Bacterial Vaginosis - Symptoms, Treatments For Vaginosis

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Bacterial Vaginosis - Symptoms, Treatments For Vaginosis
Bacterial Vaginosis - Symptoms, Treatments For Vaginosis

Video: Bacterial Vaginosis - Symptoms, Treatments For Vaginosis

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Video: Bacterial vaginosis, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, DIagnosis and Treatment. 2023, February

Last updated 19 January 2018 at 09:56 PM

Reading time: 5 min

The main source of bacterial vaginosis is the anaerobic bacteria gardnerella. She is in a small amount in the female body, but begins to multiply only under the influence of factors favorable to her, one of which is the sexual partner.

The consequences of gardnerella or vaginal bacteriosis, as it is also called, are very serious. If it is untimely to begin treatment of bacterial vaginosis and eliminate its main cause, the infection will lead to inflammation of the uterus, complication of subsequent childbirth and even infertility, and will begin to spread to the organs of the urinary system.


  • 1 Vaginal microflora of a woman
  • 2 Causes of infection
  • 3 Symptoms of gardnerellosis in women
  • 4 Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis
  • 5 What and how to treat bacterial vaginosis
  • 6 Prevention of bacterial vaginosis infection

    6.1 Similar articles

Vaginal microflora of a woman


Lactobacilli in the vagina perform the function of maintaining a moist acidic environment, serve as a kind of protective factor. They successfully suppress inhabiting pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms due to the sufficient formation of lactic acid.

But there are conditions that lead to a decrease in the number of beneficial bacteria and, naturally, their inability to fully perform their tasks.

Consider the causes of the onset of the disease bacterial anaerobic vaginosis:

  1. the use of certain medications: antibiotics, birth control pills, hormones;
  2. means for maintaining intimate hygiene. Pads, tampons, specialized gels;
  3. synthetic and tight clothing;
  4. improper nutrition;
  5. insufficient consumption of fermented milk products;
  6. sexually transmitted diseases;
  7. lack of constant or frequent change of sexual partner;
  8. diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and urinary system, which usually begin late to heal;
  9. frequent stress, depression;
  10. disruption of the endocrine system;
  11. pregnancy and others.

All of the above premises are well known. Many of them are the result of an improper lifestyle, as well as untimely treatment of disorders in the body.

Symptoms of gardnerellosis in women


Bacvaginosis does not cause obvious pain in women. Many do not even realize that there is an infection inside.

But there are some signs that you should pay attention to:

  • vaginal discharge, became profuse, acquired a grayish tint;
  • an unpleasant sour, putrid smell appeared;
  • itching and burning are rare. May occur with intercourse or urination.

These symptoms are very rare. Even a specialist on examination will not always be able to determine bacterial vaginosis and immediately prescribe the appropriate treatment. But over time, they worsen: the discharge becomes viscous, the smell worsens, severe pains appear in the pelvic area.

Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis


Gardnerellosis often has symptoms similar to some diseases.

Therefore, before making a diagnosis, the attending experienced physician must prescribe a diagnosis of some concomitant diseases:

  • candidiasis. A fungal infection known as thrush. But its causative agent is the yeast-like fungi Candida. It also causes profuse white discharge, itching, burning and pain;
  • colpitis. Inflammatory process in the vagina. Its sources can be staphylococci, chlamydia, haemophilus influenzae and others;
  • gonorrhea. Caused by gonococcus, it is a purulent infectious venereal disease. Transmitted only by a sexual partner.

The fact is that gardnerella is not sensitive to many drugs and an erroneous diagnosis can only aggravate the course of the disease and activate its subsequent reproduction and spread throughout the body.

The examination process begins, of course, by an experienced gynecologist. Examination in a special chair provides for a visual assessment of the external genital organs and the internal walls of the vagina. Conducts an individual conversation with the patient about the presence of symptoms and signs, sensations.

Then the process of thorough diagnostics begins.

Smear. During the examination, the gynecologist must take samples inside the vagina, as well as in the area of ​​the external genital organs. In the laboratory, they are mixed with a special solution. When key cells are found, the diagnosis is confirmed

But there are also reasons that prevent this study from being fully carried out. They should be taken into account: menstruation, sex on the eve of testing, taking medications 2 days before the intended sample collection.

Test strips to determine the balance of pH, vaginal acidity. It is very simple. A small thin strip is inserted inside for a certain time. With a disease, the acidity level will be from 4.5 to 6.

Method for the determination of microorganisms by gram. Enzyme staining of various types of bacteria is used. In this case, gram-negative gardnerella will stand out.

Polymerase chain reaction. Uses the study of DNA fragments.

How and how to treat bacterial vaginosis


In order not to face similar problems in the future, such as a violation of the full functioning of the pelvic organs, it is necessary to learn how to follow simple rules:

  • Once every six months, be sure to visit a gynecologist. To make sure that there are no problems, take the necessary tests; for intercourse, preference is given to condoms;
  • take care of your health. Complete a complete laboratory and hardware examination;
  • be wary of intimate hygiene products, consult a doctor;
  • choose clothes that are free from natural materials;
  • make the right diet. You can ask a dietitian for help.

Avoid stress, nervous strain, learn to rest. Often, central nervous system disorders can also lower immunity and weaken the body. Drink more vitamin complexes or consume them in the form of fresh vegetables and fruits.

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