Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment

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Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment
Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment

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Video: Brote toxoplasmosis 2023, February
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Toxoplasma under a microscope
Toxoplasma under a microscope

The causative agent of toxoplasmosis in dogs is the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, whose cysts can be found in puddles, soil, grass, cat feces, and raw meat. Toxoplasma is quite common in dogs.

Content

  1. Symptoms of toxoplasmosis
  2. How do you know if your dog is sick?
  3. Treating a dog for toxoplasma
  4. What if the diagnosis was confirmed?
  5. Analysis for toxoplasmosis
  6. How to identify the presence of parasites?
  7. Can a person get infected from a dog?
  8. How does the infection take place?
  9. Prevention measures
  10. How to keep yourself and your pet safe?

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis

How do you know if your dog is sick?

The symptoms of toxoplasmosis are often confused with other illnesses such as plague or leptospirosis. The disease is almost impossible to diagnose yourself. As a rule, the disease is chronic with minimal symptoms, but it can also be acute. Remember that dogs often get toxoplasmosis. If your animal has any of the following symptoms, you should contact your veterinarian immediately:

  • Rapid weight loss for no apparent reason: for example, diet or increased physical activity;
  • Rapid panting, shortness of breath;
  • Complete or partial loss of appetite;
  • Fatigue, weakness;
  • Damage to the mucous membrane of the intestinal tract and, as a result, diarrhea, constipation;
  • Hydrothorax - chest dropsy;
  • Seizures;
  • In the most severe, extreme form, paralysis is possible.
The dog drinks dirty, standing water
The dog drinks dirty, standing water

Our pets become infected by swallowing oocysts that are present in the ground, rainwater, grass, on the paws of insects. There are known cases of the disease through the bites of fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes. In the intestinal tract, they reproduce asexually. It happens that the symptoms are insignificant and the owners do not pay attention to them. Falsely assuming that the pet is healthy. Dogs can tolerate toxoplasmosis.

Treating a dog for toxoplasma

What if the diagnosis was confirmed?

The main thing is not to panic. Treatment of the animal is very difficult and must be strictly agreed with the veterinarian. Follow all the rules and advice of your doctor. The key task is to exterminate the fluently circulating Toxoplasma with special drugs. To do this, they must be reincarnated into cysts. Because the Toxoplasma that has made its way into the cells is literally invulnerable. Reorganization is achieved by eliminating the signs of the disease and increasing the immunity of the animal.

Experts advise to carry out treatment with high-quality and proven drugs:

  • Daraprim and Delalgil are antimalarial drugs.
  • Sulfadimezin. The treatment course lasts 10 days, then the dog is given time to rest. After another 10 days, the treatment cycle is repeated. Sometimes you have to use 3-4 courses.
  • Khimkokcid. Treatment is carried out for no more than three days.
Dog eating raw meat
Dog eating raw meat

All this time, the pupil needs to be given vitamins and carefully observe the behavior. For example, if your little friend has diarrhea and nausea, be sure to tell your vet about it. He will prescribe you IVs to keep your water-salt balance. It is very important to regularly ventilate the building where the sick pet is. Wipe off dust, carry out wet cleaning using antiseptic agents. During the treatment period, the dog will need to provide maximum rest and relaxation.

Analysis for toxoplasmosis

How to identify the presence of parasites?

An immunochromatographic assay (ICA) is the best way to find out if a dog has toxoplasmosis. This is the study of venous blood, plasma or whole blood for the presence of antibodies to this disease. The test will qualify the duration and nature of the disease. ICA detects antibodies M (IgM) and G (IgG).

IgM This is the original answer. Antibodies are noticed within a few days, after which the cyst enters the body. The disease reaches its maximum intensity after three weeks.
IgG Is a re-answer. A more stable picture of antibodies is developing, penetrating into all kinds of tissues of the body, protecting it from disease. They demonstrate good immune protection and the duration of toxoplasmosis.

It is also possible to conduct an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). If the disease is severe, liver and spleen biopsy is done.

Can a person get infected from a dog?

How does the infection take place?

The causative agent of the disease is considered a parasite, which, most often, multiplies in the intestinal tract of a cat. Almost all animals are considered carriers of Toxoplasma. But humans are much more likely to contract toxoplasmosis from a dog than from a cat. A favorite habit of pets is to joyfully meet the owner, jumping, wagging their tail and licking from head to toe.

Also, infection can occur if the parasite dormant in the oocyst starts to become active in people with weak immunity.

Pregnant women who have contracted toxoplasmosis have a high probability of miscarriage, prematurity and even the birth of a still child. The disease affects the nervous system, internal organs and vision.

Prevention measures

How to keep yourself and your pet safe?

Try to wean your dog from bad habits on the street. Do not under any circumstances allow drinking rain water or wallowing in the grass. Some pets sin by eating cat feces, which contain a large number of oocysts. Make sure your buddy doesn't pick anything edible outside the house. And even at home, you should not give the dog raw, unprocessed beef, let it lick off the droplets of blood.

Don't lose sight of the fact that you have every chance of contracting toxoplasmosis, not just from your dog. Cysts can be located on unclean shoes and dirty hands, poorly washed vegetables, fruits. You should not use poor quality water.

Children can become infected by playing in the sandpit where cats defecate and interacting with stray pets.

Carefully monitor the well-being of your pet, contact your veterinarian in a timely manner, diagnosis and comprehensive treatment can save more than one life.

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