Table of contents:
- The main routes of infection
- How to suspect yourself of infection?
- Treatment in women
- Danger to pregnant women
Video: Chlamydia Trachomatis In Women - Symptoms And Effective Treatments
Last updated on November 13, 2019 at 14:34
Reading time: 5 min
These are bacteria that are similar to a virus due to their structure. They penetrate into the cell, thereby hiding from the immune system, which makes it difficult to identify.
The adaptability of chlamydia to the human body is great. Initially, this bacterium acted in mammals and birds, but mutated and got to humans. 60 people out of 100 suffer from it, which is a lot.
Urethritis, colpitis, endometritis, eye damage (ophthalmochlamydia, conjunctivitis), chlamydial pharyngitis, joint disease (Reiter's disease).
- 1 The main routes of infection
- 2 How to suspect yourself of being infected?
- 3 Treatment in women
- 4 Danger to pregnant women
5.1 Similar articles
The main routes of infection
This disease is transmitted sexually, with genital and anal sex. You can also get it in a household way through common washcloths and towels.
It is especially important to know that the breeding period for this infection is 5 to 30 days. Be aware that contamination does not occur by shaking hands or by contact with infected skin. But the use of the pool, common utensils, hygiene items is a matter of controversy and causes certain concerns.
Bacteria enter the human body, but their number is not enough to cause disease. The most threatening is the sexual route.
In rare cases, infection is possible with oral sex, since this pathogenic pathogen can take root in the pharynx. The bacterium attaches to semen and easily reaches a wide variety of sites with it. However, the favorite habitat of the bacteria is the cervix.
How to suspect yourself of infection?
- there is itching and burning in the genitals;
- there may be an unpleasant odor from the vagina;
- pulling abdominal pain, radiating to the lower back;
- soreness when urinating;
- spotting between periods;
- pain and itching in the rectum;
- joints hurt, especially knee;
- discomfort in the eye, a feeling of grit or grit.
It should be noted that with a strong immune system, the disease can pass without symptoms, i.e. the woman does not feel the above abnormalities in the body and does not go to the gynecologist. Because of this, the disease becomes chronic.
Chlamydia trachomatis diagnostics:
- a smear of vaginal discharge;
- sowing a smear for antibiotic sensitivity;
- PCR diagnostics (this is a smear from the area of the affected mucosa);
- general blood analysis;
- Analysis of urine.
Before taking the test, you can not urinate, less than an hour before the study, use gynecological suppositories and douching, take antibiotics.
Currently, many leading clinics conduct special programs "Healthy Relationships" and "Healthy Relationships Extended Program", in which sexual partners undergo a comprehensive study for sexually transmitted diseases, which will allow them to fully test their body.
Treatment in women
The doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment, taking into account the characteristics of each patient.
- The use of drugs that restore the immune system, the so-called immunomodulators. It can be cycloferon, viferon or lycopid.
- Antibiotics play a major role. Macrolides, in particular Zitrolide forte or Azithromycin, give a 100% cure. Since the above drugs work for five days after ingestion, this makes it possible to drink the dose of tablets or capsules recommended by the doctor every five days. Treatment is carried out in a course of four weeks.
- Vaginal suppositories are needed, which contain antimicrobial and antifungal components, since after taking antibiotics, there is a possibility of fungal infections of the genitals of women. Candles of the new generation Metromicon Neo or Neopenotral have proven themselves better than others. The selection of suppositories by the doctor is mandatory, while the condition of the woman, her characteristics and the presence of pregnancy must be taken into account.
- You need to take vitamins. Either pentovit for at least 14 days, or multivitamin complexes.
- We need probiotics, among which Maxilak has proven itself, which contains a sufficient amount of useful cultures, bifidobacteria. It is very convenient to use, since you need to use it one capsule a day after meals for 10 days, which is not difficult. You can use Linex according to the instructions.
- It is very important to note that after taking antibiotics, it is necessary to eat a package of yogurt with bifidobacteria, bifilin or bifilife at least once a day. Recently, a number of useful fermented milk products have been produced, the use of which cannot be neglected, since this is one of the ways to restore balance in the body.
- It is completely unacceptable to take alcoholic beverages during treatment
- You can not eat hot spices (mustard, hot peppers, horseradish and others)
- Do not live sexually during the treatment period.
- Refuse casual sex.
If the treatment was postponed, then the onset of a chronic form of chlamydia is possible, which is curable, but it will take more time and includes trips to sanatoriums and gynecological resorts, where, in addition to the above procedures, mud, physiotherapy and mineral waters are treated.
In some cases, laser blood irradiation is recommended.
One of the main postulates should be the simultaneous treatment of a sexual partner, otherwise the entire positive result of treatment will be ruined, because a person does not develop immunity to chlamydia.
Danger to pregnant women
The risk of transmission of chlamydia from mother to fetus exists due to the fact that the pathogen crosses the placenta and during childbirth, the child can become infected.
Children can develop chlamydial pneumonia or conjunctivitis. Also, the presence of the pathogen can lead to miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, fetal hypoxia and respiratory failure in the newborn. There are cases of infection of children with chlamydia through towels and washcloths.
In pregnant women, it is imperative to treat this disease with antibiotics. But not all will fit. To do this, the doctor must select such medications that will not harm the child being born.
After treatment and receiving negative results, within the next two months, it is necessary to be tested for relapse. Only then can you be sure that the disease has been successfully cured.
If it is impossible to have a permanent partner in whose health there is no doubt, you need to use condoms and be sure to periodically visit a specialist doctor.
Mention should also be made of the risks associated with the dangers of self-medication, especially the uncontrolled intake of antibacterial drugs, which can lead to the phenomenon of antibiotic resistance.
It lies in the fact that with irregular intake of an antibiotic, or with inadequate doses, microbial resistance to this active substance can form and the therapeutic effect will significantly decrease, up to its complete absence.
According to WHO experts, the current situation is no longer in the distant future, but right now can lead to the most tragic consequences. It is not for nothing that antibiotics are sold in a pharmacy only on prescription from a doctor, who decides on their appointment, and certainly not a patient based on recommendations from the Internet.
Therefore, we strongly recommend that you, if your symptoms are similar to the symptoms described in the article, contact a competent specialist, after making sure of his qualifications based on reviews about him.