Staphylococcus Aureus In Children - Symptoms And Treatment Methods Of Pediatric Staphylococcus

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Staphylococcus Aureus In Children - Symptoms And Treatment Methods Of Pediatric Staphylococcus
Staphylococcus Aureus In Children - Symptoms And Treatment Methods Of Pediatric Staphylococcus

Video: Staphylococcus Aureus In Children - Symptoms And Treatment Methods Of Pediatric Staphylococcus

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Video: Staphylococcus aureus 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 30 August 2017 at 07:29 PM

Reading time: 6 minutes

Staphylococcus aureus is the most common infection these days.

Staphylococci live everywhere: in water, soil, and even on human skin and mucous membranes. For a healthy body, these microorganisms do not pose a threat, but once the immune system is weakened, they attack.

Almost every person at least once in their life is faced with a disease caused by this bacterium. At risk are people of all ages, but most often doctors diagnose staphylococcus aureus in immunocompromised children.

The signs and symptoms of staphylococcus in children are very diverse and depend on various factors: age, general health, the presence of other diseases and the type of pathogen.

Content

  • 1 Types of staphylococcal infection in children
  • 2 Diagnostics
  • 3 Common symptoms of staphylococcus in a child
  • 4 Signs of staphylococcus in the mouth and nasal cavity
  • 5 Signs of staphylococcus bacteria in the intestine
  • 6 How can you get infected?
  • 7 Treatment
  • 8 Preventive measures

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Types of staphylococcal infection in children

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In total, there are 3 types of staphylococcus strains that children are susceptible to:

  1. saprophytic - causes inflammation of the organs of the urinary system. Saprophytic staphylococcus aureus rarely affects the child's body. This type of infection is recognized as the least dangerous - with proper treatment, recovery occurs within 3 days;
  2. epidermal - affects the skin and mucous membranes, causing: boils, dermatitis, eczema, postoperative complications, conjunctivitis. Premature babies and children who have undergone any surgical intervention are at risk of developing this infection. The body of the baby, who was born through a cesarean section, also resists infection poorly. With timely local therapy, staphylococcus epidermidis does not pose a threat to health;
  3. golden is the most common and aggressive staphylococcal strain, since it is capable of causing purulent inflammation in almost all organs and tissues. It provokes serious diseases: pneumonia, sepsis, peritonitis, meningitis, osteomyelitis, enteritis. In childhood, it is especially difficult to tolerate. The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus is immune to a number of powerful antibiotics and antiseptics, high temperatures and sunlight. Of particular danger are strains resistant to drugs of the penicillin and cephalosporin series;

Diagnostics

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Staphylococcal infection is most often localized precisely on the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth. Children who do not follow the norms of personal hygiene or eat poorly washed vegetables and fruits carry all the toxic microflora into their mouths.

The following symptoms will help to detect staphylococcus in children:

  1. discomfort in the throat, which increases with swallowing;
  2. inflamed lymph nodes;
  3. redness and swelling of the tonsils;
  4. a white or yellowish purulent coating on the tonsils and tongue;
  5. small sores or pustules in the mouth;
  6. difficulty breathing;
  7. high body temperature;
  8. lack of appetite.

Signs of staphylococcus bacteria in the intestine

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Staphylococcal bacteria can easily enter the intestines of a child with a weakened immune system. Sometimes, one spoiled food or contact with an infected peer is enough.

Signs of infection appear only when the staphylococcus bacterium has entered the child's intestines in sufficient quantities and has managed to multiply.

The main signs of staphylococcus in the intestinal tract:

  1. persistent abdominal pain, cutting or bursting;
  2. a strong feeling of bloating and heaviness;
  3. purulent or bloody streaks in the stool;
  4. violation of appetite;
  5. vomiting, nausea, diarrhea.

Staphylococcal infection can lead to the following diseases:

  1. conjunctivitis - an inflammatory lesion of the mucous membrane of the eyelid, in which pus is released from the eye;
  2. abscess is a purulent inflammation under the skin, characterized by compaction and redness of the surrounding tissues. To treat an abscess, antibiotic treatment and surgical removal of the abscess are used;
  3. omphalitis - inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue in the navel area, with the release of pus from the umbilical wound;
  4. enterocolitis - inflammation of the small and large intestine, which is characterized by upset stools, vomiting, pain in the abdomen. At the same time, the stool is watery and frequent (more than 10 times a day);
  5. sepsis is a general purulent infection that often develops as a result of unfavorable treatment of an abscess. This disease is very dangerous, as it is difficult for patients.

How can you get infected?

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For a child's body, the threat of contracting staphylococcus comes from almost everywhere, especially if he recently had a viral infection and his immunity is weakened.

There are the following transmission routes:

  • contact-household - the most common way of infection with staphylococcus in the child's body, occurs through contact with the carrier of the infection and through personal hygiene items, dust. Breastfeeding children can become infected through cracks in the nipples of the mother, who has a pathogenic coccus in the body;
  • airborne. The bacteria enter the child's body through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes;
  • fecal-oral - the result of eating spoiled contaminated products, non-observance of personal hygiene rules, contact with feces or vomit of infected animals;
  • through contaminated medical instruments that have not been fully sterilized.

Treatment

If a staphylococcus strain is found in the child's analyzes, it is important not to try to defeat the disease on your own, but to entrust this matter to medical workers.

Doctors prefer the following treatments for staphylococcal infections:

  1. Antibiotics are the main agent in the fight against Staphylococcus aureus, which effectively suppresses its pathogenic activity. Before choosing a specific medicine, the child is assigned tests that show the sensitivity of the coccus to antibiotics.
  2. Local antiseptics. The following are used as local antiseptics: hydrogen peroxide, brilliant green solution, 70% alcohol, Vishnevsky ointment. These funds are used to treat damaged skin areas: wounds, abscesses. For rinsing the nose and rinsing the mouth, use a solution of manganese and miramistin.
  3. Vitamin-mineral complexes - contribute to the restoration of normal metabolism and help restore strength to the weakened body of the child.
  4. Immunoglobulins - aimed at reducing the duration and severity of the disease and increasing the protective functions of the body.

Prevention measures

It is impossible to predict where the staphylococcus will come from. This infection is very easily transmitted, but with a strong immune system, it poses no danger.

For this, doctors recommend:

  1. monitor compliance with the rules of personal hygiene: wash your hands before eating and after walking;
  2. do wet cleaning in the apartment twice a week and ventilate the room;
  3. try to include healthy and vitamin-rich foods in the child's diet. The most useful for the child's immunity are: honey, natural yoghurts and kefir, carrots, apples, onions, garlic, turkey, sea fish.
  4. minimize the consumption of food: sweets, fast food, sausages, fatty and fried foods;
  5. do morning exercises and temper the body;
  6. avoid stressful situations;
  7. walk in the fresh air as often as possible;
  8. in cases of cuts and wounds, it is imperative to treat the affected skin area with antiseptic agents.

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