Table of contents:
- What is the thyroid gland and what is it for?
- What factors affect her work?
- General clinical picture
- What are the signs of the thyroid gland (disease) typical for women?
Last updated 4 July 2017 at 01:25 PM
Reading time: 6 minutes
- 1 What is the thyroid gland and what is it for?
- 2 What factors influence her work?
- 3 General clinical picture
4 What are the signs of the thyroid gland (disease) typical for women?
4.1 Similar articles
What is the thyroid gland and what is it for?
It is located on the neck under the chin. It participates in the basic processes of the human body, releasing the necessary hormones into the blood and regulating metabolic processes.
It is very important that hormones are released in a certain amount, since if more or less is released, all organs will suffer. And the signal will come through the nervous system.
It has not been proven by anyone, but the fact is that the thyroid gland affects more women than men. Women often have breakdowns and their mood changes quickly. This is because women have critical days, they give birth, and at age they begin to climax. All these processes have a very strong effect on the thyroid gland.
What factors affect her work?
Probably everyone knows that for a normal robotic thyroid gland, a sufficient amount of an element such as iodine is needed. He participates in the production of hormones important for the body. A threat to health is provided not only by a deficiency, but also by oversaturation of the body with iodine. Iodine can come as during meals (food rich in trace elements), as well as during taking vitamins.
Many infectious, viral and bacterial diseases can lead to the malfunction of this organ. This can happen both due to illness and as a result of taking antibacterial drugs.
Sometimes the body can experience a malfunction of the immune system (autoimmune process). This leads to malfunctioning of the thyroid gland.
Some children are already born with such a pathology, this is due to the abnormal development of the child's body.
In the modern world, one of the most dangerous diseases is oncology (namely, malignant neoplasms), this organ is no exception.
General clinical picture
The very first signs of thyroid disease. There are some common symptoms that characterize and indicate that the thyroid gland is out of order.
Here are some of them:
- a sharp change in weight (increase or decrease) associated with a change in thyroid function;
- when taking an analysis for cholesterol, its increase is observed due to a decrease in a certain hormone;
- a person is very cold at normal temperature and sweating increases;
- a person practically cannot endure hot weather or cannot be in stuffy rooms, he becomes ill;
- there is a rapid heartbeat;
- there is a change in stool (diarrhea or constipation is observed), a general failure in the digestive organs;
- a person may feel severe muscle pain;
- severe fatigue is observed, a person constantly wants to sleep (chronic fatigue), a malfunction may occur (he wants to sleep during the day and stay awake at night);
- a person has severe swelling due to fluid retention in the body;
- brittle, lifeless hair and nails;
- a person becomes inattentive and distracted, it is very difficult for him to sharpen his attention and focus on something. Sometimes breakdowns occur, a person is very nervous and worried about sheer trifles;
- severe irritability is observed;
- what is typical for women is a change in the menstrual cycle (discharge is scarce or stronger).
If you have any of the above symptoms, they may be the cause of thyroid disease. If we consider each sign separately, we can say with certainty that this is not necessarily associated with the thyroid gland.
Constipation, diarrhea may indicate diseases of the digestive system (for example: pathogenic bacteria or some other problem).
Brittle hair is due to a lack of any vitamins or trace elements. Sleepiness and chronic fatigue - due to lack of vitamins.
What are the signs of the thyroid gland (disease) typical for women?
Above, we have listed the general symptoms associated with violations of this organ, but there are still separate features characteristic of each disease. General symptoms do not give any accuracy for the diagnosis, gradually they begin to appear more clearly.
- the hormone secreted by the thyroid gland is secreted in large quantities - "hyperthyroid crisis";
- "Hypothyroidism" - a disorder in the body that occurs against the background of a lack of hormone;
- as a result of the second, "Basedow's disease" may occur (with impaired immunity, bacteria can settle);
- after childbirth, a woman may experience an inflammatory process in this organ (this happens against the background of hormonal disruption);
- "Sporadic goiter" can form in women and girls at any age.
Here are some symptoms that indicate thyroid disease in women:
- severe fatigue;
- she cannot concentrate and concentrate (for example, at work);
- severe memory impairment, poor memory of any details;
- a sharp increase or decrease in body weight;
- menses become either profuse or scanty;
- a woman cannot have a child (if the doctor tells her that she is infertile);
- any information viewed or read is not remembered or assimilated in the head (the feeling that the brain and memory are turned off);
- a woman is unstable during stressful situations and is very worried and nervous (upset over trifles);
- sweating is strong;
- long-term or short-term constipation;
- hair is lifeless, dry and brittle, skin is dry and withered, nails are brittle and thin;
- mood swings can occur in one day;
- I really want to sleep (and constantly), constant fatigue is felt;
- muscle pain, sometimes cramps.
Some symptoms may indicate that the disease is in an advanced or aggravated form:
- the patient has severely bulging eyes;
- a change in rhythm and pulse, but also a disorder of the entire cardiovascular system;
- the thyroid gland enlarges (this can be seen with the naked eye);
- palms constantly sweat a lot;
- the complexion is very pale;
- the neck looks a little swollen;
- muscle pain increases, and cramps are more frequent;
- it constantly seems that there is not enough oxygen;
- when eating food, it is very difficult to swallow food;
- dizziness is observed;
Some females, for unwillingness to go to the hospital, mask these symptoms with severe fatigue at work or chronic fatigue. But everything is not so simple, treatment should be received on time and the sooner you consult a doctor with this problem, the better for you. Because only a specialist can determine the disease and prescribe the correct treatment.
Signs of endocrine system disease in men should not be overlooked, as serious health problems can arise. They are usually associated with age-related changes.
Severe fatigue at work, overloading the body with physical exertion - this leads to unwillingness in sex life. This does not necessarily mean aging of the body, this is the beginning of a change in the endocrine system.
All diseases are easier to treat in the initial stages, so at the first symptoms you need to see a specialist. It is also worth attending a physical examination every year, and if you have a threat of getting sick, then every half a year, take tests and undergo an examination.
Here are some symptoms to watch out for:
- severe fatigue;
- unwillingness to lead an active lifestyle;
- the man is very annoyed and constantly nervous;
- frequent blackouts;
- stool retention, persistent constipation;
- no craving for sex;
- the man is constantly freezing;
- muscle spasms and cramps;
- constantly feeling nauseous;
- hair is dry and brittle, and constantly falls out, which leads to early baldness;
- the skin on the face and hands is very dry and sometimes cracks appear (especially on the palms)
- a sharp increase or vice versa a decrease in blood pressure;
- the voice becomes too low (rough bass);
- there is a very high level of cholesterol in the blood.
Symptoms of the manifestation of problems with the endocrine system in children and adolescents. Basically, there are practically no specific differences from adults.
The main difference is that they are not sexually active, so they do not notice significant changes. But still, parents should be careful and attentive, since the thyroid gland is not a joke, but a vital organ. It performs many necessary and necessary functions for all people, especially for children and adolescents.
Some of the symptoms are:
- the child quickly gets tired and tired;
- dramatically losing weight or gaining body weight;
- swells (fluid is retained in the legs and arms);
- becomes irritable and inattentive;
- constantly wants to sleep (even if he sleeps a lot, he still does not get enough sleep).