Worms In The Intestines In An Adult, Symptoms And Treatment

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Worms In The Intestines In An Adult, Symptoms And Treatment
Worms In The Intestines In An Adult, Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Worms In The Intestines In An Adult, Symptoms And Treatment

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Video: Natural Ways To Get Rid Of Intestinal Worms In No Time 2023, January
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The term worms is customary to unite a large group of lower worms that can enter the human body and parasitize in it. Depending on their chosen habitat, the invasion will be accompanied by a mass of unpleasant symptoms. Most often, worms settle in the intestines. This greatly affects the gastrointestinal tract and the immune system. Therefore, it is important to recognize the problem in time and start treatment.

Content

  1. Varieties of worms
  2. Pinworms
  3. Ascaris
  4. Toksokara
  5. Tapeworm
  6. Vlasoglav
  7. Lamblia
  8. How does the infection take place?
  9. What are the consequences of infection with worms?
  10. Signs of invasion
  11. Diagnostic measures
  12. Treatment methods
  13. How can you prevent infection?

Varieties of worms

Science knows about 200 types of worms that can parasitize the human body. Only twenty of them can be infected on the territory of our country. Among the most common types are:

Pinworms

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The most common type of parasite and is more common in children. The size of an adult does not exceed 1.5 cm. Most often, such worms settle in the small intestine, but sometimes they can also be found in the large intestine. Eggs are laid on human skin or on bedding. For this, the females crawl out through the anus. At the same time, a person feels severe itching and burning.

Ascaris

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The second most popular type of parasite. The length of such a worm can reach 40 cm. They settle in the intestine, gradually eating away at its walls. Through the resulting loopholes, it can spread to other organs.

Toksokara

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Infection most often occurs after contact with an infected dog. This parasite can remain unnoticed in the human body for a long time, since its vital activity is asymptomatic. The length of the individual reaches 30 cm.

Tapeworm

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There are two types of such parasites: bovine and porcine. A person becomes infected by eating meat in which the larvae of the worm are present. Such a parasite can live in the body for up to 20 years. During its time, it can grow up to seven meters in length.

Vlasoglav

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The intestinal blood becomes the breeding ground for this worm. In the course of its life, the whipworm severely damages the mucous surface, which leads to the development of serious diseases and depletion of the body.

Lamblia

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Such parasites are often found in children, since their immunity is not yet fully formed. They multiply rapidly and spread throughout the body, causing a sharp deterioration in well-being, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sleep disturbances and other problems.

Depending on the type of worm that has settled in the body, the method of therapy will be determined. The sooner the problem is discovered, the better the chances of a quick recovery.

How does the infection take place?

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Helminths can enter the human body in various ways. They can be divided into four large groups:

  1. Contact. Infection occurs after contact with animals or a sick person. Sometimes a simple handshake is enough for this.
  2. Through the soil. The eggs of many parasites can survive for many years in the ground. On the legs of flies and other insects, they get into human food.
  3. With water and food. Infection occurs when eating poorly cooked meat, unwashed vegetables and fruits, or contaminated water.
  4. When bitten by insects that are carriers of worm eggs.

In order to avoid contamination, you must carefully monitor the quality of the products used and observe the rules of personal hygiene.

What are the consequences of infection with worms?

Once in the human body, the worms begin to multiply actively. To do this, they need a nutrient medium, which becomes not only vitamins and minerals in the intestines, but also organ cells. In this regard, the vital activity of worms leads to serious health problems:

  1. The functionality of the gastrointestinal tract is impaired. Worms, actively developing in the intestines, provoke problems with stools, cutting pains in the abdomen, bloating, attacks of nausea and vomiting. Depending on the type of parasite, violations can manifest themselves in different ways. Sometimes they provoke constipation, and in other cases, diarrhea. As they grow, worms can gnaw through the intestinal walls and spread throughout the body. Helminths are often found in the kidneys, liver, lungs, and even the brain.
  2. Weakening of the immune system. In the process of vital activity, parasites release toxic substances. Their toxic effect negatively affects the state of human immunity. This is manifested in the exacerbation of chronic diseases, the frequent occurrence of inflammatory processes in various parts of the body, women can develop gynecological diseases.
  3. Manifestation of an allergic reaction. Toxins released by parasites lead to the activation of the body's protective function. As a result, various rashes may appear on the skin. Other signs of an allergic reaction appear, such as severe itching or coughing.
  4. Damage to the nervous system. Toxic substances have a toxic effect on the human nervous system. This is expressed in irritability, headaches, and increased fatigue. Frequent migraine attacks, joint pains can torment.

If you do not recognize the problem in time and do not start treatment soon, injuries can occur in the body that are difficult to treat. Therefore, it is important to listen to your own feelings and monitor the symptoms.

Signs of invasion

Worms in the abdomen
Worms in the abdomen

The symptoms of worms in the intestines of a person can differ depending on the type of parasite. A number of common features can be distinguished:

  • An increase in body temperature up to 38 degrees, which lasts for a long time.
  • Pain sensations that are localized in the navel or right hypochondrium.
  • Vomiting attacks.
  • Stool change.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Blanching of the skin.
  • Weight loss.
  • Skin rashes.
  • Increased fatigue, drowsiness.
  • Dry cough.
  • Sleep disturbance.

If you notice the symptoms described above, you should consult your doctor. Delay in such a situation is fraught with dire consequences for health.

If worms parasitize in the body for a long time, other symptoms may develop:

  1. Alopecia (hair loss).
  2. Destruction of tooth enamel, bleeding gums.
  3. Offensive odor from the mouth.
  4. Critical weight loss.
  5. The development of apathy, depression.

If the worms have spread to the liver, jaundice appears. With lung damage, severe shortness of breath and cough are observed. The appearance of an impurity of blood in the separated sputum is possible.

Diagnostic measures

Analysis jar
Analysis jar

It is impossible to make a reliable diagnosis on your own. Therefore, at the first alarming symptoms, you must immediately consult a doctor. Among the diagnostic measures used in such a situation are:

  1. Stool analysis. If the fact of infection takes place, then parasite eggs will be found in the sample. But a negative result does not guarantee the absence of a problem, therefore, other examination methods are used.
  2. Biochemical and general blood test. During the study, the level of eosinophils, hemoglobin and ESR is determined. Exceeding the normative indicators indicates an invasion.
  3. Analysis of urine.
  4. Study of a smear from the anus.

Such simple examination techniques will help the specialist to accurately determine the diagnosis. Only then will he be able to develop the correct therapy strategy.

Treatment methods

Tablets for worms
Tablets for worms

It is almost impossible to clear the intestines of worms without the use of drugs. Traditional medicine techniques can only be used as an adjunct to conservative therapy. The entire treatment process can be divided into several stages:

  1. Preparatory. You should completely revise your diet. You will have to be away from fatty and fried foods, smoked meats and sweets. Preference is given to foods high in fiber. In this case, you must drink at least two liters of clean water per day.
  2. Taking medications. Specific drugs and their dosage are chosen by the doctor on an individual basis. Most often used: Nemozol, Dekaris, Helmintox, Vermox, Albendazole and others. The duration of admission is also determined by the doctor.
  3. Restorative. After the main course of treatment, it is necessary to cleanse the body of the formed toxins. To do this, it is better to use enerosorbents, for example, Filtrum, Enterosgel, Smecta or simple activated carbon. You can give a cleansing enema.

After the invasion, you will need to restore the immune system. To do this, it is necessary to introduce more vegetables and fruits into the diet, take vitamin and mineral complexes recommended by the attending physician.

How can you prevent infection?

In order to avoid such a problem, follow these simple guidelines:

  • Follow the rules of personal hygiene. Never eat with dirty hands.
  • Regularly carry out wet cleaning in the house, carry out pest control.
  • Eat only good quality food and clean water. Always wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly. Boil meat and fish well.
  • Never cut meat and other food on the same cutting board. Thoroughly rinse all utensils after cooking.
  • Prevent helminthiasis in pets regularly.
  • Every six months, you can take medication to prevent invasion.

Worms in the intestines are a serious problem that must be eliminated in a timely manner. This is the only way to prevent serious health consequences.

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