Table of contents:
- Varieties of bacteria
- The main causes of infection
- Signs of infection
- Treatment methods
- Folk remedies
- Prevention of infection
Last updated 30 January 2018 at 01:26
Reading time: 5 min
Recently, the disease - staphylococcus in infants, is increasingly common. Staphylococci are bacteria that live quietly on mucous membranes, on the skin, in the human intestine, but when activated, they can cause harm, causing various diseases.
Therefore, each parent should know what are the signs of staphylococcus in infants in order to protect their child from such a disease.
This bacterium has a whole arsenal of harmful manifestations, a decrease in immunity, the occurrence of inflammation and allergic reactions, the destruction of erythrocytes and leukocytes, the release of toxins.
- 1 Varieties of bacteria
- 2 Main causes of infection
- 3 Signs of infection
- 4 Diagnostics
- 5 Treatment options
- 6 Folk remedies
- 7 Prevention of infection
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Varieties of bacteria
There are more than two dozen types of staphylococcus. Of these, 14 live on mucous membranes and human skin, only 3 of these species cause diseases.
The most common types:
- Staphylococcus aureus (Aureus) is the most common and dangerous bacteria. Has a yellowish color of bacterial colonies. It contributes to the appearance of about a hundred different diseases, some of which can become chronic. It settles in any healthy organ.
- Epidermal (Epidermidis). Habitat - nose, mouth and eyes. Occurs in children born prematurely or undergoing surgery. More often appears with weakened immunity. Dangerous if present in the blood, causing endocardial inflammation or sepsis.
- Saprophytic (Saprophyticus) staphylococcus is rare in newborns. More often in women, affecting the bladder, kidneys.
- Staphylococcus aureus. Habitat - skin, mucous membranes, feces, breast milk. The disease is accompanied by purulent eruptions, is activated with reduced immunity.
- Klebsiella. Most often, Klebsiella and staphylococcal infection in infants are manifested in the form of dysbiosis. These pathogenic enterobacteria are found in a healthy human body and usually do not manifest themselves in anything. If conditions are favorable, microorganisms multiply.
The main causes of infection
One of the main reasons for the appearance of CCA in newborns is the very weak immune system of the baby at birth.
The most common causes of infection are:
- delivery ahead of schedule;
- weak immunity;
- lack of compliance with the rules of hygiene of the mother and medical staff;
- deviations from the norm during pregnancy;
- difficult labor;
- too little weight of the baby.
- gestosis during pregnancy;
- the use of artificial ventilation, catheters;
- the presence of infection in the family, medical staff;
- cracks in the mother's nipples.
There is also the possibility of infection through breast milk, causing dysbiosis in the child. The baby is constantly pulling something into his mouth, so it is important to maintain an appropriate level of cleanliness. Sometimes CC enters the body by airborne droplets or infecting the umbilical wound.
Signs of infection
When diagnosed, the mother takes breast milk from each breast for analysis, the child is required to be analyzed, depending on the signs of infection:
- with signs of SARS, an analysis of the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses is needed;
- in case of violation of the gastrointestinal tract - analysis of feces;
- with possible sepsis - a blood test.
- when it appears on the skin, a scraping of wounds is taken.
In the laboratory, the number of harmful bacteria is manually calculated. In a situation where an infection is detected in breast milk, treatment is prescribed for the mother, and the baby receives it through feeding. If the number of microorganisms in the child exceeds the norm and coincides with the symptoms, treatment will also follow.
Sometimes, when an infection is found that exceeds the norm, the child feels great, then the analysis is taken again, after a while.
With the appropriate symptoms of infection, you must immediately resort to the help of specialists. The doctor will determine the correct diagnosis and explain how to treat staphylococcus aureus in newborns. The choice of therapeutic methods is complicated by the fact that the patient is very small and weak, but every physician with the appropriate qualifications is able to find the necessary treatment.
In more severe cases of infection, the mother with the baby is hospitalized. At home, parents should follow the treatment prescribed by a doctor.
Medication for treatment:
- penicillin antibiotic therapy;
- compulsory vaccination to form antibodies against bacteria;
- antiparasitic drugs of the bioresonance type;
- antibacterial drugs (Fukortsil, Chlorophyllipt);
- means for increasing immunity in the body (enzymes, vitamins, probiotics, immunomodulators, etc.)
When using antibiotics, you need to be careful, most often they are useless and cause dysbiosis in a child, it is better to limit yourself to therapeutic methods. In case it is Staphylococcus aureus, the course of treatment will be long with repeated tests.
Parents need to be careful with the use of such means, because babies cannot use anything other than mother's milk. All actions must be coordinated with the attending physician. Mainly for newborns, folk remedies help with external use.
Baths with herbal decoctions of chamomile, string and oak bark will soothe the baby and reduce pain. It is also advisable to use brilliant green when treating skin manifestations of infection. Mandatory sterilization of objects with which the baby is in contact is required.
Prevention of infection
To avoid possible infection, it is important to follow some recommendations:
- adherence to hygiene standards when caring for a newborn. Washing hands with baby soap before each contact, also applies to medical staff.
- keep the feeding utensils, pacifiers, toys clean.
- the use of special pads for cracked nipples.
- monitoring the baby's bowel movements (frequency, color and consistency).
- if possible, protect from unnecessary contacts (selection of an individual ward).
Any parent will be scared upon hearing the diagnosis - staphylococcus aureus. But don't despair. Even if the newborn is very weak, under the supervision of highly qualified specialists, the infant will surely be cured.
Parents are required to be more attentive to their children in order to timely detect the child's discomfort, and thus prevent the complication of the disease.