Parasites During Pregnancy - Why Are Parasites Dangerous During Pregnancy?

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Parasites During Pregnancy - Why Are Parasites Dangerous During Pregnancy?
Parasites During Pregnancy - Why Are Parasites Dangerous During Pregnancy?

Video: Parasites During Pregnancy - Why Are Parasites Dangerous During Pregnancy?

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Video: DEWORMING DURING PREGNANCY | CAUSES |PREVENTION BY WHO | TREATMENT OF INTESTINAL WORM IN PREGNANCY| 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 25 June 2017 at 17:47

Reading time: 5 min

Pregnancy for any woman is the most significant, requiring unquestioning seriousness, and at the same time the happiest part of life. Each expectant mother wishes her baby to be born and grow up strong and healthy, and this largely depends on taking care of her personal condition during the period of his gestation.

The most important thing is not to self-medicate. It is important to remember that any careless action can negatively affect the future development of the child.

Content

  • 1 The nature of helminthiasis
  • 2 The danger of helminthic invasions for the expectant mother
  • 3 Consequences of helminthic invasions for the unborn baby
  • 4 Breeding grounds for parasites
  • 5 Signals of infection with worms during pregnancy
  • 6 Diagnostics of helminthiasis during gestation
  • 7 Do we treat or cripple?
  • 8 Drug treatment for expectant mothers

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The nature of helminthiasis

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The opinions of scientists boil down to the fact that human existence is impossible without parasites. Along with many other microorganisms, they are an integral part of the human biosystem. The difference is that most of them are harmless, and only certain types of helminths that are in the phase of active reproduction can poison human health with the products of their vital activity, and therefore require responsible treatment.

The more common worms in the human body are roundworms and pinworms, but there are also such as Trichinella, whipworms, bovine and pork tapeworms. Basically, parasites are concentrated in the intestines, but they can also infect any other organs, existing and developing at the same time at the expense of a foreign organism.

The danger of helminthic invasions for the expectant mother

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During pregnancy, worms have an extremely negative effect on the condition of a woman as a whole. The invasion intensifies the manifestations of toxicosis, as a result of which the female body does not receive the required amount of nutrients and very soon weakens.

Unfavorable consequences for pregnant women entail enterobiasis - a disease caused by worms from the genus pinworms that live in the intestines. Pinworms can invade the birth canal, provoke damage to their mucous membranes and thereby open the way for various infections. In addition, they cause severe irritation, which leads to insomnia and disorders of the nervous system of the expectant mother.

Dangerous when carrying a child is also represented by diseases such as non-kotorosis and hookworm disease. Their causative agents are round helminths that settle in the duodenum. They can harm her cavity, thereby causing continuous bleeding, which, as a result, leads to hypochromic anemia.

The consequences of helminthic invasions for the unborn baby

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For a baby in the womb, ascariasis and toxoplasmosis are most fraught with harmful consequences. Ascaris larvae entering the child's brain through the placenta threatens changes in its development, and can also cause difficult childbirth.

Toxoplasmosis is the most merciless parasite during pregnancy, since it is capable of provoking the death of a baby while still in the womb or at birth. In other cases, there is a possibility of inhibition of the child's development, the appearance of epilepsy or infantile cerebral palsy.

Breeding grounds for parasites

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It is very easy for anyone to become infected with helminths, not only for pregnant women. It is possible to become hostage to various parasitic organisms both through your own fault and under circumstances that cannot be controlled.

The main sources of worm infection:

  1. the soil for growing vegetables and fruits in vegetable gardens and garden plots is usually fertilized with animal feces, which may contain parasite larvae;
  2. food from the garden, which does not require heat treatment before consumption, does not exclude the possibility of infection even after washing with water;
  3. eggs of worms can be settled in your body simply by inhaling the air contaminated by them;
  4. money is the subject of everyday life of a myriad of people, including the owners of helminths;
  5. bodily contact with an infected person or objects of its use can cause infestation;
  6. playgrounds for children are often used by street animals as places where you can relieve themselves, as a result of which all the larvae of worms that are contained in their waste products end up in a children's sandbox;
  7. freshwater reservoirs also fill with eggs of parasites, which can easily enter the human body during swimming;
  8. infected pets are carriers of worms, which are contained not only in their feces, but also on the skin and hair;
  9. with insufficient heat treatment, meat and fish products can become foci of infection for helminths.

Signals of infection with worms during pregnancy

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Worms of various types in a pregnant woman, alas, are not uncommon. Hormonal changes and a decrease in the protective functions of the body when carrying a child increase the risk of helminthiasis.

It is no secret that the pregnancy process under normal conditions proceeds with certain negative symptoms, such as:

  • nausea;
  • dizziness;
  • asthenicity;
  • instability of the emotional state.

In addition, a number of such symptoms are inherent in helminth infection:

  • temperature increase;
  • indigestion;
  • loss of appetite;
  • weight loss;
  • pain in the liver area;
  • rashes on the skin;
  • dry cough;
  • itching in the anus and birth canal;
  • insomnia.

With prolonged parasitism in the human body, worms begin to actively appear in the stool, sometimes on linen. Pinworms look like small white worms about 1 cm in length. Roundworms reach up to 40 cm in length with a diameter of 0.3-0.6 cm and are much less often shown to the eye, but if they appear, it is impossible not to notice them.

Diagnosis of helminthiasis during gestation

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It is important to understand which pills the pharmacist of the pharmacy would not suggest - you can treat worms while carrying a child strictly with the medicines prescribed by the attending doctor.

Taking into account all the features of the patient's disease, the doctor selects the most appropriate anthelmintic drugs for the given case. You must adhere to the prescribed dosage unquestioningly and take the correct medicine.

Throughout the entire course of treatment for helminthiasis, the expectant mother should be under the close supervision of a doctor. A responsible and reasonable approach to the treatment of helminthic invasion during the period of expectation of the child will be the key to a speedy recovery and the guarantor of the future health of both the mother and her baby.

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