Table of contents:
- Epithelial cells in urine
- General urine analysis: decoding, epithelium norm
- Transitional epithelial cells in urine
Video: Epithelium In Urine - What Is The Rate Of Epithelium In Urine?
Last updated 30 July 2017 at 01:44 PM
Reading time: 5 min
One of the main and necessary for any clinical examination is a general urine analysis, which provides for the study of the composition of the result of human life by conducting biochemical, microscopic and physicochemical studies.
Metabolic end products, which are excreted from the body naturally, are very important for the subsequent identification of possible diseases, infections and inflammatory processes in the body.
- 1 Epithelial cells in urine
- 2 General urine analysis: decoding, norm of epithelium
- 3 Squamous epithelium in urine
- 4 Cells of transitional epithelium in urine
- 5 Renal epithelium in urine
6 Causes of epithelium in urine
6.1 Similar articles
Epithelial cells in urine
Their layer is an epithelial surface, a tissue that is a membrane of internal organs, mucous membranes, urogenital, respiratory and digestive systems, glands, outer skin, epidermis.
If the analysis of urine determines the deviation of the number of epithelium from a predetermined norm, there are suspicions of diseases of the above body functions.
Which epithelial cells can be found in urine:
- squamous epithelium. It is a membrane for the prostate gland and urinary tract in males. In women, it is more common during the examination. Almost all organs of the genitourinary system are covered with a layer;
- transitional epithelium. An integral part of the biliary system and urinary tract. Present in the kidneys, bladder, urethra;
- renal epithelium. Based on the name, it becomes clear that the main location of this type of tissue is the kidney tubules.
General urine analysis: decoding, epithelium norm
It is observed when peeling from the surface and mucous membranes, genital tissues in women, children and the genitourinary system, the prostate gland in men. Its indicators will be different for age groups, and differ depending on the gender of the patient.
Squamous epithelium in the urine of a child and its rate depends on age:
- from birth to 14 weeks. Valid value is from 0 to 10;
- The child has. The value is "Negative" or single, up to 3.
What should be the norm of squamous epithelium in women in urine:
- under 18 years old. A value from 0 to 3;
- from 50 years old. Indicator - up to 3;
- after 50 years, during menopause. Number from 0 to 6;
- menstrual cycle. In women, 1-2 days before its expected onset, the value increases to 5.
In men, the permissible value is from 0 to 5. Otherwise, an additional examination is assigned and a search for the cause is carried out. During pregnancy, it can reach a quantitative indicator from 4 to 6. When taking antibacterial drugs and diuretics - 5.
Transitional epithelial cells in urine
It is very important to timely detect abnormalities or changes that are shown by a general urine test. It reflects the work of the urinary and biliary, reproductive system.
Any deviation from the result or an increase in its indicator warns of possible diseases that need to be additionally diagnosed and studied.
What does a large amount of squamous epithelium mean in men and women:
- the period of menopause in older women;
- taking medications;
- cystitis. An infection that provokes an inflammatory process in the bladder. The sediment and composition of urine changes;
- nephropathy. Changes in kidney density, organ blood pressure, filtration function;
- prostatitis in men. Urological disease. Provoked by a lesion of the prostate gland;
- urethritis. Changes in the structure of the wall of the urethra by infection. Leads to inflammation of the urethra;
Special attention should be paid to doctors by the existing flat epithelium in the urine of a child and its possible causes:
- difficult childbirth;
- reflux of the urinary system. A disorder that causes urine to flow back into the kidneys from the bladder without removing it outside;
- intrauterine diseases. Streptococcus, staphylococcus;
- urolithiasis disease;
- pathological disorders of the genitourinary system;
- hereditary chronic kidney dysfunction;
- neurological problems.
Detachable epithelial cells involved in the work of the kidneys and urinary system are found quite often.
If the transitional epithelium is present during the study, in the urine, there are several reasons for this:
- urolithiasis disease;
- cystitis. Urinary tract infection;
- oncological neoplasms.
And absolutely there should be no presence of renal epithelium in the urine.
His presence speaks of existing diseases and serious health problems:
- the kidney is rejected after transplantation;
- pyelonephritis. Lesion of the renal pelvis, inflammation of the tubules;
- glomerulonephritis. Expressed in acute and chronic form of renal failure;
- ischemic nephropathy. A disorder that provokes diabetes. At the same time, the kidney is unable to perform its function, damage to the gland, arteries and impaired blood circulation of the organ occurs;
- nephrosclerosis. Pathology of the development of the gland. Decrease in the size of the kidney with its subsequent dysfunction;
- kidney tuberculosis. An infectious disease provoked by bacteria.
The results of the urine examination may be unreliable only if the biological fluid is taken incorrectly. This is especially common in young children and women.