Parasites - How To Identify Parasite Eggs, Treatments, Drugs

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Parasites - How To Identify Parasite Eggs, Treatments, Drugs
Parasites - How To Identify Parasite Eggs, Treatments, Drugs

Video: Parasites - How To Identify Parasite Eggs, Treatments, Drugs

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Video: Diagnostic Features of Intestinal Nematodes 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 6 March 2019 at 15:56

Reading time: 5 min

Infection with parasites most often occurs when the development of the pest is at the stage of the formed egg.

It is impossible to detect the presence of a threat without special instruments, analyzes or research, and therefore the majority are unaware that they are carriers of dangerous "roommates." If you find worms or have similar symptoms, be sure to see your doctor.

You can catch worms almost anywhere, if you do not follow simple rules of personal hygiene: A person can acquire worms through the following foci of infection. The reason may be:

  • using dirty bed linen;
  • the use of untreated water, which contains invisible parasites;
  • eating unwashed vegetables and fruits;
  • dirty hands;
  • eating meat or fish without sufficient heat treatment.

In all the above places, parasites can leave larvae, which, after entering the human body, grow into active parasitic individuals. With repeated "intake" of a portion of the larvae, a person's well-being can significantly deteriorate.

The most common causative agent of helminthiasis in humans is pinworms or roundworms. Their reproduction takes place in the anal area, as a result of which the infected person feels itching. During sleep, parasites are more active, and discomfort becomes more noticeable.

Content

  • 1 What do the eggs of worms look like?
  • 2 How to determine the presence of worms in a person
  • 3 Identification of helminthiasis. Diagnostics
  • 4 Delivery of analyzes. How to Prepare?
  • 5 Eggs of worms in feces
  • 6 Why conduct this research?
  • 7 Scraping for enterobiasis
  • 8 How long can worm eggs live?

    8.1 Similar articles

What do worm eggs look like?

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Helminth eggs cannot be seen without a microscope. But an adult is easy enough to recognize in the masses of feces, which independently came out.

And yet, how to recognize the eggs of worms and what size do they come in?

Let's take a look at a few of the most common types:

  1. Roundworms reach up to 15 centimeters in length. Their habitat is located in the small intestine, has a white or transparent color, so it is not difficult to detect it. Since the roundworm does not fix itself to the intestinal wall, the treatment process takes place quite quickly and painlessly, since the worm does not damage the tissues of the interior. Ascaris is the most common parasite that a person gets sick with.
  2. Pinworms are much shorter than roundworms - the length of the worm reaches only 1 centimeter. It can be detected either by a specialist by examining the patient's feces, or by the patient himself. The activity of the pinworm occurs in the lower parts of the rectum, therefore, while a person is sleeping, the worm can crawl out and lay eggs on the skin or genitals, which is why the pinworm is also a carrier of various infections.
  3. The bovine tapeworm in its vital activity is very similar to the broad tapeworm. Due to its large size, this parasite is very easy to detect. The length of an adult can even reach 26 meters. The size of the eggs of both worms is fairly visible, and it is not difficult to detect it in the feces of the infected. It is also possible to detect the presence of a worm in the body by looking at the contents of the feces, where the detached parts of the worm may be located.

How to determine the presence of worms in a person

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Consider the symptoms that signal the presence of "neighbors" in the body:

  • significant weight loss, increased hunger;
  • unexplained abdominal pain;
  • itching and burning in the anal area;
  • increased frequency of diseases associated with a weakened immune system;
  • drowsiness, fatigue, general weakness.

Identification of helminthiasis. Diagnostics

Stool, urine, bile, and sputum tests can help identify the presence and type of parasite causing unwanted symptoms. The habitat of eggs or mature parasites will help determine which helminth attacked your body.

After analyzing the patient's feces, you can find parts of the worm, its larvae or eggs.

Delivery of analyzes. How to Prepare?

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Since often active individuals live in the colon and rectum, their parts come out together with feces. It is in the feces that larvae or eggs of helminths are most likely to be found. Using a microscope, a specialist will determine which parasite is harming your body.

A small particle of the stool being examined is placed on a special surface and then painted. Test particles will be detected if present in feces. When viewed under a microscope, eggs and other fragments of the worms will be visible. Such a study is carried out by a specialized doctor who specializes in parasites of various types.

There are a huge number of worms that develop safely in the human body, and each of them has its own peculiarity, or similarity with other representatives of its type.

Why do this research?

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  1. to identify the cause of diarrhea can be studies aimed at detecting worms or their eggs in the small intestine;
  2. if the individual is not found, the cause of the malaise will be looked for in a different way. For this, a complete analysis of the body is prescribed, for which the patient can be placed in a medical institution. Be prepared for various tests, and strictly adhere to the instructions of your doctor;
  3. by determining the type of parasite, you will be diagnosed. Depending on the type of helminths, the stage of its development and the degree of damage to the body, the doctor will prescribe a treatment, regimen and diet;
  4. the fact that the helminth is already in charge of your body is a great danger to the patient's health. After all, there are such worms that cause significant harm to humans, affecting the lungs, liver, intestinal walls, while causing different reactions of the body.

Scraping for enterobiasis

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This analysis is aimed at identifying the pinworm worm. For prevention purposes, it should be done once or twice a year, especially for children. Scraping can also be done at home, as shown in the picture above. You should not wash yourself before scraping so as not to wash off possible particles of worms around the anus.

Follow the recommendations for the correct analysis. Take a cotton swab, or other thin object, fixing a small amount of cotton wool on the tip. Soak a cotton swab in a glycerin solution and run it around the hole as if you were wiping dirt off the area. After that, place the cotton swab in a sterile vessel, closing it with a lid. You can immediately take it to the laboratory so that the collected particles are suitable for analysis.

As a rule, the results of the study will be known the next day, but they will probably be done faster. You can check with your doctor about the results.

How long can worm eggs live?

How many worm eggs live - picture on gemoparazit.ru
How many worm eggs live - picture on gemoparazit.ru

This question is quite important, because the likelihood of re-infection or infection of other family members depends on it. The most tenacious are eggs of helminths called nematodes.

After entering the external environment, pinworms are able to ripen for a week. High temperatures (up to 40 degrees) are most favorable for them. At temperatures up to 20 degrees, eggs ripen more slowly.

The most tenacious representatives were roundworms. In comfortable conditions, her eggs can live up to several years.

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