Vlasoglav The Human: Symptoms And Treatment

Table of contents:

Vlasoglav The Human: Symptoms And Treatment
Vlasoglav The Human: Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Vlasoglav The Human: Symptoms And Treatment

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Паразиты внутри нас. Трихинеллез.Жить здорово! (03.06.2016) 2023, February
Anonim
Photo of human whipwind
Photo of human whipwind

One of the most common and dangerous parasites is the human whipworm. The round nematode worm is located in the large intestine and causes the pathology of trichocephalosis. Helminthic invasion is classified by rapid growth, reproduction, and the possibility of recurrence. The whipworm has an unusual body structure: the front part has a thin shape resembling hair, and the back part is thick, somewhat similar to a whip with a handle. Parasites lead to complex consequences, therefore it is important to take appropriate measures to eliminate them in a timely manner.

Content

  1. The life cycle of a whipworm
  2. Symptoms of trichocephalosis in adults
  3. Analysis
  4. Human whipworm treatment
  5. Prevention measures

The life cycle of a whipworm

The whipworms are found in the soil, where conditions are more comfortable for them to live. There are several ways of transmission of helminth:

  • unwashed vegetables, fruits - when the products touched the ground, the larvae stuck to the fruit, and when eaten by a person, they penetrate the intestines, then into the cecum, completely settle there and create their parasitic offspring;
  • flies - the insect sits on food, various products, discards the larva on them, then the parasite enters the body of the intermediate host with food intake;
  • from animal to person - for example, if a dog is infected with a whipworm, when stroking the fur, they cling to their hands, and a person puts them into their mouth (without washing their hands) with food, and this is how infection occurs;
  • another person infected with worms;
  • by the oral-fecal method - whipworm eggs enter the oral cavity through dirty hands, vegetables;
  • contaminated water is often the source of infection.

They are located in the small intestine, there they produce viable larvae, which invade the mucous membrane and grow to their maturity. This occurs within 7-10 days, then passes into the large intestine. Here helminths live, feeding on human blood (one individual can consume up to 0.5 ml). Vlasoglav is able to live in the body for 5-6 years, then it comes out with feces. The parasite can be up to 5.5 cm long.

Photo of whipworms found in feces
Photo of whipworms found in feces

In general, for the full maturation of the parasite into a sexually mature individual, it takes 2-3 months, then the female begins to lay eggs. The hatched larvae with feces leave the intestines and continue to live in moist soil, the incubation period is 18-25 days.

Symptoms of trichocephalosis in adults

Vlasoglav affects the intestinal mucosa, provoking complex intoxication of the body, since waste products enter the bloodstream. The symptomatology of trichocephalosis is determined by the degree of infection and is expressed by a disorder of the function of the entire human system. Nerve tissues, the digestive tract are damaged, and allergic rashes appear.

Signs of pathology resemble poisoning or intestinal disorders:

  • vomiting, nausea, heartburn;
  • weakness, malaise;
  • decreased appetite, exhaustion;
  • an increase in body temperature up to 39 ° C, fever;
  • flatulence, intense pain in the lower abdomen;
  • diarrhea, often with bleeding;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • fetid odor from the mouth;
  • decreased performance;
  • increased salivation;
  • decline in hemoglobin;
  • anemia;
  • increased gas production in the intestines.

Trichocephalosis in children, with poor nutrition or increased activation of the human whipworm can cause rectal prolapse. In general, infection in babies rarely occurs, mainly after 1 year, when he begins to move independently.

All of the above symptoms of the presence of helminths in the body are expressed in a complex manner, when the infection is strong and the number of roundworms in the bloodstream reaches 1000 pcs. With a small number of individuals (up to 800 pcs.), The signs of the disease are erased. The main symptom of a mild infection is inflammation of the cecum.

Analysis

After the onset of noticeable symptoms, you should seek medical help from a parasitologist. The doctor, if admitted to the presence of helminths, will send for diagnostic measures:

  • coproscopy - examination of the patient's feces for the presence of whipworm eggs;
  • KLA - establishes an increase in eosinophils and anemia, which becomes a sign of worms in the body;
  • sigmoidoscopy - examination of the intestinal mucosa; swelling, ulcers, hemorrhages characteristic of helminths are determined.

The main task of the physician is to exclude other ailments that are similar in their characteristics to trichocephalosis. The clinical picture of infection is supplemented by examination of the patient and by asking about the diagnostic signs. An insignificant number of whipworms or the first stage of development often lead to the fact that they are not visible in the analysis. Therefore, it is advisable to re-conduct the examination after 1-2 weeks, this is the only way to detect helminths and make the correct treatment.

Human whipworm treatment

When clarifying the diagnosis, therapeutic methods are carried out to eliminate trichocephalosis. The methods are aimed at the rapid removal of adults, larvae and at the prevention of complications that have appeared after damage to the entire system by parasites. The specialist will prescribe the following drugs:

  1. Antihelminthics (Piperazine, Vermox, Dekaris, Metronidazole) - for adults are used in the form of tablets, and for babies up to 6 years old, drugs are used in the form of a suspension.
  2. Antispasmodics (No-Shpa, Papaverine, Duspatalin) - are designed to relieve pain.
  3. Iron-containing agents (Fenuls, Ferroplex) - for anemia.
  4. Probiotics (Enterol, Bifiform) - to restore the intestinal microflora.
  5. Vitamins, mainly of group B - to strengthen the immune system.
  6. Antibiotics (Amoxiclav, Ceftriaxone) - will be required in case of a difficult course.

Anthelmintic drugs have contraindications that provoke side effects after their consumption, so you need to carefully read the instructions. A parasitic infection is easier to deal with when it is in its first stage of development. At the initial stage of the disease, it turns out to avoid dangerous complications, namely, damage to internal organs.

Rectal suppositories, ointments, and creams have a good result. Enemas will help speed up the elimination of human whipworm. Special solutions are made with the addition of garlic and onions. For the period of treatment, it is important to adhere to a diet, remove sea fish and meat from the diet (they weaken the immune system).

After healing, the patient for 6 months. should be observed by a doctor and use means for prevention.

Prevention measures

As a precaution for the formation of a whipwash, you must:

  • wash your hands after using the toilet and before eating;
  • do not eat vegetables, fruits not washed;
  • work in the garden with gloves;
  • drink filtered or purified water;
  • cover products so that a fly does not land on them;
  • to carry out the prevention of helminthiasis in their pets.

Infection with a human whipworm provokes unpleasant symptoms that require urgent treatment. In difficult situations, untimely access to a doctor can lead to death or long-term treatment. When worms are found, it is important to treat the entire family.

Popular by topic