Parasites In Muscles: Symptoms And Treatment

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Parasites In Muscles: Symptoms And Treatment
Parasites In Muscles: Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Parasites In Muscles: Symptoms And Treatment

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Video: Don't Ignore These Early Symptoms of Parasites In Your Body 2023, February
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human muscle structure
human muscle structure

Parasites in human muscles do not often settle, but it is impossible to exclude the possibility of infection. The main symptom of their presence is pain and discomfort in the affected area. It is quite difficult to independently understand that worms or their larvae have wound up in the muscles. The diagnosis and treatment should be handled by a physician. The longer the parasites exist in the patient's body, the more serious the consequences of such a neighborhood.

Content

  1. Parasites that can live in muscles
  2. Pork tapeworm and its larvae
  3. Guinea worm
  4. Filarias
  5. Spirometer
  6. Trichinella
  7. Infection symptoms
  8. Diagnostics
  9. Treatment
  10. Medicines and surgery
  11. How to get rid of parasites using folk methods
  12. Prevention of infection

Parasites that can live in muscles

In the muscles of a person can live such parasites as:

  • pork tapeworm larvae;
  • rishts;
  • filaria;
  • trichinella;
  • spirometers.
pork tapeworm larva
pork tapeworm larva

Pork tapeworm and its larvae

Pork tapeworm causes teniasis. Worms parasitize in the small intestine of the patient, but during vomiting, their larvae are thrown into the stomach. Of these, oncospheres are released, which migrate through the human body with the blood stream, settling in the muscles and other internal organs. This disease is called cysticercosis.

A person becomes infected with pork chain when eating pork meat that has not undergone heat treatment. Sometimes the larvae of the worms enter the body through water or with dirty hands. An infected person poses a danger to others, as it is the source of the spread of infection.

Guinea worm

Rishta is a round, threadlike worm that causes a disease called dracunculiasis. Parasites settle in intermuscular tissue and subcutaneous tissue. The disease is manifested by an increase in body temperature, skin rash, joint pain, swelling of the affected area. 8-10 days after the onset of the first symptoms, the worm comes out to the surface of the skin. This process is accompanied by severe pain.

Less commonly, they are found in the arms, back, abdomen, buttocks, and other parts of the body. Infection occurs when water is swallowed, which contain the Cyclops larvae of the rishta. They reach the muscles through soft tissues, penetrating them through the intestinal wall.

rishta cycle
rishta cycle

Filarias

Filariae are nematodes that parasitize muscles and the lymphatic system. The disease is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, lymphostasis, skin rash and itching. As it progresses, the patient develops elephantiasis of the limbs, eyes may suffer. Heart failure and the formation of an intermuscular abscess often become a complication of untreated parasitic invasion.

These muscle parasites can exist in the human body for over 20 years.

Spirometer

A spirometer is a worm that causes a disease called sparganosis. A person becomes infected by eating contaminated water or the meat of infected snakes, frogs or birds.

The infection is manifested by allergic reactions and muscle pain. They will be concentrated in the area where the parasite settles. Most often they live in the muscles of the extremities, although cases of damage to the lungs, brain, heart, and bladder are known.

Trichinella

Trichinella is a roundworm that causes a disease called trichinosis. It is distributed by wild boars, rats, pigs, bears and other animals that live in the wild. A person becomes infected by eating raw, smoked or salted meat. Trichinella live in the human intestine, and their larvae with blood flow are carried throughout the body. They are encapsulated in the muscles, where they can remain viable for about 10 years.

trichinella in muscles
trichinella in muscles

Infection symptoms

Immediately after infection, there will be no signs. They appear as the number of worms or their larvae increases. Parasites cause joint and muscle pain and other symptoms, including:

  • skin rash;
  • itchy skin;
  • an increase in lymph nodes in size;
  • increased body temperature;
  • general malaise;
  • insomnia;
  • decreased immunity;
  • disorder of the digestive system;
  • change in the part of the body that has been affected (swelling, redness, skin ulceration, etc.).

Symptoms depend on the location of the parasites, the degree of their activity, and the specific type of worm.

Diagnostics

If a parasitic invasion is suspected, the patient should be referred to an infectious disease specialist. The doctor will perform a physical examination and then order laboratory tests. Blood sampling and ELISA are possible. This serological method detects antibodies to a specific parasite. In some cases, instrumental examination is performed, for example, ultrasound of soft tissues, abdominal organs, joints.

Sometimes interviewing the patient helps to suspect a parasitic invasion. The doctor specifies in which countries or endemic areas the patient has visited, as well as what exotic food he ate.

Treatment

Medicines and surgery

Treatment depends on the type of parasite that has settled in the human body. You can deal with worms and their larvae in the following way:

  1. To combat filariasis, a course intake of Ditrazin is prescribed.
  2. Rishts go out into the water. When the head of the worm appears, it is removed by winding it on gauze. If there is a break in the parasite, then surgical intervention is necessary. Medications for treatment: Metronidazole or Thiabendazole. Their reception allows you to destroy the worm and it is easier to extract it from the muscles. With the development of bacterial complications, antibiotics are prescribed.
  3. Treatment of cysticercosis requires an operation to remove the larvae of the pork tapeworm. Be sure to prescribe medicines for worms, for example, Niclosamide or Praziquantel.
  4. Trichinosis is treated with Albendazole.
  5. Spirometers must be surgically removed from the muscles. If the operation is not possible, then intravenous administration of Novarsenol is prescribed.

In parallel with the main therapy, efforts are directed towards eliminating pain, removing intoxication from the body and stopping allergic reactions.

How to get rid of parasites using folk methods

Folk remedies against parasites are not able to help completely remove them from the body, but they can be used as auxiliary treatments. For this purpose, pumpkin seeds can be used, which are consumed on an empty stomach in an amount of 100 g. The diet includes cranberry juice, garlic, sauerkraut pickle, dill and caraway seeds. You need to practice folk remedies on yourself with caution and only after consulting a doctor.

Prevention of infection

In order to prevent worms and their larvae from entering the muscles, the following preventive measures must be observed:

  • drink clean water;
  • use products that have undergone high-quality heat treatment;
  • wash your hands thoroughly;
  • fight blood-sucking insects;
  • do not visit areas that remain at high risk of infection.

Parasites in the muscles can cause serious complications, up to and including death. Therefore, when suspicious symptoms appear, you need to consult a doctor, undergo diagnostics and start treatment as soon as possible.

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