Tick ​​season: When They Appear And Are Most Active

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Tick ​​season: When They Appear And Are Most Active
Tick ​​season: When They Appear And Are Most Active

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Tick ​​season warning
Tick ​​season warning

A person needs to take precautions during the period of tick activity in spring and summer to prevent dangerous diseases. They react quickly to a pest bite, perform all the necessary actions to remove it.

Content

  1. Geographic distribution of ticks
  2. The period of the greatest activity of ticks
  3. Methods of protection against ticks
  4. Actions for a tick bite

Geographic distribution of ticks

Ixodid ticks are common throughout Russia, even in the Arctic regions. Active natural foci:

  1. Ural;
  2. Central Russia - Kostroma, Ryazan, Voronezh;
  3. Vologda district, several cities of the Yaroslavl region;
  4. Far East;
  5. Taiga regions of Siberia.

The further east you go, the more likely you are to suffer from a parasite bite. The tick is dangerous because it is a carrier of serious diseases. Among them are infectious borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis.

Tick-borne encephalitis is a focal infection, accompanied by an increase in body temperature, intoxication of the body and brain damage.

According to statistics, every sixth member of the family is a carrier of the virus, in some regions - every fourth.

Borreliosis or Lyme disease is characterized by the appearance of rashes, body aches, cold symptoms. When it enters the body, the infection affects the heart, musculoskeletal system, nervous system and skin. The patient is not contagious. But the disease often takes on a chronic form.

Natural foci of ticks are mixed and deciduous forests, less often conifers. Parasites reproduce in a humid environment without direct sunlight. Disease carriers also live in cities, their favorite places of existence in parks, on lawns near the road, in damp places. Ticks get on a person from grass and bushes, where they await a victim. These arachnids react to the heat and smell of people passing by. They don't jump from trees, as is commonly believed. The parasites take hold of a person or animal, then choose a place to bite.

The tick, attacking, stretches its legs
The tick, attacking, stretches its legs

You can pick up a tick in the country during garden work. The parasites are brought home by animals on their fur. They will also get into the apartment with a bouquet of flowers and bite either immediately or after a few days.

A hungry female is 3 mm long, a well-fed female reaches 10 mm. Of the 17 thousand laid larvae, only a small part survive. Stages of tick development:

  • larvae;
  • nymphs;
  • an adult.

To move to the next stage, the larvae and nymphs need to get enough at least once. At this time, parasites feed on the blood of reptiles and small animals, sometimes attacking humans or livestock.

The period of the greatest activity of ticks

Ticks are shown at the beginning of April at a temperature of + 1 ° C, + 3 ° C, disappear in autumn in October with the onset of cold weather. The first peak of activity is observed in May, July, the second - at the end of August. There is a danger of infection during the entire period of wakefulness of the parasite; with early warming in spring, ticks wake up faster.

On the May holidays, the number of ticks increases rapidly, the timing coincides with the seasonal rest of people in nature. At this time, the first victims of bites appear.

Encephalitis tick bite
Encephalitis tick bite

Spring ticks are most active in the morning and evening. In autumn, with the onset of cold weather, the parasites hibernate until next year. Ticks cease to be active in late October - early November.

Methods of protection against ticks

Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis is considered a preventive measure. The vaccination must be done while living in an endemic area or before traveling to such an area.

The vaccine will prepare the immune system to fight the infection; if bitten by an infected tick, a person will not get sick. Two vaccinations are given, the second - 2 weeks before the expected peak of activity. The effectiveness of the event is over 95%.

There are also local methods of protection to prevent the attack of ticks.

No. Necessary precautions
1 Before going to the forest and going to the country house, they protect the body as much as possible with clothes: long trousers with cuffs, a sweatshirt with sleeves to the wrist, socks with a thick elastic band. The head is protected with a cap or scarf, the neck is covered with a scarf or light scarf. Trousers are tucked into socks, closed shoes.
2 Unprotected areas of the body are treated with a repellent
3 They do not rest on glades with tall grass; they choose places without dense vegetation for the night. Are not located close to rubble with last year's grass
4 Every 20-30 minutes they examine each other, especially carefully check the area behind the ears, neck. They do the same upon arrival home. The armpits and groin area are checked. Clothes are shaken out and washed.
five Do not take home lilac branches, bouquets of meadow grasses and flowers
6 Before walking, the animal is treated with a deterrent, after the street, the condition of the skin and wool is checked

Actions for a tick bite

A tick bite may not be felt on the skin, the pest injects an anesthetic with saliva. But it is in the first minutes that a person receives pathogens from an infected parasite. You can recognize a tick by the following signs:

  • the bite site is in the form of a circle no more than 1 cm in size;
  • reddish tint of the wound, swelling;
  • a black dot in the middle;
  • the body of the parasite on top of the spot;
  • itching in the area of ​​the bite.

If you find a pest that has adhered to the skin, you should seek the help of a doctor. But this is not always possible. In this case, they act quickly and according to the rules.

How to pull out a tick with tweezers and thread
How to pull out a tick with tweezers and thread

You can remove the tick yourself without harm to your health, being careful:

  1. With tweezers or a loop of thread, they cling to the base of the proboscis and swing the head of the pest to the sides.
  2. Rotate, pull upward, without squeezing it.
  3. After completing the procedure, the wound is smeared with iodine.
  4. Wash your hands with soap and water.
  5. The tick is placed in an airtight container and taken to the laboratory for analysis.

You do not need to water the pest with oil or burn it, this action will not bring a positive result.

After the bite, the patient's condition is monitored for 3 weeks. Signs of infection with an infection after a tick bite appear in a person on the second day. Symptoms resemble a common cold: body aches, fatigue, fever, headache appear.

Correctly performed removal of the parasite will prevent human infection. To avoid attack, adhere to the basic behavior in nature and at home during the tick season.

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