How To Get Rid Of Lamblia In The Liver

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How To Get Rid Of Lamblia In The Liver
How To Get Rid Of Lamblia In The Liver

Video: How To Get Rid Of Lamblia In The Liver

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Single-celled intestinal parasites cause disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). The microbe parasitizes in the small intestine, hepatic lamblia, which affects the bile ducts, is less common. Young children and adults with weakened immune systems are susceptible to parasitic infection.

Content

  1. Causes and symptoms of giardiasis of the liver
  2. Incubation of the parasite in the intestine
  3. Symptoms
  4. Signs of giardiasis of the liver
  5. Diagnosis of the disease
  6. Treatment of giardiasis
  7. First step
  8. Second phase
  9. Stage three
  10. Alternative medicine recipes
  11. Prevention of the disease
  12. Output

Causes and symptoms of giardiasis of the liver

The microorganisms causing the disease are flagellate protozoa, members of the species Giardia lamblia (Giardia duodenalis). Trophozoites are a mobile, vegetative form. In unfavorable conditions, cysts or oval spores are formed. Trophozoites penetrate into the bile ducts and liver.

The symptoms and treatment of giardiasis are in many ways similar to helminthic invasions. The goal of therapy is not only to remove lamblia from the liver, but also to eliminate the consequences for the body from the vital activity of microbes.

Incubation of the parasite in the intestine

Giardia is spread with faeces. Cysts are transmitted through contaminated food and water. Infection occurs after a few days, but infection does not necessarily mean illness. After swallowing, lamblia cysts develop for some time in the human intestine. The trophozoites then enter the large intestine, form cysts, and are excreted in the faeces.

The incubation period lasts from 3 to 25 days. Symptoms often appear 5-10 days after infection. After 1–1.5 weeks, giardiasis can become chronic.

Symptoms

Acute giardiasis manifests itself in infants and young toddlers as food poisoning. The chronic form is accompanied by inflammation of the intestinal mucosa, biliary tract.

Signs of giardiasis of the liver

Giardia migrate from the duodenum into the bile ducts. The infection causes abdominal pain localized in the right hypochondrium, fever, severe diarrhea, flatulence, vomiting, weight loss, dermatitis. Occasionally, protozoa enter the bloodstream through small ulcers in the intestinal mucosa, transported to the liver, and parasitize the organ, destroying it from the inside.

Signs of chronic damage to the bile ducts and liver by lamblia:

  • unstable stools, alternating diarrhea and constipation, yellowish stool;
  • sleep disturbances, irritability and other neurotic disorders;
  • itching, rashes and other allergic manifestations;
  • nausea, pain in the upper right abdomen;
  • pale or dingy skin tone;
  • cracks in the corners of the mouth.

The World Health Organization has proposed a classification that separates the asymptomatic form (carriage) and clinically expressed giardiasis. The intestinal variety manifests itself in the form of enterocolitis (inflammation of the intestines).

Chronic giardiasis causes damage to the organs of the hepatobiliary system (liver, gallbladder and ducts). Dyskinesia of the biliary tract, cholecystitis develop. Giardiasis often accompanies chronic hepatitis B.

Diagnosis of the disease

Scatological examination is one of the methods for detecting cysts in the stool. A microscopic examination of freshly obtained feces is carried out. After taking a laxative, vegetative forms - trophozoites - enter the feces. After 2 hours from the moment of collection of feces for analysis, cysts and trophozoites are not detected. Accuracy with a three-fold examination reaches 90%.

Giardia can be found in the duodenum. Probing and examination of the duodenal contents are carried out.

In the laboratory, blood for roundworms and lamblia is taken from the cubital vein. The immune system begins producing antibodies in response to the parasite's antigens 2–4 weeks after infection. The accuracy of the enzyme immunoassay is 90%. The level of specific proteins in the blood plasma allows you to determine the acute and chronic process. In some cases, the doctor recommends repeating the test after three weeks.

Treatment of giardiasis

The stages of therapy and the timing of the disease in acute and chronic forms differ significantly.

Treatment of giardiasis

Acute form Chronic form
The patient is prescribed an antiparasitic drug. The course of therapy is 5-7 days. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3
Reduction of intoxication. Eradication of the parasite with drugs that kill lamblia. Improving immunity, preventing the reproduction of lamblia.

Taking an agent that kills lamblia by an unprepared patient worsens the condition of the body. In chronic giardiasis with damage to the hepatobiliary system, the number of parasites can be large. Toxin levels rise rapidly due to mass death. Symptoms of the disease are sharply exacerbated, severe allergic reactions occur.

First step

Diet must be followed. The patient is prepared meals rich in fiber that do not overload the gastrointestinal tract (cereals, vegetable purees, dried fruit compotes). Useful apple pudding, sweetened rice water, blueberry jelly. Excluded from the diet are meat and fish products, difficult to digest, milk and dairy products. Carbohydrate food is limited.

Medicines are shown:

Group Healing effect Trade names
Cholekinetics, choleretic Increases bile production Holosas, Hofitol, Flamin.
Enterosorbents Absorbs toxins Polyphepan, Enterosgel.
Antihistamines Relieve allergic manifestations Zyrtek, Eslotin, Tavegil.
Enzyme Improves Digestion Creon, Mezim, Pancreatin.
Probiotics and eubiotics Normalize the composition of the gastrointestinal microflora Lactofiltrum, Acipol, Bifiform, Yoghurt (in capsules).
Antidiarrheal Relieve diarrhea Enterol, Hilak forte.
Antispasmodics Reduce abdominal cramping and pain No-Shpa, Duspatalin.
Homeopathic Increase bile secretion Hepel.

Patients over 5 years of age are given tyubages twice a week to relieve intoxication from metabolic products and the decay of dead lamblia. The procedure helps to eliminate congestion in the bile and liver, improves the outflow of bile.

Second phase

Antiparasitic agents are used. When prescribing medications, their safety and effectiveness are taken into account. Previously, metronidazole, tinidazole, furazolidone were widely used, to which the parasites developed resistance.

Preparations:

Active substance Tradename
Albendazole Nemozole, Albendazole, Zentel.
Ornidazole Tiberal, Ornidazole-Vero.
Nifuratel McMiror.

The choice of medication depends on the concomitant diseases. When combined with ascariasis, reactive changes in the liver and gallbladder, Nemozole, Albendazole are preferable. A child with giardiasis and atopic dermatitis is prescribed Tiberal. Simultaneously with the intake of an antiparasitic agent, a course of therapy with antihistamines and enterosorbents continues.

Stage three

The patient is prescribed eubiotics, enzyme preparations to eliminate intestinal dysbiosis. They use alternative medicine, mainly of plant origin, with anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, adaptogenic and multivitamin effects. The total duration of treatment for chronic giardiasis reaches 2-3 months.

Alternative medicine recipes

Tubage for giardiasis is carried out using a heating pad and mineral water (still). "Narzan", "Essentuki", "Borjomi" are suitable. In the morning, take 300 ml of mineral water (22-25 ° C). They are located on the right side with a warm heating pad attached to the liver area. After visiting the toilet, they drink 50-100 ml of mineral water. After the procedure, they must follow a diet.

How to get rid of lamblia folk remedies:

  1. Grind 100 green walnuts, pour 1 liter of vodka, leave for 2 weeks. The solution is filtered. Take 1 tsp. before eating.
  2. Insist 50 g of chopped garlic cloves in 250 ml of vodka for a week. Take 20 drops with water before each main meal.
  3. Insist 20 g of corn stigmas in 200 ml of chilled boiled water for 3 hours. Take 50 ml 2 times a day.
  4. Grind 100 pumpkin seeds, infuse in 20 ml of water with 20 g of honey. Eat within 1 hour, then take a laxative and make an enema.
  5. Prepare an infusion of 10 g of tansy flowers and 100 g of boiling water in a thermos. Take in small sips.

The menu includes natural enterosorbents. Such properties are possessed by jelly and decoctions of vegetables, fruits, rich in pectins.

Prevention of the disease

If the parasitic infection is not treated, then the breakdown and absorption of nutrients are disrupted, the intestinal barrier and the immune system are weakened.

Consequences of giardiasis in children:

  • prolongation of treatment, aggravation of symptoms of allergies, intestinal infections, skin diseases;
  • activation of pathogenic microflora, dysbiosis;
  • lag in mental and physical development;
  • decrease in the effectiveness of vaccination;
  • Iron-deficiency anemia;
  • chronic intoxication;
  • hypovitaminosis;
  • protein deficiency.

Non-drug prevention - disinfection of water by boiling, rinsing fruits and vegetables under running water before drinking. After using the toilet, all family members should thoroughly wash their hands with soap and water before eating. For wet cleaning in rooms, disinfectants are used.

According to WHO recommendations, drug prevention of parasitic diseases is carried out twice a year - in November and April. Anthelmintics are given, mainly albenadzole and mebenadzole. The dosage of the medicine is the same as for the treatment of the disease. It is recommended to treat pets for parasites at the same time.

Output

Adults are more likely to be carriers of cysts, and children are sick (up to 80% of cases). The first symptoms of giardiasis are similar to helminthic invasions. Parasitic infection is most dangerous for young children, patients with reduced immunity.

Giardiasis often becomes chronic after a short, sometimes imperceptible, acute period. Mainly the small intestine and gallbladder ducts are affected. The most effective stage-by-stage drug therapy of chronic giardiasis. For drug prevention of the disease, the same drugs are used that are prescribed to get rid of parasites.

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