Table of contents:
- The essence of pathology
- Reasons for the spread of the disease
- Signs of illness
- Diagnostic examination
- Treatment directions
- Therapy during pregnancy
- A little conclusion
Video: Gardnerella In Women - Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease In Women
Last updated on January 29, 2018 at 09:32 PM
Reading time: 5 min
With a decrease in immunity, the body is attacked by numerous pathogenic microorganisms. There is a massive multiplication of anaerobic bacteria, for example, fungi, gardnerella. In the first place, the mucous membranes of the organs are affected.
So gardnerella in women is found in the vagina. This disease is spreading quite widely, every fifth woman is sick.
- 1 The essence of pathology
- 2 Reasons for the spread of the disease
- 3 Signs of illness
- 4 Diagnostic examination
- 5 Directions of treatment
- 6 Therapy during pregnancy
7 A little conclusion
7.1 Similar articles
The essence of pathology
Gardnerella is a bacterium called gardnerella vaginalis that looks like a small stick. When the content of such bacteria increases sharply, then gardnerellosis develops. This is an inflammatory disease that invades the vagina and can spread to the pelvic organs in women.
There are few such bacteria in the microflora of healthy women, gynecology recognizes this as the norm. But a pathological change in the number of bacteria, their activity leads to a disease that has unpleasant manifestations. Depending on the place of accumulation of bacteria, gardnerellosis of the upper genital tract, genitourinary system and bacterial vaginosis are distinguished.
In a healthy body, the spread of the pathogenic Gardnerella Vaginalis is restrained by lactobacilli. But a decrease in their number due to various reasons, for example, dysbacteriosis, allows Gardnerella to increase its number, provoke an inflammatory process.
Reasons for the spread of the disease
The main reason for the activation of pathogenic bacteria is the imbalance of microflora in the body. This can happen with intoxication as a result of poisoning. Some methods of treating vaginal diseases also lead to such consequences.
For example, frequent douching (Miramistin, Chlorhexidine) or the use of vaginal suppositories provokes a violation of the normal microflora of the vagina. Lubrication on some condoms can also have similar effects.
Factors contributing to the spread of pathology:
- weak immunity, for example, due to chronic diseases, stressful situations;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- hormonal disorders, for example, during pregnancy or menopause;
- prolonged, uncontrolled use of antibiotics;
- chronic inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system;
- non-observance of sufficient intimate hygiene;
- long-term use of hormonal drugs, for example, corticosteroids, antidepressants.
A general weakening of the body's immune defenses leads to an increase in the activity of the pathogenic microflora. This can be a thyroid disorder, endocrine system disorders, such as diabetes.
Frequent change of sexual partners also serves as a reason for negative changes in the microflora of the vagina, which subsequently leads to numerous diseases.
Signs of illness
The symptoms of this pathology are similar to other diseases of the genital organs, only the attending physician can distinguish them, and make the correct diagnosis. The very first signs should alert the woman, send for consultation to a specialist.
First, the unpleasant smell of stale fish from the vagina attracts attention. To get rid of it, a woman can wash herself several times a day. But this will not help, the alkaline environment of the soap will aggravate the discomfort. The smell comes from the decay of the waste products of bacteria.
The main symptoms of gardnerellosis:
- Painful sensations in the lower abdomen.
- Profuse vaginal discharge, which may have a gray-yellowish, greenish tint. Most often they have a creamy consistency or foam.
- The labia are swollen, red, and irritating itching and burning are added.
- Severe pain in the perineal region during intercourse.
- Symptoms of cystitis.
Symptoms of the disease in a chronic course are mild, but are more pronounced during an exacerbation, for example, during pregnancy. Also, symptoms may worsen immediately after intercourse, because semen has an alkaline reaction, which is a good environment for pathogenic bacteria.
Having found at least one sign of the disease, a woman needs to consult a gynecologist. Self-medication is unacceptable, since you first need to clarify the diagnosis, pathology can develop along with other diseases, have many features, only a specialist can take everything into account. Clinical manifestations are not enough, the doctor usually prescribes an additional diagnostic examination.
In order for the treatment of gardnerella disease in women to be successful, it is important to find out not the presence of bacteria in the body (they are always there), but their number. For this, a smear is taken, which is examined under a microscope, a large number of bacteria are found. The pH level of the vaginal environment is also determined. Normally, it is acidic, when the disease progresses, the environment becomes alkaline.
It also checks for the presence of isonitrile, which contributes to the spread of an unpleasant characteristic odor. If all three indicators confirm the presence of these bacteria in the body, then the diagnosis is made - gardnerellosis.
If gardnerella in women is detected, treatment should be started immediately, without waiting for the transition to the chronic stage. The main therapy is aimed at the destruction of pathogenic bacteria, which is carried out with the help of antibiotics. Local treatment is used together with medications. These can be ointments, vaginal suppositories and tampons.
Specific medicines and dosages are determined by the doctor, who takes into account all the characteristics of the female body of each patient. It must be borne in mind that when taking some medications, it is forbidden to consume alcoholic beverages.
At the next stage, the normal microflora of the vagina and intestines is restored. This will help relieve the unpleasant symptoms that are characteristic of this disease. The patient begins taking probiotics, which help beneficial bacteria settle on the mucous membranes of the vagina and intestines. For the same purpose, vaginal suppositories are used.
Further actions are to strengthen the body's defenses, because without good immunity there is a risk of the disease returning. At this stage of treatment, you can use traditional medicine recipes, which are aimed at recovering from a long illness and serious treatment. But it is necessary to consult with your doctor so that the funds do not duplicate each other.
Therapy during pregnancy
In this special period for the female body, it is difficult to treat gardnerellosis. At some stages of fetal development, the use of antibiotics is prohibited. But active treatment must be carried out especially before childbirth.
The fact is that when passing through the birth canal, a newborn baby can become infected with this disease or some others.
Traditional medicine recipes, which imply a more gentle effect on the body, can become a good helper during this period. Tampons soaked in decoctions of medicinal herbs, for example, calendula, thyme, plantain, birch leaves, help successfully.
But before using such funds, it is imperative to consult with a gynecologist so as not to harm your body and the health of the unborn baby.
A little conclusion
Disease-causing bacteria are always ready to populate the vacated space in the human body. They are resistant to many drugs and can wait a long time for favorable conditions. And such conditions are created by the person himself. First of all, wrong or incomplete treatment, an unhealthy lifestyle.
For the prevention of gardnerellosis, you must constantly strengthen your immunity, fight chronic inflammation in the body, even if they do not cause inconvenience. You also need to avoid stressful situations that negatively affect the entire body.
Women must undergo a gynecological examination twice a year for early detection of problems. At the initial stage, the disease is easier to treat and much more effective.