Can A Cat Get Worms?

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Can A Cat Get Worms?
Can A Cat Get Worms?

Video: Can A Cat Get Worms?

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How To Tell If Your Cat Has Worms - Cat Health Care! 2023, February
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Infection of a cat with worms from mice
Infection of a cat with worms from mice

Hearing the question, the majority will exclaim “you can!”, And these people will be right. Homeless and domestic cats can infect humans. But if it is clear with the homeless, then where does the home?

Content

  1. Types of worms transmitted to humans
  2. Diseases caused by nematodes
  3. Dangerous diseases caused by cestodes
  4. Ways of entry of worms into the cat's body
  5. Ways of transmission of worms from cat to person
  6. How to tell if a cat has worms
  7. How not to get infected with worms: prevention
  8. Treatment
  9. Conclusion

Types of worms transmitted to humans

In the feline body, helminths live, divided into two groups:

  1. Roundworms or nematodes. Long and thin, like pasta, their body length can be up to 80 cm. Of course, such long worms will not fit in the intestines of a cat, but they will take root up to 10 cm. Nematodes are divided into 3 classes and 30 orders (according to the classification from 2011) and are the causative agents of various diseases in cats and humans.
  2. Tapeworms or cestodes. Belong to the class of flat parasitic worms, about 4000 species are currently described.

The following parasites are dangerous to humans:

  • Wide tapeworm (cestodes);
  • Cucumber tapeworm (cestodes);
  • Toxocaras, roundworms (nematodes).

Diseases caused by nematodes

Hookworms are parasites that are found in tropical and subtropical climates much more often than in ours.

They destroy the intestinal walls, prevent blood clotting. They penetrate the human body through the skin, causing itching, redness and burning. Parasitizes in the intestines of cats and humans. Adults are able to provoke the formation of ulcers in the intestines, leading to blood loss and intoxication of the body.

Toxocariasis is a disease that affects children from 1 to 4 years old. A person can become infected with it by eating food and water contaminated with sick animals. The most common form of intestinal toxocariasis.

Dangerous diseases caused by cestodes

The most dangerous diseases (for humans) include:

  • Dipylidiosis, the causative agent of which is cucumber tapeworm. The disease is characterized by allergies and impaired digestive functions.
  • Teniosis, although it belongs to the group of neglected diseases, according to the WHO, it should be mentioned. The onset of the disease is provoked by the presence of pork (bovine) tapeworm in the intestines of the cat. Once in the human body, teniasis causes intestinal upset, provokes attacks of pancreatitis and the development of cholecystitis.
  • Echinococcosis, the causative agent of which is the larval stage of echinococcus (cestode). The danger of echinococcosis is that it is characterized by the formation of parasitic cysts in the heart, abdominal cavity, biliary tract, lungs, kidneys, liver (in 70% of cases of infection), spleen, brain, spinal cord. True, the last three types of infection are very rare (0.2-1% of the total mass).
  • Diabotriocephalosis or diphyllobothriasis. The causative agent is a broad tapeworm, characterized by pathological phenomena from the digestive system, circulatory and nervous systems.

Ways of entry of worms into the cat's body

It is worth starting with how cats become infected with helminths. For example, it is quite easy to catch toxocariasis (the causative agent is feline toxocara). Toxocara eggs are so light and small that they freely travel the world along with dirt and dust. The dust settles on the cat's fur, the animal licks itself, swallows it and is ready. The main danger of toxocara is that parasites are able to penetrate into any organs of the cat, and if treatment is not started on time, the pet may die.

Domestic cats can contract toxocariasis by eating raw meat or fish, and the owner is able to bring parasite eggs on outdoor shoes, along with dirt.

The animal receives opisthorchiasis by feeding on raw river fish. In a sick animal, the gallbladder is affected.

A cat becomes infected with cucumber tapeworm by swallowing a sick insect. Fleas are carriers of dipylidiosis; by licking and swallowing them, the cat can become infected. Cucumber tapeworm parasitizes in the intestines of the animal, it is not fatal, but weakened cats and small kittens can get complications in the form of a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract or an allergic reaction.

The broad tapeworm enters the body of a cat when it eats contaminated food, such as fish. The parasite reaches 10 meters, but rarely grows more than 2 meters in the feline body.

Ways of transmission of worms from cat to person

Feline parasites are transmitted to humans in the following ways:

  • Through direct contact with a cat. The owner often strokes the pet, allows her to lick herself, sleep on one pillow. An infected cat, licking its fur, leaves microscopic eggs of parasites on it, and after visiting the toilet, the pet does not wash its paws. Cat feces are an excellent breeding ground for helminths, whose eggs remain on the paws of the animal. Once on the owner's bed, the cat touches it with its paws, thereby transferring the eggs of parasites and infecting the owner.
  • In the absence of basic hygiene after contact with an animal. Few will go to wash their hands after stroking their pet that is not walking down the street. The cat is domestic, clean, but it can also become a source of infection with helminths. And after contact with a stray cat, you just need to wash your hands. A child can become infected with worms from a cat by stroking a sick animal and, without washing his hands, send dirty fingers into his mouth.

And yet, a person can get chlamydia from a cat. Although, this disease is not helminthic and the risk of infection is minimal, it is necessary to briefly talk about it.

Most often, chlamydial conjunctivitis occurs, accompanied by discharge from the eyes and their redness, nasal congestion, and wheezing. The owner may not even guess that the cat has a serious illness, if it proceeds in a lethargic form.

If the owner noticed that the cat sneezes often, and the nose seems to be stuffed up, it is necessary to urgently consult a veterinarian. Fighting chlamydia is not easy, as this disease is between viral and infectious.

How to tell if a cat has worms

General signs of helminth infection are as follows:

  1. The cat begins to "roll" on the priest, wiping it on the floor.
  2. The pet dramatically loses weight despite the fact that the appetite remains the same, and the portions of feed have not changed.
  3. The animal often has constipation, intertwined with diarrhea.
  4. Bloating is common in kittens and is especially common in homeless babies. But even adult cats are not immune from bloating, accompanied by a rumbling in the stomach.
  5. The pet becomes apathetic and lethargic, loses interest in games, moves little.
  6. Very often, infection with worms is accompanied by vomiting.
  7. One of the key signs of the presence of larvae in the body is a characteristic cough. It occurs after sleep, the cat coughs vigorously, trying to throw something out of its body.
  8. Sometimes animals' temperature rises by 1 - 1.5 degrees.

How not to get infected with worms: prevention

In order to reduce the risks of infection of a cat with worms, the following measures are taken:

  • Regular treatment of a pet from helminths using appropriate means. This is done every three months, regardless of whether the cat is completely domesticated or sometimes walks outside.
  • Once every six months, you should show your pet to a veterinarian.
  • Do not feed the cat with raw meat, river fish, monitor its nutrition.
  • It is imperative to treat the cat for fleas, this is done twice a year - in spring and autumn.
  • Clean the litter box daily. Change the filler, and rinse the tray itself thoroughly with hot water and soap.

The owner himself should observe the following rules so as not to get infected with worms from a cat:

  • Wash hands after contact with a pet.
  • Teach children to hygiene, stroked the cat - wash your hands.
  • A person's bed is not a place for a cat. She should have a separate bed on which she rests.
  • Prevent the cat from licking its owners and family members.
  • To exclude contact with stray animals, at least not to touch them.

And it is also necessary to maintain cleanliness in the house and regularly wash shoes, on which the larvae of worms can remain, especially in the autumn-spring period.

Treatment

When starting to treat an animal, it is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the veterinarian, the dosage of the drug, and also make sure that the cat swallows the pill, if it comes to such a dosage form.

Tricks to give your pet a pill:

  1. Grind the medicine and then mix with spider or cat pate.
  2. Crush the tablet, mix with a little water and, using a syringe without a needle, inject the drug into the animal's mouth.
  3. Divide the tablet into several small parts, wrap the cat in a blanket. Open the pet's mouth with your right hand, put part of the tablet on the tongue with your left hand. Quickly close the cat's mouth and make sure she swallows the medicine.

Conclusion

Treatment of worms in cats and humans is not the most pleasant procedure. To avoid it, you must follow the simplest rules in dealing with the animal, as well as your own hygiene.

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