Papilloma Virus - Symptoms And Treatment Of Papilloma Virus In Women

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Papilloma Virus - Symptoms And Treatment Of Papilloma Virus In Women
Papilloma Virus - Symptoms And Treatment Of Papilloma Virus In Women

Video: Papilloma Virus - Symptoms And Treatment Of Papilloma Virus In Women

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Video: Human Papillomavirus Infections | Medicine Lectures | Student Education | V-Learning 2023, February
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Last updated 25 January 2018 at 05:24 PM

Reading time: 5 min

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common infections transmitted from one person to another.

According to the statistics of the World Health Organization, almost 70% of the population is carriers of the papillomavirus. This disease is characterized by cell proliferation and tissue proliferation, which leads to the appearance of growths on the skin and mucous surfaces of the body.

Papilloma develops in women much more often than in men. Some strains of the virus are purely an aesthetic defect, while others pose serious health consequences.

It is the papilloma virus in women that provokes the development of oncological diseases, including cervical cancer.

Content

  • 1 Causes of the appearance of the virus in women
  • 2 The main symptoms of HPV
  • 3 Locations
  • 4 HPV discharge
  • 5 Diagnosis of the presence of HPV
  • 6 How is HPV treated?
  • 7 Drug therapy
  • 8 Methods for removing papillomas
  • 9 Prevention of HPV

    9.1 Related articles

Causes of the appearance of the virus in women

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The symptoms and manifestations of HPV are as follows:

  1. papillomas are a soft elongated growth that is attached to the skin or mucous membranes using a leg. These are benign lesions that can be located in small groups or singularly. Their coloration is usually identical to the skin color, but sometimes they can take on a brownish tint. Depending on the state of the immune system, papillomas can either disappear on their own, or, on the contrary, multiply rapidly.
  2. genital warts - resemble a rooster's comb in shape, protrude above the surface of the skin or mucous membranes. They have ragged edges and are easily recognizable by touch. The size of genital warts varies from 1 to 10 mm. However, in some cases, their size can reach several centimeters. Usually located in the groin, buttocks and anus. They give a woman great discomfort during intercourse and prevent childbirth.
  3. flat warts - they do not grow outward, but inside the epithelium of the cervix, so it is quite difficult to detect them even on examination by a gynecologist. Almost always, this disease is asymptomatic or with mild symptoms. The danger of flat warts is that they have a chance to degenerate into a cancerous tumor.

Localization locations

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Papillomas, genital warts and flat warts are most often found in women:

  • in the mouth and larynx;
  • in the vagina and on the cervix;
  • in the anal area;
  • in the area of ​​the eyes and eyelids;
  • inside the ducts of the mammary glands;
  • on areas of the body where the skin is constantly moist: neck, armpits, area under the breast.

Discharge with HPV

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Quite often, the human papillomavirus in women is accompanied by painful sensations in the genital area or vaginal discharge uncharacteristic for a healthy state.

Some patients also complain of irritation and burning after intercourse. The occurrence of these symptoms is a serious reason for a visit to the doctor. Only laboratory tests will determine the exact cause of the appearance of unusual vaginal discharge.

Diagnosing the presence of HPV

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In the case of a positive test for papillomavirus in women, it is extremely important to start treatment in a timely manner.

Only a specialist can determine how to treat the papilloma virus in each specific case. The therapy regimen depends on the type of papillomas and the patient's immune status.

Drug therapy

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As a drug treatment for HPV, antiviral drugs are successfully used, which prevent the growth and reproduction of neoplasms. For this purpose, most often prescribed: "Interferon", "Cycloferon", "Acyclovir", "Ribavirin".

Complex therapy also involves the use of immunomodulatory drugs ("Viferon", "Genferon", "Immunomax", "Likopid").

Methods for removing papillomas

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Removal of papillomas and genital warts is a necessary procedure. It does not eliminate the causes of the disease and does not destroy the human papillomavirus, but it prevents the formation of malignant formations.

Removal is performed by the following methods:

  1. surgical removal - cutting off neoplasms from the skin and mucous membranes with a scalpel.
  2. cryotherapy is a safe procedure, which consists in freezing growths with liquid nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen oxide. As a result of this procedure, the death of pathogenic cells and intracellular fluid occurs. Cryotherapy is performed without anesthesia and is prescribed only for small condylomas or warts.
  3. thermocauterization - complete elimination of growths under the influence of high temperature. Moxibustion is a rather painful procedure, therefore it is performed under local anesthesia.
  4. chemical destruction - cauterization of papillomas with solutions containing concentrated nitric, acetic or salicylic acid. The safety of the procedure allows you to carry it out yourself at home.
  5. laser destruction - destruction of tissues under the influence of a laser. It is considered the only procedure allowed for the elimination of papillomas in pregnant women.
  6. radio wave coagulation - removal of genital warts with a radio wave knife. The procedure is not cheap, so you can find it mainly in private clinics.

Prevention of HPV

Adherence to some preventive measures will help reduce the risk of infection with the papilloma virus. Women need to give up bad habits, strengthen their immune system and use only their own hygiene items.

Nowadays, HPV vaccination is used with a drug called "Gardasil", which is effective against especially oncogenic strains of the human papillomavirus. This vaccination consists of three injections that must be given every six months.

It is important for every woman to undergo regular preventive examinations by a gynecologist. It is the timely diagnosis of the human papillomavirus in women that is the key to successful treatment.

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