

Clinical manifestations of the pathological process directly depend on the habitat of the parasitic organisms. So, for example, their localization in the right hemisphere negatively affects mental activity, memory functioning, and the process of thinking.

Finding the same worms in the left hemisphere leads to disruption of the normal functioning of the speech apparatus.

Most often, the brain is affected by such parasites as: roundworm, pork tapeworm, echinococcus, amoeba, toxoplasma.

Pork tapeworm

As a rule, infection with this type of parasitic worm occurs when eating pork meat. It is the pigs that act as an intermediate host, but dogs and, in some cases, domestic rabbits can also be infected. The final owner of the pork tapeworm is man. The parasite can stay in the brain for quite a long time, gradually destroying its cells. Even after death, the products of its decay cause considerable harm, provoking inflammatory processes in the organ.

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Pork tapeworm provokes such a parasitic disease as cysticercosis, which develops as a result of the penetration of the larvae (Finn) of this helminth into the digestive tract.

Exposure to gastric juice leads to the destruction of the shell of the eggs, and they move through the bloodstream to the brain, less often to the muscles and eyes. Once in the brain, they turn into a kind of bubbles filled with colorless liquid. The number of such bubbles in the brain can reach tens or even hundreds.

The disease manifests itself with the following symptoms:

  • violation of visual function;
  • sleep disorder;
  • mental changes;
  • dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system;
  • headache, vomiting;
  • convulsive seizures.

The clinical picture and treatment of this kind of helminthic invasion depends on the location of the parasites and on their number. Both drug therapy and surgery can be prescribed. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is of decisive importance in recognizing cysticercosis.

Echinococcus

Echinococcus is a parasite belonging to the genus of tapeworms that develop in the intestines of animals. This parasitic organism rarely enters the brain; its favorite habitat is the liver and other organs. Infection usually occurs through contact with animals or when eating meat that has undergone poor-quality heat treatment.

The ingress of the worm into the brain leads to the development of echinococcosis. The disease manifests itself with symptoms such as:

  • dizziness;
  • mental disorders;
  • paresis;
  • headache;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • epileptic seizures;
  • increased intracranial pressure.
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With timely treatment, the consequences of echinococcosis of the brain are favorable both for life and health, and for the professional activity of a person.

Alveococcus

Alveococcosis of the brain is a helminthic invasion, which is provoked by the larvae of tapeworms.

Macroscopically, it has the appearance of a tumor-like formation with a dense consistency, it can reach the size of a chicken egg, in some cases even more. Symptomatically manifests itself as headache, dizziness, vomiting.

Ascaris

This type of parasite is ubiquitous, there is practically no organ in which they would feel uncomfortable. Penetrating into the human brain, they provoke the appearance of such symptoms:

  • frequent changes in blood pressure;
  • migraine;
  • episodes of fainting;
  • disorder of the nervous system;
  • general intoxication of the body.

Sometimes ascariasis of the brain can have a similar clinical picture with cancer.

Dirofilaria

Dirofilariasis is a parasitic disease caused by roundworms - nematodes. Helminth migration occurs through the bloodstream, in this way it penetrates into various organs, including the brain.

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Man is an intermediate host, in his body the pathogen is in the larval stage. The final owners of dirofilariae, in the body of which they actively develop and reproduce, are dogs and cats.

The first symptom of the disease can be considered the appearance of a tumor-like formation under the skin, accompanied by redness and itching in this area of ​​the body.

Other parasites affecting the brain

Toxoplasma

They are pathogenic microorganisms that affect feline animals. The penetration of parasites of this species into the human body occurs through direct contact with the excrement of cats.

The presence of this kind of pathogens in the brain leads to strokes, headaches, convulsive seizures, impaired thinking, dizziness, and memory problems.

Amoebas

They are among the simplest microorganisms whose habitat is water bodies. The main route of infection with these parasites is the nasal passages. They enter the human body while swimming in contaminated water bodies.

Amoebas feed on brain cells, gradually destroying it, this is one of the most dangerous types of parasites.

Treatment

The most suitable treatment tactics can only be selected by a doctor, while the sooner the necessary measures are taken, the more favorable the prognosis will be. Therefore, if you experience any alarming symptoms, you should not postpone the visit to a specialist.

Cysticercosis of the brain can be eliminated using traditional therapy. Treatment in this case is based on the use of antiparasitic agents such as - Aldbenazole and Praziquantel.

In addition, these drugs may be prescribed:

  • diuretics that help reduce cerebral edema;
  • anti-inflammatory medications to relieve pain;
  • hormonal agents that prevent the occurrence of allergic reactions;
  • anticonvulsants to help prevent seizures.

In the presence of cystic formations that are not amenable to therapeutic treatment, a surgical operation may be prescribed.

Treatment of echinococcosis, as a rule, requires surgical intervention, since the causative agent of the disease is immune to medicinal substances. Medicines are prescribed in order to reduce the severity of symptomatic manifestations of the pathological process.

It is also worth noting that the use of folk remedies in the fight against brain parasites is completely ineffective. Unauthorized home treatment can only aggravate the situation.

Prevention

For complete confidence in the absence of "settlers" in the body, it is advisable to annually conduct a preventive examination of all family members. Today, for this purpose, it is enough to pass a special blood test that allows you to identify most types of parasites.

In addition, in order to prevent illness, it is very important to follow preventive measures, which include:

  • obligatory hand washing before meals;
  • preventive treatment of pets;
  • eating meat products only after heat treatment.

Output

Worms in the brain are a rather serious problem that requires timely action. If symptoms appear that indicate the presence of helminthic invasion, you should definitely consult a doctor. Since the earlier the disease is detected, the easier it will be to get rid of it.

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