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Video: Best Pinworm Medicines For Children
Enterobiasis is often called "the disease of dirty hands", since the main reason for infection with pinworms (causative agents of the disease) is non-observance of basic rules of personal hygiene. Infection of a child is very dangerous, because of it, the baby will begin to suffer from lagging in growth and development, a decrease in the effect of vaccinations and inhibition of the immune system. Treatment of pinworms in children must necessarily be carried out before causing significant harm to health.
- Signs of infection
- How to treat enterobiasis
- Prevention of enterobiasis
Signs of infection
Pinworms live, feed and reproduce in the intestines of a human host, they can stay in the body for 4-6 weeks, during which adult females periodically leave the anus and lay eggs. Pinworm eggs remain contagious (infectious) for 3 weeks.
Specific signs of the disease:
- itching and discomfort in the anus;
- redness of the skin around the anus;
- scratching in the anus;
- abdominal pain;
- bowel dysfunction (frequent bowel movements).
Among the nonspecific symptoms of enterobiasis in children:
- manifestations of allergies (conjunctivitis, dermatitis, asthmatic attacks);
- sleep problems;
- tearfulness, irritability;
- impairment of memory and cognitive abilities, absent-mindedness.
It is especially important to timely detect worms in children under the age of one year, when the immune and digestive systems are in the most vulnerable state.
How to treat enterobiasis
Only the attending physician should prescribe drugs for removing pinworms in children on the basis of laboratory data.
The list of funds prescribed most often includes:
- Nemozole (and analogue of Vormil).
Action: the active substance (levamisole) acts on muscle tissue and ganglion-like formations in the bodies of parasites, inhibiting the course of bioenergetic processes, leading to their paralysis. Dead pinworms are removed during bowel movements; laxatives, enemas and diets are not needed.
Reception: prescribed by a doctor, carried out once in the evening, with plenty of drink. The dosage calculation is 2.5 mg of levamisole per 1 kg of the child's weight. For prophylaxis, the reception is repeated after 1-2 weeks.
Toxicity: low. Possible side effects:
- sleep disorders;
- nausea and diarrhea;
- increased heart rate;
- allergic skin rash (rare);
- encephalopathy (in isolated cases).
Contraindications: age up to 3 years. With care: with renal failure, impaired liver function, problems with hematopoiesis, individual intolerance to the composition.
Action: a medicine based on the pyrantel pamoate component acts in the intestines, produces a paralyzing effect on the neuromuscular tissues of pinworms. Dead parasites are removed with feces, the help of enemas, diets, laxatives is not required.
Reception: prescribed by a doctor, single (for prevention - repeat in 2-3 weeks). Dosage calculation - depending on the age of the child:
|6-24 months||½ measuring spoon (2.5 ml)|
|2-6 years old||1 scoop (5 ml)|
|6-12 years old||2 scoops (10 ml)|
|From 12 years old||By weight: up to 75 kg - 15 ml, over 75 kg - 20 ml|
Toxicity: low. There are restrictions on admission:
- individual intolerance;
- liver dysfunction;
- age up to 6 months.
Side effects are rare. Among them:
- appetite disorders;
- dizziness, headache;
- sleep problems;
- confusion of consciousness;
- an increase in body temperature;
Action: the active ingredient (piperazine adipate) is available in the form of tablets and powder for suspensions. It paralyzes pinworms, disrupting the neuromuscular system. The parasites unable to stay in the intestines are removed from the body during the act of defecation. To speed up the process, it is recommended to give the child an enema.
Reception: the medicine should be drunk twice a day for 5 days, after a week's break, the course must be repeated. In advanced cases, the reception is repeated a third time. The daily dosage depends on age:
|0-1 years||0.2 gr.|
|2-3 years||0.3 gr.|
|4-5 years old||0.5 gr.|
|6-8 years old||1.5 gr.|
|9-12 years old||2 gr.|
|13-15 years old||3 gr.|
Toxicity: low. There are contraindications:
- chronic renal failure;
- problems with the work of the central nervous system;
Possible side effects:
- Strong headache;
- muscle weakness (rare).
Action: the active ingredient mebendazole penetrates directly into the body of the parasite, where it causes a violation of basic functions. Helminths are paralyzed and are quickly excreted from the host's body with feces.
Reception: an effective remedy (tablets and suspensions) is prescribed by a doctor in the following single dosage:
- children aged 2-10 years, 50 mg;
- from 10 years old - 100 mg.
Prophylactic reception - after 2 weeks. During the period of treatment, a diet with abstinence from acute and fatty is recommended.
Toxicity: low (lower than most analogues). There are contraindications:
- age up to 2 years;
- individual intolerance;
- disruption of the digestive tract;
- liver and kidney problems.
- allergic reactions;
- stomach cramps and pains;
Action: the active substance (albendazole) at maximum concentration begins to destroy the digestive system (intestinal tract) of pinworms. After death, the parasites are excreted in the feces. Eating fatty foods will help you get rid of pinworms in a child more quickly with this remedy.
Reception: for patients over the age of 2 years, the doctor prescribes the drug in accordance with the weight, up to this age, a single dose of 200 mg of the drug is recommended. Prophylactic treatment is possible after 2 weeks.
Toxicity: high, individual allergic sensitivity is among the contraindications. Side effects are most often expressed in disorders of the digestive system (pain in the stomach, nausea), sometimes there are headaches, and in case of an overdose - a rash and itching on the skin.
Prevention of enterobiasis
To prevent the danger of re-infection of children with pinworms, it is important to follow the rules of prevention:
- regularly carry out wet cleaning in the house;
- do not forget about personal hygiene (including nail care);
- monitor the cleanliness of bedding and underwear;
- do not eat unwashed vegetables and fruits;
- do not allow children to lick dirty hands, take toys and household items into their mouths.
To combat enterobiasis, medicine has a sufficient variety of means, and many drugs allow the treatment of pinworms in children at home.