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Infection (invasion) with bovine tapeworm is called teniarinhoz. This type of helminthiasis can be acute or chronic. The length of the bovine tapeworm often reaches from 8 to 11 meters in length. They parasitize in the human body for a long time, causing harm to their host.
- Life cycle and routes of infection
- Folk remedies
Life cycle and routes of infection
In natural conditions, the larvae (cysticercus or Finns) are carried by female horseflies. The bovine tapeworm enters the insect's body along with the blood of bulls, buffaloes, yaks, etc., for which they were intermediate hosts.
Larvae begin to develop in cattle in muscle tissue (its representatives are intermediate hosts). In addition to a horsefly bite, a person can become infected with a similar parasite through food. For example, when eating jerky or salted meat of an infected bull. Infection can occur through meat fillets that have not been fried enough.
These parasitic worms (like worms) move freely in the body of the main host, crawling out of the intestine in an amount of 6 to 7 pieces. The body of the bovine tapeworm has a jointed structure with a head and a great length. The development and origin of the disease always follows the same pattern. Finns enter the digestive tract. In this they are helped by gastric and intestinal juice, as well as bile.
Then tapeworm larvae stick to the mucous membrane, which is located in the colon. After that, the segments (scolexes) of such a parasite begin to form, further harming their host. Since this tapeworm is a hermaphrodite, it reproduces without the participation of another worm. In the human body, bovine tapeworm feeds on particles of digested food.
Infection with such a tapeworm follows a special pattern. At the very beginning of the disease, the patient is not disturbed by any unpleasant symptoms. The most affected human organs in this disease are the intestines and stomach. After the invasion of the bovine tapeworm passes into the chronic stage, constant nausea will appear, often turning into vomiting and flatulence. In addition, heartburn, diarrhea, or vice versa, constipation and dizziness may occur.
In almost all cases of infection with a similar parasite, a strong separation of saliva appears. General weakness, insomnia and excessive fatigue are also common, since the presence of a worm affects the nervous system.
If the bovine tapeworm in meat gets into the body, allergic reactions may appear in the form of a rash and red spots on the skin.
You can find out that such a tapeworm has appeared in the body by the exit of such a helminth during defecation or its segments. As a rule, if you do not get rid of it, it can live in the body of its owner for more than two decades.
Diagnostic procedures will help determine whether the infection was a bovine tapeworm or not. With their help, you can find out at what stage of infection the patient is. For diagnostics they take:
- Cal. Fecal ovoscopy is performed or a scraping is taken. One of the most effective tests is the study of feces under a microscope.
- Gastric juice. Its acidity decreases significantly after infection with tapeworms.
- Blood (including ifa - enzyme immunoassay). A decrease in the level of leukocytes and erythrocytes will indicate that the invasive stage for a person has already begun.
In addition to these tests, an X-ray of the intestine may be needed. If the presence of such a parasite has been detected, the doctor will prescribe treatment that will help remove the bovine tapeworm from the body.
Treatment of a patient infected with bovine tapeworm should consist of three stages:
- Training. It must last at least 14 days. You will need a complete cleansing of the body from the waste products of the parasite. This will help the intake of sorbing substances, for example, Enterosgel. At this stage, you must definitely drink 2 tsp. flax or pumpkin seed oils.
- Taking medications. The most effective drugs for the treatment of teniarhynchiasis are described below. Medication can be combined with the use of traditional medicine.
- Supportive therapy. At this stage, the use of drugs that increase immunity is recommended. These are succinic acid, echinacea and ginseng. In addition, the intake of vitamin complexes is very effective.
All listed funds are used only after consultation with the attending physician.
The most commonly prescribed drugs for bovine tapeworm are:
Biltricide. The daily dose is 2 tablets (unless the doctor has prescribed a different dosage regimen). This remedy effectively fights all types of tapeworms. Contraindications to use are liver cirrhosis, children under 5 years of age and pregnancy. Use with caution, as Biltricide may cause side effects (drowsiness, fever, dizziness and disturbed stools). In rare cases, a rash or seizure occurs. Basically, such a medicine does not cause disturbances in the activity of the body.
- Praziquantel. The remedy is taken at 125 mg once a day with plenty of water. Contraindications include lactation, the first two trimesters of pregnancy and liver disease. Overdose with Praziquantel may cause nausea, seizures, fever and abdominal pain.
- Fenasal. The main active ingredient of such a drug is niclosamide, which effectively copes with tapeworms at any stage. The advantage of this remedy is that it can be taken by children from 2 years of age. The dosage depends on the age. Capsules are taken on an empty stomach, immediately after waking up, with plenty of warm water. After 2 hours, you must take a laxative. To completely get rid of the parasites, a second course of treatment is required. Side effects are possible, such as itchy skin, dizziness and nausea. Fenasal is contraindicated in pregnancy and women who are breastfeeding.
- Trichlosal. As part of this remedy, a combination of two active substances - dichlofen and fenasal, destroying not only the adult tapeworm but also its eggs. The drug is taken before meals by stirring the powder in water according to the instructions. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. Side effects are possible in the form of headache, rash, nausea, sometimes turning into vomiting, and diarrhea. Among the contraindications are individual intolerance to fenasal or dichlofen, kidney disease, breastfeeding and any trimester of pregnancy.
- Dichlosal. This remedy is based on trichlorophene and phenosal, which will help if there was an infection by the Finns when eating meat. Treatment with such a drug is carried out only after consulting a doctor. Take 1 tablet after breakfast for 5-7 days. Overdose may cause side effects such as hives, vomiting, muscle aches and weakness throughout the body.
All of these drugs are taken only as directed by an infectious disease parasitologist after the diagnosis.
Traditional medicine will help to cope with the bovine tapeworm. The most effective ones are presented below:
- Pumpkin seeds. They should be dried and eaten within a few days. The daily dose is 50-75 g. In this case, you need to consume as much liquid as possible.
- A decoction of elecampane roots. For 1 glass of water, you should take 2 tsp. crushed dry raw materials. Pour elecampane with liquid and cook until the water turns dark brown. Cool the finished product, strain and drink 0.5 cups in the morning and evening. To make the bovine tapeworm infusion work faster, it is better to carry out a similar procedure on an empty stomach. The treatment course should last at least 4 days.
- Wormwood broth. Half a glass of dry wormwood should be poured with a liter of water. Cook until the water changes color. Drink half a glass for 3 days.
While treatment with folk remedies is being carried out, patients infected with bovine tapeworm are recommended to adhere to a slag-free diet. You also need to fry the meat well, because the tapeworm larva dies at a temperature of 100 degrees. It is necessary to exclude fatty, smoked, fried, salted and sweet foods.
You should temporarily abandon apricots, peaches, sorrel, legumes, radish and cabbage. Such a diet should be based on buckwheat and rice porridge, kefir, jelly and herbal teas. The ban is imposed on sweet carbonated and alcoholic drinks.
A parasitologist-infectious disease doctor will help you choose the right treatment. In this case, the prognosis for the patient will be favorable.