Intestinal Acne: Symptoms And Treatment Of The Parasite

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Intestinal Acne: Symptoms And Treatment Of The Parasite
Intestinal Acne: Symptoms And Treatment Of The Parasite

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Intestinal eel, also known as strongyloid, is a filamentous helminth that is a representative of nematodes. Most often, it parasitizes in the duodenum. Treatment of intestinal acne should be carried out without fail, because, against the background of a weakened immunity, a person may develop hyperinfection - a phenomenon in which parasites develop too quickly. Under these conditions, the mortality rate is 90%.

Content

  1. Life cycle, migration methods
  2. Infection routes
  3. Symptoms
  4. Diagnostics
  5. Treatment
  6. Prevention

Life cycle, migration methods

intestinal acne development
intestinal acne development

When it enters the human body, intestinal acne causes a disease such as strongyloidosis. This parasite goes through a rather complex life cycle. Its development can take place in one of three scenarios:

  1. non-pathogenic worm larvae, entering the environment with feces, molt twice, after which they become pathogenic. This takes place over a period of three days. After penetration into the human body, the larvae continue to develop, turning into sexually mature individuals;
  2. non-pathogenic larvae, leaving the environment with human feces, enter the ground and go through four stages of molting, then turn into sexually mature individuals that produce non-pathogenic larvae. The latter follow a similar development path. The development period in this case takes 10 days;
  3. non-pathogenic larvae that have entered the body are transformed into pathogenic ones in the intestinal lumen. This usually happens if the infected person suffers from bowel disease, as well as chronic constipation (constipation). This path of development of parasites causes re-infection - autoinvasion.

Sexually mature specimen of the parasite is colorless and translucent. The female intestinal eel reaches up to 3 mm in length, while the size of the male usually does not exceed 1 mm.

The invasive stage of intestinal acne is the period during which individuals are able to continue developing inside the human body.

photo of intestinal acne
photo of intestinal acne

The life cycle of the male parasite stops after copulation: it is removed from the body along with the feces of the infected. The fertilized female lays about 40 eggs, which mature quickly. Some of them already contain free-moving larvae, which are also released into the external environment along with feces.

Infection routes

Helminthic invasion is the result of the penetration of the parasite into the body through:

  • drinking or bathing in contaminated water;
  • contact with the ground;
  • eating unwashed fruits or vegetables.

Worms can enter the body through the skin and also orally. In the first case, the larvae migrate through small vessels along with the blood flow, then penetrate into the alveoli of the lungs, where they are transformed into a sexually mature individual.

Fertilization of intestinal acne occurs in the trachea or bronchi. After that, the worms reach the pharynx through the respiratory tract and are swallowed with food or saliva. Thus, they enter the intestines. The eggs are laid there.

Symptoms

The disease is expressed in the following symptoms:

  • stomach ache;
  • flatulence;
  • vomiting, nausea;
  • itching in the anal area;
  • diarrhea alternating with constipation;
  • decreased appetite.

If parasites penetrate the skin, then the person has an allergic reaction: a pink-red skin rash, itching.

When worms migrate through the alveoli, primary infection of the lungs occurs, which is expressed in the appearance of cough without sputum discharge and wheezing in the lungs, shortness of breath and other symptoms of pneumonia, as well as in an increase in temperature.

Image
Image

Diagnostics

You can identify a parasitic disease using the following methods:

  • rectal swabs;
  • general and biochemical blood tests, determination of the level of cryoglobulins;
  • immunological determination of the quantity and quality of antibodies;
  • microscopic examination of feces.

After the diagnosis is made, the course of treatment is determined.

Treatment

Treatment of strongyloidiasis is based on taking drugs such as:

  • Ivermectin in combination with Albendazole;
  • Thiabendazole;
  • Nemozole;
  • Gentian violet

Also known are traditional methods of treating intestinal acne, which are recommended to be used only as part of complex therapy. One of them is an infusion of tansy. For cooking, take 3 tablespoons of dry raw materials, which are poured over 200 ml of hot water. You need to insist the composition for 1.5 hours. You need to take it three times a day, 2 tablespoons, between main meals.

Prevention

To prevent the likelihood of contracting intestinal acne, you need to:

  • eat foods only after they have been thoroughly sanitized;
  • drink only purified water;
  • when in contact with the ground, be sure to use rubber gloves and in no case walk on it barefoot;
  • wash your hands regularly with soap and water.

Intestinal acne is a parasite that parasites in the duodenum. In advanced cases, invasion can cause pulmonary hemorrhage and the development of a cancerous tumor of the respiratory system, as well as the coma of the patient. That is why the pathology requires immediate treatment.

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