Table of contents:
- Characteristics of the disease
- Causes of occurrence
- The main symptoms of vaginosis
- Disease treatment process
Video: Vaginosis - Methods Of Treating Bacterial Vaginosis, Drugs
Last updated 19 January 2018 at 11:52 pm
Reading time: 5 min
Most women at least once in their lives have faced such a problem as bacterial vaginosis. This disease is characterized by profuse vaginal discharge, due to a violation of the natural microflora.
High rates of the disease are associated with certain reasons: ecology, impaired immunity, hormonal disruptions in the body, as well as the use of various drugs, in particular antibiotics.
- 1 Characteristics of the disease
- 2 Causes of occurrence
- 3 The main symptoms of vaginosis
4 Process of disease treatment
- 4.1 Prevention of vaginosis
- 4.2 Similar articles
Characteristics of the disease
The initial factors in the development of the disease are determined by prolonged or unreasonable intake of antibiotics, these drugs lead not only to significant changes in the microflora, but also to disruption of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
The development of the disease at the initial stage is characterized by the manifestation of an unpleasant odor, which can increase after the end of intercourse. The causative agents of the disease can be transmitted to the partner through unprotected intercourse, which can also serve as a manifestation of relapses in the future.
The development of vaginosis occurs at a very rapid pace: within a day after infection, primary symptoms may manifest themselves. The amount of discharge in women may depend on age. In adolescent girls, the disease can proceed without any visible symptoms; in older women, the changes are mostly noticeable.
In women who have given birth, the disease is more acute, the discharge is abundant, their color is gray or white. It is not possible to get rid of the unpleasant odor.
Some women confuse vaginosis with thrush due to the similarity of symptoms. They start using antifungal agents or antibiotics, thereby aggravating the situation. Before taking medication, you need to understand that not all chemicals are effective against diseases of this type.
Causes of occurrence
Each, separately taken disease, has its own cause, and sometimes a number of reasons. Vaginosis is no exception.
Let's consider the causes of the disease in more detail
- Fitted underwear made of synthetic materials prevents oxygen from penetrating to the skin and vaginal mucosa.
- Coils, pads, or tampons when worn daily.
- The use of antibiotics, including those that can destroy beneficial bacteria.
- Foods are the main sources of lactic acid bacteria. Their lack can lead to the development of the disease.
- Chronic intestinal diseases.
- Weak immunity, the inability of the body to overcome the disease on its own.
- The presence of inflammatory processes, which may be a consequence of the development of the disease.
- Concomitant diseases of the female reproductive system.
- Violation of hormonal levels or disruptions of the menstrual cycle.
- The use of certain contraceptives (creams, suppositories, condoms, etc.)
- Deformation of the cervix after some operations.
- Excessive hygiene (frequent washing, douching, etc.)
- Foreign body entering the vagina.
The main symptoms of vaginosis
When primary symptoms appear, you should immediately contact a gynecologist, and then treat the disease of vaginosis.
Consider the main symptoms of the disease in acute form in women
- Discharge of gray or whitish color, possibly with the appearance of foam;
- The presence of an unpleasant odor, the elimination of which does not give results;
- Violation of urination;
- Itching or burning sensation when urinating, pain in the vagina;
- Pain during sexual intercourse;
- Abundant discharge after intercourse or before the onset of menstruation;
Disease treatment process
In order to establish the correct diagnosis, the specialist must collect a detailed history, as well as conduct an examination. On the eve of a visit to a specialist, you should refrain from sexual intercourse. During the examination, it is possible to take a smear, on the basis of which it is possible to determine the number of special sticks.
Determining the acidic environment of the vagina will also help in making the correct diagnosis. An amino test should also be performed to detect an unpleasant odor when the secretions interact with a certain chemical.
In the case of early detection of the primary symptoms of the disease, bacterial vaginosis is treated quite easily.
Traditional treatment of the disease is to restore the normal microflora of the vagina. Most often, treatment involves the elimination of the harmful gardnerella, and this bacterium is resistant to common drugs.
The process of restoring microflora is carried out at home, however, after all the necessary research has been carried out. It is necessary to start treatment immediately after the end of menstruation, sexual intercourse during the period of taking the drugs should be protected.
It is important to take into account the factor that self-treatment can lead not only to an aggravation of the condition, but also to serious consequences. For example, candles should not be used if there is no confidence in their positive effect. The most effective measure for preventing the development of the disease is a serious attitude to sex life, as well as maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
In order for the treatment process to end with a positive result, several drugs can be prescribed simultaneously. Usually, these are drugs such as Meratin, Metronidazole, Naxogine. An alternative can be Ampicillin, Dalatsin, vaginal suppositories Betadine, Terzhinan, etc.
Also, the Trichopolum remedy is noted as effective, the action of which extends to the destruction of the DNA of harmful bacteria. Its reception is calculated for approximately 7-10 days. To eliminate vaginosis in girls, doctors recommend taking oral medications; women can use vaginal suppositories.
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to find out the reason for the change in microflora. If the cause is not more serious infections, it is possible to use herbal baths, douching or gauze swabs soaked in an oil mixture (olive and sea buckthorn).
This disease is not uncommon during pregnancy. The consequence of this is a low level of immunity, as well as an increase in progesterone in the body, which increases the mucus content and its thickness in the vagina.
The greatest danger is the disease, which was detected during pregnancy, but it appeared earlier. In any situation, vaginosis during pregnancy must be treated. Symptoms in a pregnant woman are no different from usual.
A disease during pregnancy is fraught with serious consequences, among which one can single out: spontaneous abortion, infection of the embryo, complications during childbirth, their premature, the occurrence of purulent processes.
If pathogenic microorganisms are found in the vagina, the partner also needs to undergo a medical examination.
Prevention of vaginosis
In order to avoid relapse, a woman needs to follow simple preventive measures
- Promiscuous sexual intercourse should be excluded, in extreme cases they should be protected;
- It is necessary to strengthen the immune system on a regular basis, exclude diseases of the endocrine system and be examined by a specialist at least twice a year;
- Eliminate douching with antiseptic agents that can reduce the number of necessary bacteria;
- You should refuse to take antibacterial drugs without the appointment of a specialist;
- Monitor the condition of the intestines in order to avoid the manifestation of interrelated dysbiosis;
- Observe all the rules of your own hygiene, take seriously the choice of linen;
- Build the right diet and stick to it;
- For diseases, do not use antibiotics for a long period.
In conclusion, it should be noted that treatment must be carried out in accordance with individual indicators. Treatment can be considered complete at the end of two stages: elimination of pathogenic bacteria and complete restoration of the vaginal flora.
To prevent relapse of the disease, absolutely all symptoms should be eliminated. Errors in making a diagnosis, as well as improper treatment, can lead to very serious consequences.