Parasites In The Stomach: Symptoms And Treatment

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Parasites In The Stomach: Symptoms And Treatment
Parasites In The Stomach: Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Parasites In The Stomach: Symptoms And Treatment

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Video: Do I have a parasite? 2023, February
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The structure of the digestive tract
The structure of the digestive tract

Helminths are worms that lead a parasitic lifestyle. To do this, they use intermediate and main hosts, feeding on cells or tissues, absorbing nutrients and vitamins entering the body for the host. Worms in the human stomach, as well as in the intestine or other tissue structures, in the course of their vital activity, poison the body with toxic substances.

Content

  1. Types of parasites that enter the body through the stomach
  2. Symptoms of parasites and worms in the digestive tract
  3. Diagnostics
  4. Treatment
  5. Medicines
  6. Folk remedies
  7. Prevention measures

Types of parasites that enter the body through the stomach

Each type of parasite can develop in its inherent part of the human body, where the best conditions for its reproduction and nutrition are created. Certain types of parasites can move through the body from organ to organ. Infection with parasites occurs in a wide variety of ways. The most frequent way of penetration of parasites into the human body is alimentary. Problems can be avoided by following basic hygiene rules - washing your hands before eating food, as well as handling food thoroughly.

Parasites do not live in the human stomach for long, due to the effect of hydrochloric acid on their shell. The most common foreign microorganisms that parasitize the human body are:

  • Ascaris - have the ability to move through the ducts of the hepatic and pulmonary structures, penetrating into the intestines. In the small intestine, roundworms develop to sexually mature individuals.
  • Schistosomes - infect liver tissue, in advanced cases, provoking the development of oncological diseases and degeneration of the hepatobiliary system.

    Schistosoma
    Schistosoma
  • Hookworms - cause disturbances in the digestive tract. The most dangerous for the human body are hookworms and necators. Localization of parasites mainly in the area of ​​the duodenum. Hookworms are able to enter the human body not only through the stomach. Parasites have the ability to invade the skin, causing allergic reactions in the form of itching, burning and redness.
  • Toxoplasmas are the simplest parasites that often affect the human body. The disease proceeds quite easily, often imperceptibly for humans. Serious consequences for the body arise only in the case of severely weakened immunity.
  • Broad tapeworm - localized in the small part of the human intestine. It can reach several meters in length. The parasite provokes the development of a deficiency in the body of cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12), as well as folic acid. Toxic-allergic reactions of the body are not excluded. Infection occurs when eating fish affected by larvae.

    Broad tapeworm - causative agent of diphyllobothriasis
    Broad tapeworm - causative agent of diphyllobothriasis
  • Bovine tapeworm is a worm that provokes the development of a disease such as teniarinhoz. Penetrating into the human body by the alimentary way, the bovine tapeworm parasite passes through the stomach, where it gets rid of the membrane under the action of gastric juice. Its suckers are released and the parasite can easily attach to the mucous membranes of the small intestine. Signs of a bovine tapeworm in the body are abdominal pain, nausea and eruption of gastric contents. The patient loses his appetite, may suffer from dyspeptic disorders (belching, for example). In some cases, infection with bovine chain is the manifestation of allergic reactions on the skin in the form of urticaria.
  • Pork tapeworm is a helminth reaching up to 10 meters in size. It belongs to one of the largest worms that infect the human body. Passing through the stomach, the eggs of the parasite, due to the action of hydrochloric acid, lose their shell. The larvae emerging from the egg spread through all tissues of the human body, provoking the development of cysticercosis. Cysticercosis poses the greatest danger to the nervous system.
  • Vlasoglav is a round worm that causes the disease trichocephalosis. Symptoms of invasion may be absent for a long time. In complicated cases, with a large accumulation of parasites, signs of ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may occur. The person has pain in the abdomen, decreases appetite, and the stool becomes liquid. In the feces, streaks of blood and mucus are noted.

    Trichocephalus trichiurus
    Trichocephalus trichiurus

Symptoms of parasites and worms in the digestive tract

Alien organisms, leading a parasitic lifestyle in the body of their host, disrupt the functioning of many organs, causing inflammatory processes and severely destroying body tissues.

Parasitic individuals in the intestinal tract, for their development and reproduction, use useful substances that come with food, intended for the host. The consequences for humans are sad. The body is experiencing a severe deficiency of trace elements and vitamin complexes.

Against the background of severe helminthiases, the processes of growth and normal development, both physically and psychologically, are seriously disturbed. Helminths have the ability to perfectly adapt and live for decades in the host's body. Helminth eggs have a pronounced resistance to environmental factors.

Being in the digestive tract, various types of helminthiases can disrupt the digestive process by releasing specific toxic substances for their protection, inactivating enzymatic activity. Helminthiasis can cause gastritis and other dyspeptic disorders.

gastritis - a consequence of worms
gastritis - a consequence of worms

The signs that appear during infection with parasites can be very different in their manifestations. In the vast majority of clinical cases, discomfort and painful sensations are observed at the location of the parasites. So, helminths, whose habitat is the skin, damage the dermis, which leads to the appearance of allergic reactions. Parasites localized in the lung structures can cause a disturbing cough or shortness of breath. Symptoms of dwarf tapeworm infection are manifested by weakness throughout the body, memory impairment, pain in the abdomen and head. Sometimes nausea and constant vomiting are diagnosed, as with a stomach ulcer.

Upset stools, bad breath, painful sensations in the intestines or disturbances in the digestive process, in most cases, are associated with the action of parasites in the digestive tract. The action of foreign microorganisms on the human body as a whole leads to the following symptoms:

  • increased weakness;
  • attacks of headaches;
  • insomnia;
  • bloating;
  • rashes and itching on the skin of an allergic nature;
  • attacks of bronchial asthma.

In addition, the overall resistance of the body decreases, against the background of changes in the functioning of the immune system. In young children, helminthiasis is manifested by a delay in physical and psychological development.

Diagnostics

Diagnostics combines studies to identify the larvae or eggs of worms. Biological material for diagnosis are:

  • feces;
  • urine;
  • sputum;
  • contents of the duodenum;
  • bile duct secretion;
  • scrapings from the rectum;
  • a smear from the perianal space;
  • muscle fibers;
  • blood.

Based on the fact that helminths and their particles are detected by a macroscopic method, eggs and larvae can only be detected during laboratory research using a microscope.

The acute phase of helminthiasis caused by parasites in tissues, or by larvae of parasitic forms of toxocariasis, trichinosis, cystocerciasis, trichocephallosis, involves the use of serological samples, such as:

  • RSK - complement binding reaction;
  • HA - indirect agglutination;
  • ELISA - immunofluorescence analysis;
  • AHL - lysis agglutination.

In some cases of helminthiasis, a reliable diagnosis can be established only with the help of special ultrasound examinations, computed tomography, X-ray examination and using endobiopsy.

Treatment

Therapeutic measures for helminthiasis can vary greatly. Science knows more than 300 all kinds of helminthiases, but the main parasites that cause changes and systemic intoxication are round and flatworms. They are usually divided into intestinal and non-intestinal. When prescribing therapeutic measures, it is important to take into account a number of characteristic features that are characteristic only of a certain class of helminths that are harmful to human health.

In order to get rid of helminths, a specialist prescribes a whole treatment regimen, and it is important to take into account the factors of the frequency of infection of certain organs, the intensity of infection, the level of intoxication, and the duration of helminthosis. This allows you to prescribe the most effective means.

Pirantel or Decaris
Pirantel or Decaris

Medicines

To combat the diagnosed type of helminths, an individual therapy regimen is being developed. For the treatment of nematodes, provoked by roundworms, pinworms or toxocaras, Pirantel, Piperazine, Dekaris, Mebendazole, Tiabendazole, Vermox are prescribed. In case of invasion by trematodes that cause opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis, schistosomiasis, Praziquantel is prescribed.

Therapy of cestodoses provoked by tapeworms consists in the use of drugs such as Praziquantel, Niclosamide, Albendazole.

Folk remedies

To get rid of parasites at home, remedies from traditional medicine allow. For the treatment of helminthiasis, you can use the following recipes:

  • Wormwood seed inflorescences must be ground and mixed with honey. Take the drug 3 days in a row 3 times a day, 1 teaspoon. Effective for ascariasis.
  • An infusion of bitter wormwood is prepared as follows - the grass is crushed, poured with boiling water, and allowed to brew all night. In the morning, filter the infusion and drink it 3 times a day. The course of treatment is up to 3 weeks. Effective for ascariasis and enterobiasis.
  • Pumpkin seeds. They can be used raw, dried, or as a powder. The powder is mixed with honey and the drug is taken on an empty stomach. Copes with tape worms. You can make a decoction of pumpkin seeds. A pound of seeds is crushed in a mortar, poured with 1.5 liters of hot water and placed in a water bath. It is not necessary to bring to a boil. Drink the broth on an empty stomach.
  • Infusion of pomegranate peels. Dried and crushed pomegranate peels, pour boiling water, cool and take 1 teaspoon 3-4 times a day. The course of therapy is 7 days.

Prevention measures

If the rules of personal hygiene are not followed, parasites will have to be constantly removed from the body, which will adversely affect the state of the body as a whole. For prevention purposes, it is important to adhere to the following points of basic hygiene rules:

  • avoid close contact with animals;
  • keep your hands clean - wash them after each going outside;
  • it is important to maintain cleanliness in the living area, doing wet cleaning, washing dishes with detergents;
  • if there are children in the house, it is recommended to wash children's toys with soap, especially after a walk;
  • wash vegetables and fruits under running water, preferably warm or even hot, since the eggs of the worms have a sticky substance that prevents them from separating from the surface;
  • eat meat and fish products only after preliminary heat treatment;
  • drink clean water, avoid drinking tap water, as it may contain lamblia and schistosomes.

Helminthiases, not only cause discomfort, but also greatly harm the human body. The neglected cases of helminth damage lead to disturbances in the functioning of the whole organism. It is important to take timely preventive measures to avoid infection.

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