Tapeworms In Fish And Meat

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Tapeworms In Fish And Meat
Tapeworms In Fish And Meat

Video: Tapeworms In Fish And Meat

Video: Tapeworms In Fish And Meat
Video: WARNING!! TAPEWORM PARASITE SUSHI! Would You Eat This Fish? 2023, December
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Tapeworms
Tapeworms

The tapeworm (from the Latin Eucestoda) is a tapeworm that leads a parasitic lifestyle. These invertebrates are also called cestodes, and the diseases they cause are called cestodes. Often, the worm enters the human body with food, but tapeworm infection can also be transmitted through water when the larvae are in it.

During its life cycle, the parasite changes several hosts, going through 3-4 stages in its development. Adults lay eggs in the intestines of a person or animal, which then enter the external environment. They develop into larvae that are ready to infect the intermediate host. The next stage is the formation of the Finns (dormant embryo), the growth of an adult tapeworm in a person and its vital activity.

Content

  1. Types of tapeworms
  2. What kind of fish is tapeworm?
  3. How to remove tapeworm from the body
  4. Pills
  5. Folk recipes
  6. What tests should I take?
  7. Prevention
  8. Output

Types of tapeworms

The class of tapeworms is quite extensive and includes several types of parasites. When ingested, each of them causes malfunctions in the work of internal organs and systems, therefore, it is dangerous to human health.

The human intestine is mainly affected by the following types of tapeworms:

  1. Wide ribbon. It has a laterally flattened head and a body consisting of many segments. The average size of the worm varies from 4 to 15 m. It is the cause of the development of diphyllobothriasis. The patient complains of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, weakness, stool disorders. The parasite enters the small intestine if a person has consumed uncooked fish or raw pike caviar.

    Photo of a wide tapeworm in a fish
    Photo of a wide tapeworm in a fish
  2. Pork tapeworm. Length 10-15 m. The presence of special hooks on the head of the pork tapeworm allows it to tightly attach to the intestinal mucosa. The characteristic symptoms of infection are diarrhea, loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain of various kinds. It uses pigs, hares, dogs as intermediate hosts. Therefore , the meat of these animals that has not undergone heat treatment is extremely dangerous and is not allowed for consumption.
  3. Bovine tapeworm, or cow tapeworm. In the form of a larva, it lives in the small intestine of cattle, and the tape stage occurs after entering the human body. It is attached to its owner using several suction cups located on the head. Causes teniarinchiasis, due to which there are disorders of the digestive system and toxic-allergic reactions. But usually it is asymptomatic, which makes it difficult to detect the disease in the initial stages. Tapeworm larvae enter the human body from poorly cooked contaminated meat.

    photo of teniarinhoz in meat
    photo of teniarinhoz in meat
  4. Cucumber tapeworm, or dog tapeworm. The maximum length is 5 m. A person becomes infected by swallowing the eggs of these worms, which fall on their hands as a result of contact with sick or stray animals (dogs, cats). The signs of tapeworm in humans are the same as in other species. Itching in the anal area is also characteristic, which intensifies at night.

What kind of fish is tapeworm?

Most often tapeworms live in freshwater fish: pike, bream, salmon, trout, crucian carp, roach, pike perch and other species. Saltwater fish are extremely rarely infected, because representatives of helminthic infestation cannot tolerate salt. However, worms can be found in pollock, herring and anadromous species such as chum salmon and pink salmon.

It should be noted that seafood is almost always transported frozen. This reduces the risk of developing parasitic diseases, because the tapeworm and its larvae cannot withstand low temperatures and die. But it is absolutely impossible to eat fish infected with tapeworm.

How to remove tapeworm from the body

Getting rid of tapeworm requires treatment. On average, it lasts 10 days and consists of the use of preparations containing poisons, because most tapeworms are too resistant. During treatment, the patient must be in the hospital and be under the constant supervision of doctors.

Pills

The list of anthelmintic drugs is quite wide:

  • Nemozole. It affects a vital protein, due to which the locomotor activity of the parasite is reduced, and it cannot be retained in the intestine. Also, the drug disrupts the functioning of the reproductive system, and the tapeworm can no longer multiply. Available in the form of tablets and suspensions.
  • Praziquantel. Increases the permeability of the cell membranes of parasites, as a result of which they are paralyzed. In addition, the medication damages the outer layer of the worms and makes them vulnerable to the enzymes of the digestive system.
  • Azinox. At the same time, it removes tapeworms and improves the functioning of the digestive tract.
  • Vermox. Effectively fights only small individuals.
  • Helmadol-VM. The drug is capable of removing worms from the body, the size of which reaches its maximum.
  • Mebendazole. It will help only at the beginning of the development of parasitic diseases, because it is distinguished by a gradual action.

You also need to take other medicines:

  • Laferon, Cycloferon and other immunomodulators in order to enhance the body's defenses;
  • Colibacterin, Linex, Hilak to normalize digestion;
  • activated carbon, Sorbeks, Polysorb, which have antitoxic properties.

Sometimes drugs do not give the desired result, so there is a need for surgical intervention. The reason for radical methods can be the spread of parasites to internal organs, blockage of the biliary tract or the appearance of worms in the eyeball.

Folk recipes

Many patients try to get rid of the problem on their own, but removing tapeworms at home is very difficult. You can achieve positive dynamics by adding fresh fruits, berries and dishes with spices to your daily diet. It is also recommended to increase the amount of salt consumed.

There are other traditional medicine recipes for dealing with tapeworms:

  • Consume 1 cup of pumpkin seeds every day without peeling or frying. It is advisable to drink it with garlic milk. To do this, add peeled garlic (1 clove) to boiling milk (0.5 l).
  • Crush 1 cup pumpkin seeds, then mix with berry juice and eat. Drink 2 tsp. castor oil.
  • Eat up to 10 fresh garlic. You can drink it with water or milk. After 1-2 hours, you need to take a laxative medicine.

What tests should I take?

To identify parasites, you first need to see a doctor to confirm your suspicions. For this, the patient is examined, tests and an ultrasound examination are prescribed, which helps to detect a large tapeworm.

The study of biomaterial is carried out in the following ways:

  • Stool analysis. The procedure allows you to identify the eggs and segments of the worms. It is recommended to take such an analysis at least twice a year. However, this method does not bring one hundred percent results.
  • Blood test. When infected with helminths, the composition of the blood changes immediately. Increases the number of leukocytes.
  • Scraping from the perianal folds.

Prevention

To avoid infection with worms, you need to follow some preventive measures. Those patients who have suffered from various forms of helminthiasis should regularly (once every six months) undergo a medical examination.

You also need:

  • keep your hands clean, wash them more often with liquid soap, especially after caring for animals;
  • thoroughly process meat and fish before eating;
  • regularly clean the room using disinfectants;
  • pour boiling water over fruits and vegetables;
  • periodically take a complex of vitamins to strengthen the immune system;
  • periodically eat pumpkin seeds.

Output

Every person has a risk of contracting tapeworms. The most common route for tapeworms to enter the body is by eating contaminated meat or fish. To prevent the occurrence of such a problem, you need to buy frozen food and bring it to full readiness. If the tapeworm has entered the intestines, it is necessary to go to the hospital and take special medications to remove the worms, improve digestion and restore general health.

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